<<
>>

THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION

The dissertation structure answers to the purpose and research problems and consists of the introduction, three heads, the conclusion and the literature list.

In introduction the theme urgency, object, a subject, the purpose and problems, teoretiko-methodological bases, methods and istochnikovaja base of research are proved; the kategorialno-conceptual field of research is generated; the personal contribution of the author is defined; scientific novelty, the theoretical and practical importance, degree of scientific working out of a problem are shown; approbation of results of research is reflected; investigation phases are presented; validity and reliability of scientific results and dissertation conclusions is proved; the substantive provisions which are taken out on protection are formulated.

In chapter 1 «Formation and development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation to Russia of second half XIX - the XX-th century beginnings» the treatment of factors of formation of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in second half XIX - the XX-th century beginning is presented, process of formation of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in second half XIX centuries is characterised; evolution of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in the XX-th century beginning is presented.

In the second chapter «Transformation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in the XX-th century» the potential of development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in Russian pedagogical 14 is analysed

Abroad, tendencies of transformation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation at schools of the USSR in 30 - 80th years of the XX-th century are presented.

In the third chapter «Modern lines of development of the maintenance of the Russian gymnasia formation» the basic directions of development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of the Russian gymnasia formation in the end of XX - the XXI-st century beginning are defined; the regional space of gymnasia formation of the Tver area XX - the XXI-st century beginning is presented in the end; modernisation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in MOU «the Grammar school № 44 of Tver» is characterised.

In the conclusion theoretical and practical results of research are generalised, the basic conclusions are formulated.

As shown in the dissertation, throughout XIX - the XX-th century beginnings the Russian system of gymnasia formation was in a condition of continuous transformation. Occurring modernisations formed new educational ideals, improved conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. As a rule, these modernisations had boldly expressed socially significant character, drew public attention and became a subject of fruitful discussions.

For definition of leading tendencies of development of the maintenance of gymnasia formation of second half XIX - the XX-th century beginnings in the dissertation it is system the factors which essentially have affected formation of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation are analysed: sotsialnoyopoliticheskie, socially - economic, socially-cultural urological and nauchnoyopedagogicheskie.

As it is ascertained in the dissertation, after Great reforms of 1860th years connected with consequences of cancellation of the serfdom, the developing economy formed the social order for overcoming of gymnasia classicism and objectively demanded its cancellation.

Became obvious, that educational level of graduates of a grammar school could not satisfy growing requirements of the Russian industry any more. Second half XIX centuries are represented by the considerable and fruitful period in development of the maintenance of gymnasia formation which has received a powerful impulse to the development thanks to acceptance progressive «the Charter of grammar schools and programmar schools» (1864). Internal problems and contradictions in development of the maintenance of gymnasia formation of Russia have put the state, a society and pedagogical thought before necessity of modernisation of its theoretical bases.

Development of a philosophical science and pedagogical concepts throughout all investigated period generated changes of an educational ideal of the person of the graduate of a grammar school. All it objectively produced formation of new concepts of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. In the dissertation it is proved, that in second half XIX centuries following productive concepts of the maintenance of gymnasia formation were consistently produced and realised: encyclopaedic, humanitarian, classical, natural-science and developing.

Each of these concepts contained specific possibilities and prospects of realisation of educational, developing and educational character of the maintenance of gymnasia formation.

The encyclopaedic concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation assumed multiconcreteness of the maintenance of the formation, setting as the purpose formation of widely erudite person. In such context the encyclopaedic ideal of the person assumed trudnorealizuemyj, but as a whole an image of the grammar-school boy independently defining the educational priorities corresponding to humanistic values, not requiring a regulation of the educational activity, imposing the teacher capable to scientific popularisation prepodavaemyh by it of disciplines. Formation of the person of the grammar-school boy of the given type assumed also stimulation of deep and original interest to antiquity, achievement of an optimum parity between reasonable regular pedagogical insistence and freedom of creative thought of teachers and grammar-school boys. To realise this ideal in the conditions of mass practice of system of the Russian gymnasia formation of second half XIX century, certainly, it was not represented possible.

In a scientific discourse the encyclopaedic approach was opposed by the humanitarian concept of designing of the maintenance of the gymnasia formation, providing formation of the person with high level of erudition (in particular philological), the developed is formal-logic thinking, requirement to regular intellectual work. A special role it was given to the humanitarian maintenance of gymnasia formation. Prominent feature of this tradition throughout all history of the Russian grammar school there was as much as possible high level of philological culture.

In the tideway of the humanitarian approach in 1870th visible conservative figures M.N.Katkovym and P.M.Leontevym had been generated the complete and original concept of the classical maintenance of gymnasia formation.

Among conceptual ideas the most significant represent installation on «noble conservatism», prevention of penetration into the maintenance of gymnasia formation of all false and done not pass check by time, casual and socially negative, that can cause painful personal contradictions in consciousness of grammar-school boys and appear an obstacle for formation of their complete and harmonious perception of the world on the basis of hristiansko-orthodox system of values; a recognition of a special role of Ancient Greek and Latin languages, purposeful filologizm the formation maintenances, assuming free reading and a translation from Latin, Ancient Greek, German, French, English languages, and also strong knowledge of Church Slavonic and modern Russian of languages; special accent on studying of the best samples of domestic literature from Old Russian annals to classics of the Russian literature of A.S.Pushkina, M.J.Lermontov, N.V.Gogol; Assignment of the leading part of history which should unite all subject matters of not language orientation and simultaneously unite and connect the data received from teaching of the Law Divine, of Russian, classic languages and geography; creation of special atmosphere of stimulation of informative activity of grammar-school boys, thanking their active participation in work of circles, studios, choruses, scientific associations, literary communities. However as it is noted in the dissertation, the concept of the classical maintenance of gymnasia formation of M.N.Katkova and P.M.Leonteva did not open essentially new prospects for development of the maintenance of gymnasia formation.

In this connection in a context of this problem field have started to be formed natural-science and developing (in terminology of that time formal) concepts of the maintenance of gymnasia formation.

As their basic lines the aspiration to full refusal from arhaiki in the formation maintenance, formation of the relation to history and spiritual culture of antiquity as that it is necessary to know to the formed person, but not to consider how it is capable to influence resolution of problems in the present acted; conviction that the overload of the maintenance of classical gymnasia formation by elements antique arhaiki interferes with socialisation of grammar-school boys.

In the dissertation it is proved, that the most typical line of the period of second half H! H centuries lifting socially - the state movement directed on development of gymnasia formation on a humanistic and democratic basis was. A consequence of it was occurrence of some the advanced private grammar schools with boldly expressed author's concept, original character of educational activity, bright creative individuality of pedagogical collective and its heads. On given idejnoyomirovozzrencheskoj to base there was a formation of author's concepts of development of bases of the gymnasia formation connected with variativnym of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. In the dissertation monograficheski grammar schools where the most productive updatings of the maintenance of gymnasia formation have been proved and carried out are characterised: Charles Ivanovicha Maja's Petersburg man's grammar school, Moscow man's grammar school Frantsa Ivanovicha Krejmana, the Moscow man's grammar school of Lion Ivanovicha polivanova, the Moscow female classical grammar school of Sofia Nikolaevny Fisher. These grammar schools were based on traditional values of gymnasia formation, but, at the same time, brought in conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation the innovative author's originality caused by pedagogical belief and mentality of their heads and pedagogical collectives. In these best Russian grammar schools it is necessary to carry high academism and productivity of training, unique spiritually-psychological atmosphere, inculcation to number of the qualitative parties of the maintenance of formation to grammar-school boys of interest to intellectual work and a saturation of educational subjects the aesthetic maintenance.

In the dissertation it is proved, that in the beginning of the XX-th century the system of gymnasia formation has faced a number serious sotsiokulturnyh the calls threatening its existence. The crisis condition of the classical maintenance of gymnasia formation has been in many respects caused by struggle with «progressistskim a direction» in the maintenance of the formation which have called into question existence of is class-fixed system. Supporters of this direction of a paradigm of "labour school» connected educational activity of a grammar school with the social practice providing inclusion trained in labour and productions. Immanent lines of this concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation was the aspiration to full refusal from arhaiki formations, formation of the relation to history and spiritual culture of antiquity as to that it is necessary to know to the formed person, but not to consider, how something capable to influence in absolutely defining image the present; Conviction in that superfluous hobby of the person antique past and an overload of the maintenance of gymnasia formation by elements antique arhaiki
Interfere with modern development of a society and adaptation to inquiries of gymnasia developing society.

All it generated cardinally other inquiry to gymnasia formation which assumed profound studying of that is as much as possible approached to conditions of a cultural life of the modern person.

The situation in formation began to vary positively after working out and partial realisation in 1915-1916 of the progressive project of reform of an education system under the guidance of the minister of national education P.N.Ignatyev in a channel «national-innovative concept of the maintenance of formation.

In general education sphere fruitful activity on lifting of quality of training of all Russian schools to level of grammar schools was carried out. This idea has most brightly proved in the concept uniform, but not the uniform school which have incorporated the best achievements of domestic and foreign pedagogical thought. It was offered new prognoznoe Russian education vision in which the contradiction between requirement available in a society for preservation of a humanitarian grammar school and creation of perspective model of the general gymnasia formation was authorised, capable to satisfy new social inquiries of a society. In case of the decision of this problem the Russian gymnasia system could receive a new impulse for the development and play a significant role in formation of the Russian intelligency of XX century.

The most complete concept of modernisation of the maintenance of classical gymnasia formation in the XX-th century beginning was kulturologo - F.F.Zelinsky's pedagogical concept according to which the formation maintenance in a grammar school should be based on cultivation of interest to antiquity not from positions of its adaptation, updatings and priukrashivanija according to inquiries of mass public consciousness, and on judgement and reflexion of its influence on all global progress of historical development of the European world, confidence that antiquity influence on historical destiny of the European people is carried out first of all not only thanks to the antique literature or architecture monuments, but also in defining degree thanks to ideas and the principles which have come during a life of the European people from antiquity, for example, a great interest in philosophy.

As is known, development of historical events has led to that as a result of influence of a complex political and socio-economic factors the system of gymnasia formation after October revolution of 1917 as an independent phenomenon for the long historical period has stopped the existence in the USSR.

Complete studying and the system analysis of a complex of documents and materials have convincingly shown, that during the period after October revolution of 1917 by continuation of development of domestic gymnasia formation in 1920-1950 - e years there was an activity of grammar schools of the Russian pedagogical Abroad. The recreated domestic grammar schools acted as centre of a Russian education in the conditions of Abroad and represented the significant phenomenon to Russian education histories. In the conditions of grammar school expatriation have been urged to act as samples of the Russian spiritual culture, in practice to realise, keep and develop traditions and ideals of the Russian gymnasia formation to which the best representatives of domestic pedagogics aspired
The XX-th century beginnings. The reference in the formation maintenance to social, political and world outlook ideas was innovative national-cultural urological conceptual approaches in the maintenance of gymnasia formation in the conditions of the Russian pedagogical Abroad; stimulation at grammar-school boys of interest not only to the art samples of the past who has received the status classical, but also to modern fiction; refusal of the selection assuming deduction of pupils which mismatched obrazovatelno-educational requirements of a grammar school.

In the dissertation it is proved, that, along with productive activity of grammar schools of the Russian pedagogical Abroad, the great value from a position of formation of the concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation is represented by approaches of philosophers and pedagogical thinkers which in questions of definition of the maintenance of formation could rise to level deep filosofsko - analytical and methodological generalisations. Most completely the problematics of the maintenance of gymnasia formation has received the development in works of outstanding representatives of a domestic pedagogical science of Sergey Iosifovicha Gessena and George Petrovicha Fedotova.

Developing the complete cultural urological concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation, S.I. Giessen to number of the priority values setting a framework for definition of the maintenance of formation, first of all carried values of a science, art, religion, morals, the right, economy. The philosopher consistently acted as the supporter uniform, but not uniform system of the general secondary education. S.I. Giessen, nevertheless, has been convinced, that gymnasia formation in the maintenance inevitably should reflect all five branches of scientific directions - natural-science, mathematical, philosophical, philological and historical. Filosofsko - educational approach S.I. Giessen to designing of the maintenance of formation consisted in the following: It considered not so much ascertaining of a modern condition of formation, how many an anticipation of to what intelligently and consistently formation as a result of realisation of philosophically proved pedagogical concept of the development should come as the main tasks of designing of the maintenance of formation; the philosopher defined a principle of selection of the maintenance of formation «purposeful and consecutive familiarising of the person with culture of a society in the widest understanding of this word», as, from its point of view, «a problem of any formation - familiarising of the person with cultural values of a science, art, morals, the right, an economy, transformation of the natural person into the person cultural».

As has shown the executed research, perspective approaches to modernisation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation have been produced by approaches in this area the prominent representative of filosofsko-pedagogical thought of the Russian Abroad G.P.Fedotovym who has created complete scientifically - the educational concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. To number of the most significant ideas of G.P.Fedotova in sphere of the maintenance of gymnasia formation we will carry a course on a reconstruction of grammar schools in which basis the principle of cultural-intellectual selection should lay at full negation soslovnoyoklassovoj privileges; installation on creation in grammar schools of special atmosphere of intense intellectual work, spiritual culture,
Stimulating motivational readiness of pupils for familiarising for classical cultural wealth.

In the dissertation it is shown, that in spite of the fact that in the Soviet education system up to a boundary of 1990th years of gymnasia formation did not exist, since 1930th years the Soviet system of secondary education consistently came back to basic positions, characteristic for pre-revolutionary gymnasia formation, naturally, without a mention of concept "grammar school". As it is marked in the dissertation, as a whole the Soviet pedagogical science and school 1930 - substantially successfully reproduced 50th years a number of positive lines of domestic gymnasia formation.

Retrospective kvazigimnazicheskoj it is obviously possible to concept of the maintenance of the general education to carry installation to intrinsic lines of this on formation of comprehensively developed person who are finding out ability to certain universality of the further training, assuming success of reception humanitarian, natural-science and a technical education according to requirements of the state, and also interests and vital plans of graduates of school; comprehension of necessity of social cultural and educational reproduction of domestic intelligency (installation on preparation of officials and the future students of universities and other higher educational institutions of similar educational level means of gymnasia formation in pre-revolutionary Russia); declaring of compulsion of achievement of considerable quality of knowledge on all subject matters, and also maintenance of high level formally - logic thinking; Thorough and systematic studying of humanitarian subject matters and, in particular, history, the literature, Russian; a recognition of classical fiction self-value of the Russian culture, aspiration to consider high level of erudition as a doubtless sign of original culture and intelligence of the person.

The aspiration to address to Latin studying in a comprehensive school of the end of 1940-50th years of the XX-th century substantially testified to positive istoriko-pedagogical revaluation of a role of gymnasia formation in development of a scientific both cultural life of the country and existence of certain public inquiries to introduction at domestic school, at least, one of significant lines of the maintenance of pre-revolutionary gymnasia formation. All it promoted formation Soviet scientifically - the technical intelligency which has managed owing to the erudition and an active role in a society life to be a cultural heiress of pre-revolutionary Russian intelligency, produtsirovaniju the special mentality of the Soviet society assuming respect for deep both fundamental formation and the relation to it as defining factor of cultural and scientific development of the country. In the dissertation it is proved, that throughout second half 1960-h-80th years there was a consecutive maturing of conditions for the subsequent restoration of gymnasia formation. During this period schools «gymnasia orientation» have most brightly proved. In the tideway of the texnocratic concept of the maintenance of the general education in 1960th years there are not numerous and never declaring the communication with pre-revolutionary grammar schools, but in many respects relatives it on spirit, first of all, the specialised mathematical
Boarding schools at universities for children with strongly pronounced signs of endowments to studying of physical and mathematical disciplines. These schools have been created at leading higher educational institutions: a physical and mathematical boarding school - at the Moscow state university (the school has arisen in the mid-sixties and united about 400 presented children from tens areas of the USSR and Belarus, classes trained at 9-11); a physical and mathematical boarding school at Novosibirsk the state university; economic school at the Moscow institute of a national economy; Donetsk school of young chemists. Similar schools for presented children did not declare the successive communication with pre-revolutionary grammar schools and as a matter of fact those were not, though in Russia throughout XVIII-XIX centuries there were academic grammar schools at the Russian universities. Also in many large cities schools with teaching of some subjects on a foreign language were created. Activity of these special schools has quite justified itself, that, in particular, was reflected in high results of their educational activity.

In the tideway of the texnocratic concept as the most relief signs of returning of the gymnasia maintenance of formation in second half 1960-h-80 h years it is obviously possible to allocate the profound studying of mathematical subject matters reflecting special attention to development of is formal-logic thinking; occurrence of schools with profound studying of several foreign languages that appeared to conformable traditions filologizma pre-revolutionary gymnasia formation; opening of some schools for the presented youth at natural-science faculties of some the best Soviet high schools (orientirovannost gymnasia formation on training of graduates at universities).

Let's underline, that the characterised tendencies did not reflect in themselves the state installations on direct returning to gymnasia formation. The returning problem even to qualitatively modified types of gymnasia formation, certainly, during the considered period was not put. However the characterised processes objectively created conditions for a reconstruction of modern gymnasia formation on qualitative higher level of development.

Thus, occurrence of specialised schools for presented children has played the mediated positive role in the followed reconstruction of the Russian gymnasia formation in the end of XX century.

In the dissertation it is underlined, that the revived gymnasia formation became the integral and significant phenomenon of the Russian educational space of 1990th years.

The factors which have led to a reconstruction of the Russian grammar schools, it is possible to differentiate on state-political; socially - economic; cultural urological; scientifically-conceptual. Accruing process of creation of grammar schools led to necessity of methodological judgement of the most various parties of their activity, including formation maintenances. In 1990th years - in the XXI-st century beginning the concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation which included as base positions creation of favorable conditions for formation of graduates of a grammar school as the future representatives of the Russian intelligency, capable to play an in the lead role in those global positive changes which should be dominated sotsiokulturnaja
The XXI-st centuries are carried out in Russia; formation in grammar schools special kulturnoyointellektualnoj the developing environment uniting teachers and pupils; creation in grammar schools of the atmosphere promoting development and self-realisation of teachers and grammar-school boys; installation on the realised exit for frameworks of a utilitarian pragmatism in relation to the maintenance of gymnasia formation and, first of all, revival of its spiritually-cultural component; education of respect of grammar-school boys to the fundamental knowledge possessing high level teoretichnosti.

As it is presented to dissertations, in city educational space of of Tver now six grammar schools, from them one successfully works linguistic, one humanitarian and four versatile. In the Tver area - 10 grammar schools. It is ascertained, that grammar schools of the Tver region operate in organic continuity with the best traditions of pre-revolutionary grammar schools, mean, increased requirements to quality obuchennosti, discipline of pupils; a humanitarian orientation of gymnasia formation; continuity in continuous deepened - profile formation at formation continuation in high schools.

In the dissertation as model of enrichment of the maintenance of gymnasia formation activity «the Tver grammar school № 44» in which it is developed is characterised and realised complete cultural — the developing concept of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. Grammar school mission has been defined as education of "the person of culture» on the basis of realisation of developing training which allows pupils to find independently necessary knowledge on the basis of possession of various informative operations.

The basic components of the maintenance of gymnasia formation define knowledge (science), understanding (culture), desire and tendency to active good act (belief). In this connection teaching of all subjects in a grammar school has got a philosophical and ethical orientation. Realisation of such concept of the maintenance of formation in a grammar school gives to each pupil following possibilities: reception of the qualitative

Universal educational preparation on a humanitarian basis; the training promoting versatile personal and individual development; formation of skills of creative intellectual work, mastering of modern ways of scientific thinking; satisfaction of requirement for self-education and additional education reception; maintenance of possibilities for mastering of achievements of domestic and world culture. Now the grammar school №44 successfully provides mental potential formation, development of the higher requirements of the person, its civil and spiritual formation; revealing of the most capable and presented children, maintenance of conditions for individual abilities of each person, formation of requirements for self-development and self-training.

In the conclusion following conclusions are formulated:

1. The system of the Russian gymnasia formation was formed under constant influence is state - political, socially - cultural urological, socially - political, scientifically - conceptual and economic factors. The periodization of considered process presented to dissertations reflects close interrelation of these factors in working out of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation.

2. Throughout all period of second half XIX - the XXI-st century beginnings in domestic gymnasia formation have been proved and realised a spectrum productive variativnyh concepts of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. In this connection there are bases to ascertain some kind of «memory character» in a conceptual substantiation of a complex of the problems connected with produtsirovaniem and realisation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation. Developed and approved on defined particularly - a historical stage conceptual positions not eliminirovalis, and in «the removed kind» accumulated at the subsequent stages scientifically - research activity.

As a whole development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in a domestic pedagogical science carried continuous, instead of discrete character, was carried out throughout all considered chronological period, but not always in the obvious form and on avtohtonnoj territories.

3. Throughout second half XIX century the Russian state quite obosnovanno considered itself as the leader of formation and development of system of gymnasia formation, tried to construct it on the basis of multiconcreteness in which basis the aspiration to formation of widely formed and erudite person and the government official laid. The defining purpose of the government in sphere of the maintenance of gymnasia formation throughout the given period was formation of the erudite and intellectually developed graduates of the grammar schools, capable to possess necessary level of the office initiative, healthy ambition, but thus never beyond execution of the state will, not capable to take a great interest in ideas and the concepts calling into question firmness of a monarchic political system in the country.

4. The government traditionally showed the strongly pronounced tendency to certain ignoring of a position of a society in definition of the present and the future of system of gymnasia formation. Absence of harmony in simultaneous influence state-political and sotsialnoyokulturologicheskogo factors has caused brightly expressed in 70 - 80th years of XIX century of line of partial deformation of gymnasia classicism in Russia. It is necessary to carry the tendency to extreme restriction of independence and freedom of scientific and civil thinking of teachers and grammar-school boys to their number, deductions from walls of grammar schools of all grammar-school boys which to some extent did not keep within in prokrustovo a bed of requirements of a grammar school. At the same time, thanks to influence it is state-political factor, means of gymnasia formation formed preconditions for spiritual and sociopolitical stabilisation of a society and the statement in a grammar school of steady traditions hristiansko - orthodox education that corresponded to historical experience of spiritual education of youth in Russia, and also dominating belief of parents and the social environment in which grammar-school boys were formed.

5. In difficult sociopolitical conditions of the beginning of the XX-th century evolution of conceptual bases of the maintenance of the Russian gymnasia formation occurred in following directions: proofs of a demand of gymnasia formation in the conditions of intensive capitalist development of a society and familiarising of grammar-school boys

By an economic, scientific and cultural life of wide social strata; that substantiation what exactly gymnasia formation is originally scientific, the optimal and effective for preparation of grammar-school boys for the subsequent training at university; definitions of a role of natural and mathematical subject matters in the maintenance of gymnasia formation for which domination of humanitarian knowledge is traditionally characteristic; establishments of ways of creation equal in rights by the rights and educational potential of grammar schools of different orientations; discussions of expediency of existence only uniform under the theoretical maintenance and valuable priorities of system of gymnasia formation or an admissibility of polyvariant gymnasia space which, in particular, supposes as a variant and existence of humanitarian grammar schools.

6. Top of development of the previous period of development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of the Russian gymnasia formation was activity of grammar schools of the Russian pedagogical Abroad 20 - 50 - h years of the XX-th century. Their characteristic line was the aspiration to keep better qualities of the Russian maintenance of gymnasia formation - aspiration to fundamental nature, a cult of the Russian classical literature. Big prognostichnoe conceptual approaches to the maintenance of gymnasia education of the philosopher and publicist N.A.Berdjaeva, the philosopher, the seminary student, the psychologist, the theorist and the historian of formation V.V. Zenkovsky, writer I.A.Ilyin, the jurist, the theorist and the historian of formation S.I had value. Giessen, the philosopher, the historian and publicist G.P.Fedotova which have generated complete and perspective concepts of the maintenance of gymnasia formation.

7. In 1950-80 - e years boarding schools for presented children at Novosibirsk and Moscow state universities, to specialised schools with studying of some subjects on a foreign language were possible manage at the pupils a cult

Physical and mathematical, natural and the humanities, in many respects to reproduce traditions of domestic gymnasia formation, having prepared it a favorable basis for its revival in the early nineties.

8. Development of conceptual bases of the maintenance in space of the Russian gymnasia formation in the end of XX - the XXI-st century beginning was characterised by following lines:

• fundamental nature and in width of the maintenance of formation;

• aspiration to formation of steady scientific outlook of grammar-school boys, their development research kompetentsy;

• an openness of gymnasia community for realisation of innovative approaches in sphere of the maintenance of formation.

9. In the early nineties of the XX-th century in a number of educational institutions of a city of Tver and the Tver area the aspiration to revival of domestic gymnasia formation on the basis of historical experience which has been approved in practice of gymnasia formation of last years was showed. Now the regional educational space is presented by 16 grammar schools which produce and realise perspective conceptual approaches to the maintenance of gymnasia formation. All grammar schools focus the activity on creation of conditions for formation of the modern grammar-school boy,
Professional professional and personal self-determination and successful continuation of training in high school.

10. The executed research has not settled all set of the problems connected with development of conceptual bases of the maintenance of gymnasia formation in its historical retrospective show.

As perspective directions of the further researches it is possible to specify the following: the developed analysis of activity on modernisation of the maintenance of gymnasia formation of the best Russian grammar schools of end HH - the XXI-st century beginnings;

The profound characteristic of conceptual approaches to definition of the maintenance of gymnasia formation of separate subject domains.

<< | >>
A source: MARKOV Nikolay Stepanovich. DEVELOPMENT of CONCEPTUAL BASES of the MAINTENANCE of GYMNASIA FORMATION In Russia of SECOND HALF XIX - the XXI-st century BEGINNINGS. The dissertation author's abstract on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Tver - 2018. 2018

More on topic THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION:

  1. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  2. the Basic maintenance of the dissertation
  3. the Basic maintenance of the dissertation
  4. the BASIC MAINTENANCE of the DISSERTATION
  5. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  6. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  7. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  8. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  9. the Basic maintenance of the dissertation
  10. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  11. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  12. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  13. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  14. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION
  15. THE BASIC MAINTENANCE OF THE DISSERTATION