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1.2.2. A role of emotions in the course of adaptation to cerebration

In the course of training in high school on each student it is literally obrushivayoetsja an information stream. Allocation of signals for bracing n possibilities of the subsequent reproduction is defined by selection of the information from its stream io to importance parametre - novelty and emotsiogennosti.

Allocation of signals for bracing is defined by a choice of the information from big poyotoka on such parametre, as novelty. The new information quickly zapominayoetsja, well is reproduced, but also is quickly forgotten, if does not carry priyoznaka emotsiogennosti.

The emotions worried by the person, always cause physiological changes in its organism. At the person, worrying emotion, it is possible zayofiksirovat change of electric activity of face muscles (Rusalowa e.a., 1975; Schwartz e.a., 1975). The sensitive indicator emotional reyoaktsy is electric activity of a skin (L.L.Aldsrsons, 1985, 1989; F.B.Berezin. 1988; Bases..., 1997; S.L.Kotelnikov and co-workers., 2000; Towles e.a., 2000; Solm e.a., 2001). Changes are observed and in electric akyotivnosti a brain, in functioning of vascular and respiratory systems (P.V.Simonov, 1975).

Emotions provide motivation type, the big variability poveyodenija. Necessary for successful interaction of the individual with environment and for successful adaptation. They render immediate vlijayonie on quality of activity carried out by the person - its works, study. Emotions are necessary to nanosecond only for memory of external world events, but also for its immediate reflexion, possibilities urgently to react to these events, bystroju findings of an exit from an unfamiliar situation. In these cases of emotion define behaviour. But the role of emotions is not limited to their external implications and mobilisation of power resources, it skayozyvaetsja and concerning mobilisation of a wide range of adaptive programs for the purpose of possible use already available for emergency adaita -

tsii. Besides, occurrence of emotional reactions will give to an organism noyovye reaction forms.

Plutchik (1980) has surveyed emotions as an adaptation agent. It opredeyoljaet emotion as the complex somatic reaction interfaced with konyokretnym by adaptive biological process, the general for all live oryoganizmov. In its opinion, each emotion corresponds defined fi -

. ziologichesky and a behavioural complex. It is possible to allocate two biologiche - _ skie systems which serve work of emotional system chelove -

• ka. It is reticular system of a brainstem, retulirujushchaja changes of level of neural activity, and it is independent innerviruemaja vistseralno - the endocrine system supervising hormonal secretion, a warm rhythm, frequency of breath, etc. Influence of any emotion wears generalizovanyonyj character. To influence of emotion on an organism testifies spetsificheyosky the response to emotion cardiovascular, respiratory and others funkyotsionalnyh systems.

Results of researches of K.I.Izarda (1980) about interaction of emotions and developments of the person allow to assume, that is necessary to consider influence of a heredity on an emotional warehouse of the person and indipidu -

, alnyj experience and training in that part which concerns emotional sphere. Interaction geneticheskoju and external factors leads for -

• mirovaniju distinct personal characteristics.

Insufficient influence of the emotional it is irritable causes inactivity which speaks low activity snmpatoadrsnalovoj systems. Thus the person cannot be adjusted for work, makes a considerable quantity of errors. At optimum INFLUENCE of EMOTIONAL factors there is a moderate activation snmpatoadrsnalovoj systems, vozyonikaet an availability for service condition. Excessive influence psihoemotsioyonalnyh factors can cause a condition psychological perenayoprjazhenija (R.M.Baevsky and co-workers., 2001). At young men (17-21 years) consider students Prctorius P.S., Malan N.T., lluisman H.W. (1990), emotsionalyo
nyj the stress can cause larger pressornyj effect, than physical nayogruzka.

The reasons of psychoemotional stress of a social dominance at students are:

- At first-year students - residing at a hostel, absence mezhlichnoyostnyh contacts, conflicts the teacher - the student, the student - educational group;

- At undergraduates - private life problems, household and materialyonye difficulties, pavor of unemployment, conflicts in family relations (O.I.Moskovchenko, 1999).

For each sort of activity as consider Zybkoven L.E., Navakagi - kjan A.O. (1983) and Simonov P. V (1975), is necessary a certain optimum of an emotional pressure at which organism reactions appear the most perfect and effective. Navakaikjan A.O. and Kryzhanovyosky V.V. (1979) consider, that emotional activation is neobhodiyomym a link at the decision of subjectively difficult ideational problems. EmoYOtsii act in a role of the organizer purposeful mental dejatelyonosti though activation presence still the nanosecond guarantees achievement true reyozultata. In the conditions of the decision of these problems implications of emotions are among others changes of electric activity of a skin and pulse, ukazyyovajushchie on excitation of sympathetic department vegetative nervous sisyotemy. Change of arterial pressure testifies To it in ekspeyorimentah K.V.Sudakova and its co-authors (1990, 2002). The mental work demanding the decision of new problems, includes the mechanism causing through limbiko-retikuljarnuju system rising of level of readiness for action and facilitating fulfilment etoju of action. Here great value specific features of the person and its condition in work - level bodraiovanija, сіеиени uneasiness have, motivations (A.O.Navakatikjan, V.V. Kryzhanovskaja, 1979).

І Ісихофизиологнческие Izarda K.E.'s researches (2002) have found out.

That long and intensive emotion is accompanied by some poyovysheniem frequencies of warm reductions. There are data, svidetelstyovujushchie about asymmetrical activation of hemispheres of a brain at negayotivnyh or positive emotions. At negative emotion raises akyotivnost the right hemisphere, while at positive emotion - levoyogo.

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A source: GAVRILOVA Irina Nikolaevna. VEGETATIVE IMPLICATIONS of REACTIONS of URGENT And LONG-TERM ADAPTATION of STUDENTS To CONDITIONS of EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Biol.Sci. Perm. 2007

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