use of resources of a network the Internet for formation key educational kompetentsy senior pupils

Prompt penetration of information technologies into all spheres of a public life causes of specification of forms and methods of training from the point of view of conformity to their developed realities.

Changes occurring in a modern society incontestably shows what to acquire to the person of knowledge for all life it is impossible - them it is necessary to search, update, process, comprehend, extend, apply all life in all fields of activity.

Occurrence of a network the Internet and the growth which has followed it of all kinds of information production, increase in communicative possibilities at the expense of occurrence of social networks (Facebook, VKontakte, Twitter, LiveJournal, etc.) have changed mankind representations about kinds, forms, speeds of dialogue, have created the big number of new trades in sphere as actually the Internet and IT technologies, and in where these new tools (various kinds so-called freelance, remote employment, start-up and many other things) are used. On the other hand, the new technologies introduced in daily human life, actual today projects of "the electronic government», have forced everyone
The person to some extent to face Internet resources and their potential. At once we will notice, that the concept «pedagogical potential of educational resources» in work is treated as a reserve for increase of efficiency of formation and education [113; 103; 196].

Creation of a global network of information services has caused change and school educational space, has given the big possibilities to school on formation IkT-kompetentsy within the limits of sated information [12 environment. For this reason in a pedagogical discourse the question is actively discussed how as much as possible effectively to use Internet resources in training at formation key educational kompetentsy.

To the Internet - to resources in noted by us already earlier

The basic document «Strategy of modernisation of the maintenance of the general education» are carried:

- System software, as a rule, delivered with the hardware necessary for work of the equipment;

- Software of a general purpose which give the chance to work with all types of information, in particular to create and pack text and hypermultimedia-compositions, presentations, informatsionnoyospravochnye files and to place them on the Internet; they are adjoined more narrowly by specialised industrial software and their educational variants allowing a message at school educational analogues of such kinds of activity, as designing, video-tape editing etc.;

- Information sources - the organised information files - encyclopaedias on computer disks, information sites and search systems of the Internet, including specialised for educational applications. The special role among information resources is played by computer catalogues vnekompjuternyh resources, for example the libraries, the published educational literature etc.;

- The virtual designers, allowing to create evident and symbolical imitating models of a mathematical and physical reality and to make experiments with these models;

- The training apparatus, allowing to fulfil automatic skills of work with information objects - input of the text, operating with graphic objects on the screen and so forth, written and oral communications in the virtual language environment;

- The test environments allowing authors of training courses and to teachers to design and apply concrete test tasks and systems in which the pupil in full or in part receives the task through the computer, and the result of performance of the task also is in full or in part estimated by the computer; the estimation is used in work as the pupil or the teacher;

- The industrial and educational programming languages, allowing to receive a practical reinforcement in studying of mathematical computer science;

- Complex training packages (remote training courses) - the software to the greatest degree automating educational process in its traditional forms, but limiting independence of actions of the teacher and the pupil;

- The information-administrative systems providing passage of information streams between all participants of educational process: pupils, teachers, administration, parents, the public - and the representation of the information most convenient for them, concerning educational process [169].

In a role of Internet resources can act (and to some extent act) any computer information resources, in more exact sense those are the information sources placed in the Network, and also information-administrative systems. In this value the concept "Internet resources" is used in our work. Accordingly,
Internet resources are subdivided by authors on information (being in the substantial plan the cores) and technical (auxiliary) [12, with. 24]. We will characterise their basic features from the point of view of the importance for use in educational process.

The information resources of the Internet taken in aggregate and interrelation, represent its information field. The given phenomenon draws now steadfast attention of experts, including in an education sphere. The Internet space is understood «as the open complete formation which does not have accurate borders, created by co-operating individuals, social groups and the organisations, the incorporated mediated social interrelations and relations by means of communication technologies computer and similar to them and corresponding means of support» [76, with. 101]. The Internet space has a number of the major from the pedagogical point of view of characteristics:

1) an openness - possibility of replenishment of resource base users, its application in independent work and export of elements to other environments;

2) dynamism - the Internet, being a product of collective creativity and cooperation of millions people, develops extremely quickly;

3) absence of geographical borders (language borders remain, but with distribution and perfection of a different sort of translational programs they considerably weaken);

4) set of aspects of interaction; coexistence of the various social groups which are carriers of different interests, co-operating on the basis of formal and informal communications and realising various kinds of joint activity;

5) interactivity - necessity of a feedback, response to messages or the information, level of direct interaction with the environment of the Internet.

The analysis of characteristics of Internet space and specificity of its development of feature allow to define the major tendencies, significant for an education sphere:

1. The general increase in quantity of the information counting on an individual, including the multimedia information (a sound, video). All set of the knowledge developed by mankind for all its history is gradually transferred To the Internet. For educational process it opens really enormous prospects (new possibilities for self-education of teachers, the organisations of educational activity and so forth).

2. Acceleration of the report of the information to the person when representation about news («it changes not that has occurred, and that occurs now»). Information efficiency will allow formation to follow practically level with a science. Studying practically any school subject can be added by acquaintance to the latest opening and inventions in a corresponding science.

3. Strengthening of selectivity of information influence (including through the Internet) on different social classes depending on a sex, age, formations etc. the Given process actively proceeds all last decade. It is necessary to consider, that the differentiation of information influence directly mentions educational and educational process as children and teenagers as information consumers interest very many (from manufacturers of the goods to various political forces), that promotes occurrence in Internet space of the information products specially focused on a children's and youth audience.

4. Occurrence in the subject of possibility quickly to contact another or with group of the subjects who are in any point of globe, for
Developments of a joint line of action (for example, for carrying out fleshmoba), actual deleting of restrictions in interpersonal and group dialogue. Great opportunities in the given relation give intensively developing social networks Facebook, «In contact», "Schoolmates" and so forth

However at the same time development of Internet space and growth of social networks has the negative sides (in particular, can be used extremists for the organisation of mass actions and attraction in the numbers of youth). It is not necessary to underestimate as well other negative aspects. First, it is possible to ascertain change of quality and approaches to the submitted information at the expense of side deleting between the open and confidential, collective and personal, worthy and corrupting (immoral) information. Secondly, this presence in a network the Internet of a considerable quantity of the accessible immoral information that represents today one of the most difficult both widely discussed sotsiokulturnyh and pedagogical problems (including at level of possible political and socially-legal decisions, technical restrictions).

Information resources of the Internet which can be used in educational activity, are extremely various. In the general view it is possible to allocate following kinds of resources.

1. Internet representations of official state bodies, commercial structures, and also various organisations «third sector» (public associations and so forth). Distinctive line of the given kind of resources is that their founders carry out the basic activity out of the Internet, and the representation in the Network is opened mainly for the purpose of informing on this activity. Sites of information support of any concrete projects created by listed structures also concern this group (for example, an official information portal of Uniform graduation examination:
http://www.ege.edu.ru/or the Site of support of working out Federal state educational стандарта:http://standart.edu.ru/).

The given resources are extremely important for teachers and managers as suppliers of the fresh information on innovations in educational sphere. However frequently this information is very important and for senior pupils (especially in connection with EGE). For educational process also great value Internet representations of museums, libraries, publishing houses and the bookshops have, containing computer catalogues vnekompjuternyh the resources, for example published educational literature, computer disks, visual aids, etc.

2. The universal information resources which are setting as the purpose granting of information services in the most various subjects. Them concern:

- Mass media of universal character (as Internet representations of traditional mass-media, and actually the Internet - of mass-media, for example Лента.ру:https://lenta.ru/and Газета.ру:https://www.gazeta.ru/; however, many traditional mass-media move the information activity to the Network so borders between traditional and nonconventional mass-media are erased) more and more;

- Universal encyclopaedias and directories, among which in the present

Time in a Runet the most appreciable place occupy Vikipedija (English Wikipedia, the address Russian Vikipedii: http://ru.wikipedia.org); the multilingual

The popular freely extended encyclopaedia, and online - the encyclopaedia "Krugosvet" (http://www.krugosvet.ru/); here concern various a selection from dictionaries and encyclopaedias, extremely user-friendly (for example, Dictionaries and encyclopaedias on the Academician: http://dic.academic.ru/and Yandex-slovari:http://slovari.yandex.ru/);

- Universal text-through electronic libraries - today phenomenon rather extended in a Runet, and even those from them which are guided by the mass reader and offer mainly
The art and entertaining literature, scientific and popular scientific works publish many; it it is possible to tell about such popular libraries, as Maxim Moshkov's Library (http://lib.ru/), electronic library Aldebaran (http://www.aldebaran.ru/), library FictionBook.lib (http://www.fictionbook.ru/), etc.

3. Thematic information resources - the most extensive and various section of the Internet which includes:

- Specialised mass media (for example,

Popular scientifically-educational magazine "Scepticism":


- Thematic text-through electronic libraries, and subjects can be as very wide (for example, library "Гумер" - http://www. The big public attention (library on Катыни:http://katynbooks.ru/) gumer.info/-specialises on humanitarian knowledge as a whole), and enough narrow, connected with any private, very concrete question, but, as a rule, drawing;

- Resources of design character, napolnjaemost which depends

Exclusively from the purposes of authors of projects also can fluctuate in the widest limits: it and the whole branch of scientific knowledge (a portal

χpoнoС:http://www.hrono.ru/, for example, it is devoted history, contains the extensive case of biographic sketches, has library, a set of historical sources, genealogical tables, a number of dictionaries, methodical workings out and author's articles, and also it is accompanied by several affiliated projects); it also huge set of projects on concrete questions.

Technically resources of design character also are extremely various and include not only portals and sites, but also thematic forums, blogs, groups «In contact» and so forth As a rule, large and successfully developing resources of design character get own text-through thematic electronic library, photo - collections
And video images, references, a forum, blogs and so forth (see, for example, a site of "an evolution Problem»:http://www.evolbiol.ru/).

Among set of thematic information resources what are focused - in this or that form - on educational process first of all are of interest for us. Among them as the cores it is possible to allocate:

The federal, regional and local educational resources created at the state participation to render to educational process Internet support;, first of all, federal base information resources for the general education, containing an extensive file of the diversified information - from standard documents to electronic educational modules and images (it is important, that this information is selected and checked up, including from the scientific and ethical points of view) here concern;

Various educational projects of public organisations and the private persons, focused on work with teachers, schoolboys and other participants of educational process (for example, the Orthodox educational portal "Word":http://www.portal-slovo.ru/or the Social council project «Lessons of the ninetieth», the declared which purpose - «the information, methodological and organizational help to teachers of public disciplines of average and higher educational institutions in preparation and carrying out of lessons, lectures and seminars on the newest history of Russia»:http://www.uroki90.ru/);

Network associations of teachers, managers, schoolboys and so forth, the pursuing educational aims; among them it is possible to name, for example, the Portal of "the All-Russia Internet teachers' meeting» (http://pedsovet.org/) or «the Network of creative teachers» (http://it-n.ru/), created at support of corporation Microsoft to give the chance to teachers to communicate and communicate and materials on use of information and communication technologies in formation inside
The country and behind its limits; associations of schoolboys are extended «In contact», however is far not always their activity is useful to formation (it is a question, for example, about associations for the purpose of an exchange of answers for control tasks);

The courses of remote training placed on domestic educational servers (for various models of remote training), courses and programs for self-education, web quests (problem tasks with elements of role game for which performance information resources of the Internet are used), the training Olympic Games and quizes, various electronic appendices to textbooks, packages of tasks, etc. Quality of resources of the given group varies in very wide limits;

Collections and banks of ready abstracts, course works, diplomas, dissertations and so forth; the given resources (paid and free) quite often contain the bad extremely quality production which, however, is in demand at a part of schoolboys.

The undertaken analysis of groups of information resources (table 1) allows to compare them with possibilities of influence on formation key educational kompetentsy trained.

Table 1

Groups of information resources and their influence on formation key educational kompetentsy the trained

Groups Subgroups Examples of sites The maintenance Formed key educational the competence
The Internet - EGE EGE Rules, the schedule and procedure of carrying out EGE. The description of types of tasks. News EGE. The catalogue UchebnoYOpoznavatelnaja.

Demonstration tasks. A forum. Contacts.
Portals of museums «Museums

Russia »

The short review of museums of the world. A photo gallery of expositions. UchebnoYOpoznavatelnaja; kulturnoyodosugovaja.
Universal information resources The Internet-smi «Lentaru»

«The newspaper ru»

The information on events in Russia and the world. UchebnoYOpoznavatelnaja; sotsialnoyopoliticheskaja; sotsialnoyotrudovaja.
Encyclopaedias "Vikipedija" The free encyclopaedia about everything, created by volunteers. UchebnoYOpoznavatelnaja; sotsialnoyopoliticheskaja;

kulturnoyodosugovaja; sotsialnoyotrudovaja.

"Krugosvet" Illustrations, articles on themes "Nature",

"Population", "Political system", "Economy", «the Society and culture», "History".

«Round light» Help materials about the world countries, the seas, oceans, large cities, historical persons.
Spravochn iki and dictionaries «Yandex - the dictionary» The information on a writing, interpretation and word etymology. The educational

The informative.

The thematic Libraries «Maxim Moshkov's library» Classical and

The modern, Russian and foreign literature,

Teaching materials, humour.

UchebnoYOpoznavatelnaja; kulturnoyodosugovaja;

"Gumer" Books and articles on the humanities

(History, religion,

Philosophy, psychology,

Culture, sociology, etc.).



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