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THE WORK GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC

Research urgency. In the conditions of transition the basic obyoshcheobrazovatelnoj schools on Federal state educational standards of the basic general education (FGOS Open Company) the special attention addresses on necessity of achievement trained the new target reference points which have received the name of personal results.

Thereupon the importance of research of a question on perfection of approaches to formation of the maintenance of school education is staticized. Really, in spite of the fact that from the moment of working out and introduction of educational standards there has passed a lot of time, in school practice the difficulties connected with impossibility of overcoming of uncertainty in judgement of those continue to remain, than the teaching material maintenance that its development has been functionally focused on achievement trained the personal results considered as planned, instead of spontaneously arising in the course of training should be added.

The concept of federal state educational standards (Concept FGOS) understands system of valuable relations formed in educational process as personal results trained to itself, to other participants of educational process, to the most educational process and to its results. Authors of Concept FGOS concretise representation about personal results by means of their ordering and the description in the form of three mainframes - self-determination, smysloobrazovanie and morally-ethical orientation.

It is important, that Concept FGOS understands as self-determination sformirovannost an internal position trained - acceptance and development of a new social role trained; formation of bases of the Russian civil identity of the person as feelings of pride of the Native land, the people, history and comprehension of the ethnic accessory; self-esteem and ability development adequately to estimate itself and the achievements to see strong and weaknesses of the person. In quality smysloobrazovanija Concept FGOS considers search and an establishment trained personal sense of the doctrine («values for itself») on the basis of steady system uchebno-informative and soyotsialnyh motives; understanding of borders of that, «that I know» and that, «that I do not know» and aspirations to overcoming of this rupture. The maintenance of morally-ethical orientation is presented to Concepts FGOS as knowledge of the basic moral standards and orientation to their performance on the basis of understanding of their social necessity; Ability to moral detsentratsii - to the account of positions, motives and interests of participants of a moral dilemma at its permission; development of ethical feelings - shame, fault, conscience as regulators of moral behaviour.

At the same time it is essential, that in text FGOS Open Company representation about personal results is reflected in categories of qualities of the person. For example, the orientation of modern formation is especially underlined on
Formation of readiness and ability trained to self-development and personal self-determination, sformirovannost their motivations to training and purposeful informative activity, system of significant social and interpersonal relations, the tsennostno-semantic installations reflecting personal and civic stands in activity, ability to put the purpose and to make vital plans, ability to comprehension of the Russian identity in polycultural society.

We will notice, that the presented personal qualities and characteristics traditionally were a subject of attention of the theory and an education technique, and in student teaching defined target reference points not so much training, how many educational efforts of the teacher which were carried out basically in after-hour educational work.

Obviously, similar state of affairs is in the known contradiction with requirements FGOS Open Company focusing attention on not the smaller importance of special planning and achievement of personal results in the course of training. The developed situation brings didactics an attention to the question on necessity of improvement of scientific positions concerning deepening of representations about ways of formation of the maintenance of formation in aspect of its aiming at achievement of personal results as planned results of training.

Condition of a readiness of a problem of research. The question on essence and ways of formation of the maintenance of formation is one of the cores in modern didactic researches.

The analysis of the pedagogical literature testifies, that as a part of modern didactic knowledge the idea of an orientation of the maintenance of formation on development of the person trained finds the reflexion in a number of pedagogical theories: cultural urological (V.V. Kraevsky, I.J.Lerner, M.N.Skatkin, E.N.Seliverstov, etc.), it is system-dejatelnostnaja (V.S.Lednev), binarno-integrativnaja (L.M.Perminova).

In details enough in a pedagogical science the structure and structure of the maintenance of formation are studied; the general principles of its designing (I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.JA.Zorin, V.V. Kraevsky, I.J.Lerner, M.N.Skatkin, F.B.Sushkova, etc.) are defined, and also the principles, which account are strengthened by the lichnostno-developing potential of the maintenance of formation (A.V.Zelentsova, L.M.Perminova, E.N.Seliverstov, V.V. Serikov, A.V.farm, etc.); levels of consideration of the maintenance of formation (V.V. Kraevsky, I.J.Lerner, M.N.Skatkin, etc.) - the general theoretical representation are allocated; a subject; a teaching material; the realised maintenance of formation in the course of training when the formation maintenance becomes a subject of joint activity of the teacher and the pupil; level on which the formation maintenance acts as result of training when it becomes a result of activity and property of the person trained.

Formation of the maintenance of the teaching material aimed at achievement of personal results of training, is a necessary condition of that these results became planned, instead of casual. In the designated
Context the educational task acts as the form of the organisation of the maintenance of formation at level of the teaching material focused on purposeful achievement of personal results of training.

In modern didactics (etc.) the educational task is considered by V.I.Zagvjazinsky, I.J.Lerner, F.B.Sushkova, A.I.Uman in two plans - as the form of an embodiment of the maintenance of formation at level of a teaching material and as the pedagogical means providing the organisation of activity of schoolboys in the course of training and allowing to create conditions for achievement of personal results of training by them. In L.A.artjushinoj, L.P.Doblaeva, L.J.Zorinoj, I.K.Zhuravlyov, N.V.Kuznetsovoj, I.J.Lernera's researches, A.M. Sohora, etc. from various didactic positions approaches to structurization of the maintenance of formation at level of the teaching material focused on various purposes of training are studied. Scientists allocate a wide spectrum of versions of educational tasks, their classifications (S.F.Zhujkov, I.J.Lerner, A.I.Uman, etc.) are created . But the approaches thus developed by researchers not to the full reflect target characteristics of modern school education that is why require perfection and deepening.

At the same time it is necessary to recognise, that (A.V.Zelentsova, O.A.Karabanova, V.V. Serikov, A.V.farm, etc.) is made by scientists a considerable step to research of ways of achievement of personal results of training. However, the given problem yet has not received the full permission. In particular, still there is practically not studied an essence, specificity and principles of designing of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, approaches to ordering of such tasks are not developed, and also the question on their place as a part of a teaching material is not solved. It is essential, that the question on didactic implementers of pedagogical potential of a teaching material in aspect of its orientation on achievement of personal results of schoolboys specially was not considered in pedagogical researches.

Let's note a number of the problems which arising in a modern pedagogical science and have become by the reasons which complicate process of formation of the maintenance of the teaching material providing systematic achievement trained personal results:

— Scientific representation about essence of concept «the educational task focused on achievement of personal results trained» is not developed;

— Main principles for revealing of a specific variety of the educational tasks aimed at achievement of personal results of training are not defined;

— The educational tasks meeting in textbooks on various subjects, in bolshej are directed degree only on achievement trained subject results;

- The educational task as a design tool of personal results of training as a part of a teaching material also did not become a subject of special research attention.

The developed situation testifies about nerazrabotannosti didactic positions from which point of view ways of construction of the educational tasks directed on achievement trained personal results can be allocated, generating natural difficulties which teachers in the activity face. Quite obviously, all it reduces efficiency of realisation of requirements FGOS of the basic general education.

Thus, it is available contradictions:

- Between a demand in the maintenance of school training of the educational tasks which performance by the trained is capable to provide achievement of personal results, and practical absence of such tasks in the maintenance of school textbooks, and also in the scientifically-methodical literature for the teacher;

- Between requirement of use for school practice of the educational maintenance which is directed on acquisition by schoolboys of personal results of training in the course of performance of special educational tasks, and absence of scientifically verified approaches to its construction.

In connection with the revealed contradictions there was a research problem: what essence, pedagogical possibilities and ways of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, and also ways of inclusion of these tasks in structure of the maintenance of the formation considered at level of a teaching material?

Necessity of the permission of a problem has caused a choice of a theme of research: «the Educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training at the basic school».

Object - the educational task in the theory and practice of modern training in the conditions of the basic school.

Subject - the educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training at the basic school.

Research objective - to develop didactic construction tools of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training, and their inclusion in the teaching material maintenance.

Research hypothesis: achievement of personal results of schoolboys will act as a natural consequence of training if used educational tasks are focused on:

- Achievement of all base set of personal results of the schoolboys designated in FGOS Open Company;

- Inclusion of schoolboys in the informative activity, stimulating them to development of new experience of social relations;

- Development of the maintenance deducing schoolboys on the organisation of interaction with other people.

The purpose and research hypothesis have defined following research problems:

1. To analyse the theoretical approaches which have developed in psychology to judgement of intrinsic characteristics of the person and mechanisms of its formation for the purpose of formation of pedagogical generalisations about specificity of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training.

2. To characterise essence and the concept maintenance «the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of schoolboys».

3. To formulate pedagogical principles of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training.

4. To develop a variant of ordering of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training.

5. To reveal ways of inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, in the teaching material maintenance.

6. To define kriterialnye the characteristics used for diagnostics of personal results of training.

7. To carry out skilled-experimental work on check of effectiveness of the developed didactic construction tools of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training.

Teoretiko-methodological basis of research have made:

- aksiologichesky the approach to understanding of essence of formation (G.L.Budinajte, V.I.Zagvjazinsky, V.P.Zinchenko, T.V.Kornilova, N.D.Nikandrov,

A. V.Seryj, V.A.Slastenin, J.A.Sherkovin, etc.);

- System campaign to studying of process of training (JU.K.Babansky,

B. P.Bespalko, V.A.Slastyonin, etc.);

- dejatelnostnyj the approach to understanding of process of training (h.p. Vygotsky, V.V. Davidov, A.N.Leontev, etc.);

- Theories of development of the person (B.G.Ananev, A.G.Asmolov, h.p. Vygotsky, A.N.Leontev, V.N.Mjasishchev, A.V.Petrovsky, V.A.Petrovskogo, A.A.Rean, S.L.Rubinshtejn, etc.);

- Theories of the maintenance of formation: cultural urological (V.V. Kraevsky, I.J.Lerner, M.N.Skatkin, E.N.Seliverstov, etc.), it is system-dejatelnostnaja (V.S.Lednev), binarno-integrativnaja (L.M.Perminova);

- The ideas revealing a parity between developing possibilities of the general education and the importance of personal potential trained (N.A.Alexey, V.V. Serikov, A.V.farm, I.S.Jakimansky, etc.);

- Theoretical representations about essence of educational tasks and their role in formation of the maintenance of formation (S.M.Bondarenko, L.P.Doblaev, I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.V.Zankov, L.JA.Zorin, A.V.poljakova, D.Tollingerova, A.I.Uman, etc.).

Research methods:

- Theoretical (the theoretical analysis and generalisation of the psychological, pedagogical and methodical literature, modelling);

— Empirical (pedagogical supervision, conversation, testing, pedagogical experiment, generalisation of pedagogical experience, studying of products of uchebno-informative activity trained);

— Mathematical methods of processing of results of research.

Base for research were MOU Kitovsky SSH Shuisky of area of the Ivanovo area, MBOU SOSH № 6 of Vladimir, MBOU SOSH № 54 Chelyabinsk.

Investigation phases:

The first stage (2013-2014) - was carried out the theoretical analysis of the philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature; the problem condition in student teaching was studied: curriculums and a teaching material of school textbooks on mathematics, computer science, Russian about inclusion of the tasks were analyzed, allowing to plan formation of personal results of training of schoolboys. Entrance diagnostics of level sformirovannosti personal results of schoolboys were carried out, the technique of carrying out of pedagogical experiment was developed; requirements to the maintenance and ways of construction of the educational tasks directed on achievement of personal results of pupils were formulated; approaches to allocation of a specific variety of these tasks were developed; funds of the educational tasks which performance provided planned achievement of personal results were developed.

The second stage (2015-2018) - realisation of training experiment, definition of experimental and control classes, carrying out of updating of the maintenance of a teaching material on the basis of addition with its educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results and developed with reference to maintenance of a subject of "Mathematician"; processing of intermediate results of research. The analysis of data of training experiment, a formulation of conclusions about effectiveness of the developed didactic construction tools of the educational tasks which use is capable to provide purposeful formation of personal results of schoolboys in the course of training.

The third stage (2018-2019) - processing and ordering of results of research, a formulation of total theoretical generalisations and conclusions; registration of the text of the dissertation.

Scientific novelty of research consists that in it:

— Approaches to expansion of scientific representations about kinds and pedagogical possibilities of educational tasks in aspect of their aiming at formation of personal results of training of schoolboys are proved; unlike the previous works devoted to various aspects of consideration of educational tasks (I.J.Lerner, D.Tollingerova, A.I.Uman, etc.), is put and solved a problem of allocation, a substantiation and the description of pedagogical possibilities and ways of designing of a new kind of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training;

- On the basis of judgement of psychological mechanisms of finding and their displays are defined by the person of personal characteristics of the requirement to construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of schoolboys;

- Ways of perfection of the maintenance of a teaching material by means of introduction in its structure of the educational tasks focused on achievement by schoolboys of personal results as planned results of training are revealed and theoretically proved;

- Pedagogical principles of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training are formulated;

- Are defined kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation sformirovannosti of personal results of schoolboys;

- Funds of the educational tasks, which inclusion in educational process are developed at training to the mathematician provides purposeful formation at schoolboys of personal results of training.

The theoretical importance of research consists that in it:

- Didactic representations about qualitative heterogeneity of educational tasks by means of a substantiation of their new kind - the tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training are enriched;

- The essence is revealed and the concept maintenance «the educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training» that expands conceptually-terminological system of didactics is proved;

- Ordering of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training which, on the basis of revealing of their pedagogical possibilities concerning formation of various aspects of personal experience of schoolboys, promotes the further differentiation of the given scientific concept by means of deepening of representations about its volume is offered;

- To inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, the approach is presented to the teaching material maintenance, bringing contribution to development of the theory of the maintenance of formation, deepening scientific representations about ways of the organisation of a teaching material as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training.

The practical importance of research consists that:

- The revealed approaches to selection and construction of educational tasks can be used authors of textbooks for the purpose of perfection of the organisation of a teaching material in textbooks with orientation to requirements FGOS Open Company;

- Use of the basic conclusions and results of research in practice of school training will promote formation improvement of quality in aspect of achievement of personal results of pupils as planned results of training;

- Application in practice of school training of the educational tasks developed in research will promote increase of efficiency of training to the mathematics concerning achievement of personal results.

The personal contribution of the author to research consists in a choice and a theoretical substantiation of a problem and a research plan; in introduction and disclosing of the maintenance of concept «the educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training»; in the characteristic of didactic means which define approaches to construction of the educational tasks providing achievement of personal results of training; in allocation of kinds and in creation of funds of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training on the basis of formulated base didactic principles of their construction; in definition kriterialnyh characteristics of achievement of personal results of schoolboys; in carrying out of skilled-experimental work; in quantitative and qualitative processing of results of research.

Reliability of scientific positions and conclusions is provided with a support on fundamental theories and modern scientific positions of psychology and pedagogics; complex use of the theoretical and empirical methods adequate to the purpose and research problems; carrying out opytnoyoeksperimentalnoj works which is characterised by stability of results confirming a hypothesis and the statistical importance of the conclusions made on this basis.

The substantive provisions which are taken out on protection:

1. The educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training, is an effective pedagogical means of formation of personal results of training. This concept differs a polysemy caused by idea of unity of the substantial and remedial parties of training that puts forward necessity of consideration of the educational task at level of the project of the maintenance of formation and at level of realisation of this project in practice of process of training.

At level of the project of the maintenance of formation the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of training, represents itself as the form of the organisation of the maintenance of the teaching material, providing function of planning of personal development trained, and is understood as a way of fixing of personal results of training as a part of the teaching material maintenance which development will lead to their guaranteed achievement. At level of realisation of the maintenance of formation, during realisation of process of training, the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of training, acts in a role of the special instruction (requirement) which function consists in the decision of problems of personal development trained according to the chosen purposes, and is understood as the requirement to make some actions in the set situation which motivates trained to situation experience, to search of sense of acquired knowledge, to self-determination in knowledge in the course of that choice, that it is necessary to make how to make, what conditions to observe, in what form to present result.

The structure of the educational task is presented in unity of three components: the first - the description of a vital situation or a historic fact which cause experiences and become lichnostno significant for trained; the second - the subject maintenance included in a context of such description; the third - the questions (requirements) stimulating of internal communications trained to an establishment of a vital situation (historic fact) with the subject maintenance for development of any position or acceptances of any decision.

2. Construction of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results, is carried out on the basis of the special requirements fixed in the maintenance of following base didactic principles: a principle of a tsennostno-semantic orientation of the maintenance of tasks; a principle valuable kollizijnosti maintenances of tasks; a principle of the account of age features of formation of the person; a principle of a specific variety of tasks concerning completeness of coverage of all base set of personal results of training.

3. According to representation about qualitative heterogeneity of personal results of training in the conditions of the basic school it is expedient to allocate following kinds of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training: tasks for inclusions of schoolboys in the socially-significant creative informative activity having kulturosozidatelnyj character; tasks for a variety of kinds of the informative activity, entering it in a context of ability to live of schoolboys; tasks for necessity of social interaction of schoolboys with each other and with other subjects in the course of training; tasks for formation at schoolboys of experience of a reflexion in informative activity; tasks of a tsennostno-semantic orientation; tasks for development at schoolboys of the critical relation to the maintenance of the task and to the form of its presentation; tasks with absence of borders in search and a choice of ways of their performance.

4. Kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation sformirovannosti of personal results of training, are presented quantitative both qualitative by criteria and their indicators, and also diagnostic techniques.

The qualitative criterion characterises dynamics of personal results on following indicators: the characteristic of motives of the doctrine defining quality of their subject position in knowledge (it is estimated by M.I.Lukjanovoj's technique); readiness for a reflexion and a self-reflexion of a course and results of knowledge (it is estimated by A.V.Karpova's technique); expressiveness degree tsennostnoyosmyslovoj positions in knowledge (it is estimated by P.V.Stepanova's technique and results of supervision).

The quantitative criterion characterises dynamics of progress on the following indicators: quantity trained at which the mean score on all subjects has reached low (a mark «3»), an average (a mark «4») and high (a mark «5») progress levels (it is estimated by a calculation technique
Mean score); an average index obuchennosti in a class (it is estimated by V.P.Simonov's technique).

5. Inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, in the teaching material maintenance is carried out by means of use of set of the didactic means assuming: a specific variety of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training; didactic principles of their construction; kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation sformirovannosti of personal results of training.

Effectiveness of the given complex of didactic means is proved in the course of a theoretical substantiation, and also results opytnoyoeksperimentalnoj works which is characterised by stability of results confirming a hypothesis and the statistical importance of the conclusions made on this basis.

Approbation of results of research was carried out at scientific conferences of the faculty and post-graduate students of the Vladimir state university (2013-2019); at the international scientific-theoretical conference «the Maintenance and methods of updated formation: development of a creative heritage of I.J.Lernera» (Vladimir-Moscow, 2017) ; On symposiums on an educational robotics of the International festival of a robotics "Robofinist" (St.-Petersburg 2017, 2018); at the international competition of post-graduate students (within the limits of requirements FGOS) UNIVERCITY KNOWLEDGE-2017 (1 place); at the international competition of post-graduate students Discovery Scince: UNIVERCITY-2018 (3 place); in design session «the Accessible additional education of children in the Tyumen area» (Tyumen, 2018); in the course of carrying out of seminars and vebinarov for teachers, heads of methodical associations of of Vladimir and area on a theme «the Educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training of schoolboys»; in the course of preparation and carrying out of Inter-regional network telecommunication projects for schoolboys; through the publication of materials on a research theme.

The structure and volume of dissertational work includes the introduction, two heads, the conclusion, the list of the literature, the appendix. Volume of dissertational work - 134 pages, including 12 diagrammes and 18 tables, in addition - 5 appendices. The literature list includes 137 sources.

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A source: BELJAEVA Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. the EDUCATIONAL TASK AS PEDAGOGICAL MEANS of ACHIEVEMENT of PERSONAL RESULTS of TRAINING At the BASIC SCHOOL. The dissertation AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Tver - 2019. 2019

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