§ 4. Gnosticism problems in the newest history of politiko-legal doctrines

Except such visible doctrines as a freemasonry and illjuminizm, it is necessary to mention one more politiko-legal mystical doctrine gnosticheskogo sense - the Rose and Cross Brotherhood. Simultaneous occurrence in XVII century of the Brotherhood of the Rose and a Cross impregnated with pious theosophy of Christian character, but absolutely antipapal (to be exact, Antijesuit) and a Protestant orientation forces to reflect on communication rozenkrejtserov, illjuminatov and masons.

So, for example, 18th degree of dedication of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish charter, no less than 7th degree of dedication of the French charter in a freemasonry, is called «Supreme Prince Rozenkrejtserov».

On the other hand, Valentine Andrea's basic texts, outstanding rozenkrejtsera, and in particular - «Fama Fraternitatis» or «Revelations of the Brotherhood of Highly respected Award RC» specifies in activity of Jesuits: «Auch einer kurtzen Responsion von des Herrn Haselmayern gestellet, welcher desswegen von den Jesuitern is gefanglich eingezogen» [192]. This manifesto condemns in affairs wordly and spiritual Rome, namely - the papal power, both spiritual, and political. Having broken idea of the Sacred throne as saving power of Church on the earth, the following work of an award - «Confessio Fraternitatis», («a brotherhood Confession»), preaches necessity of updating of the person and approves, that the Rose and Cross Brotherhood owns secrets of the philosophy necessary for such updating. Addressees «Confessions...» - «the loved Sciences and True selectors», that rather reminds titles which named each other gnostiki-pneumatic.

Communication rozenkrejtserov and illjuminatov becomes rather obvious if to look at works of their contemporaries. Englishman Elias Eshmol names rozenkrejtserov "educated" or "illjuminatami". [193] Frensis Jejts consolidates both names in one heading «The Rosicrusian Enlightment», and Germany represented rozenkrejtserov as a brotherhood of "devoted": “.in Germany, the Rosicrucian“ Fama ”was to present the Brothers R.C. as the fraternity of illuminati, as a band of learnt men joined together in brotherly love. [194]”

According to Robinsona, rozenkrejtsery were a freemasonry substitute, having let in in Masonic circles «religious madness». Here we see, that the apologists of a freemasonry supporting protection of symbols Hirama from невежіства of crowd, tyranny of a throne and limitation of Papacy, try not to start up in the philosophy any religious attributes, and in mystical circles of Europe the question began to rise even more often: whether are rozenkrejtsery agents of Jesuits and, thereby, the Roman church?

Considering an intense internal and foreign policy situation in France in the beginning of the XX-th century, mood of the Frenchmen who are not trusting in German reparations and fast introduction of armies of Poincare in the Ruhr area, we can pay attention that hidden till a time secret gnosticheskie societies waited for an occasion to give a new push of permanent revolution in France, and also to allow an occasion to Germans not to recognise unloved as the majority of the population the Weimar republic. Eschatological moods in Europe that time have got unknown scope.

The countries which have suffered during the First World War, were on the verge of disorder. Their political modes have reeled, and world revolution began to grow. People began to search again for rescue in individual revelations and secret knowledge. In Europe new secret societies again began to arise. So, at once after November revolution in Germany, the society to Tula the nazi orientation, extolling mystical race ancient ariev, living in the country Tula described Vergiliem in "Eneide" has emerged. The world knowledge mystical by, at dialogue with demons and spirits of ancestors, began to type popularity in circles of intelligency of the educated Europe. The twentieth years of the XX-th century have sustained an impact of ideas of permanent revolution and world destruction, but it was for a short while. The XX-th century for some time has hidden activity gnostikov «the right hand» and has put on the foreground gnosticism of "the left hand».

The hobby of the Russian nobility of the end XIX - the XX-th century beginnings secret societies, spiritism, an occultism and esoterics has led to depreciation [195]

gnosticheskih doctrines as philosophical doctrines, and as gosudarstvennopravovyh doctrines. E.P.Blavatskaya's doctrine did not give anything new neither philosophies, nor to the right, neither political science, nor theosophy. Nikolay's dedication II in an award martinistov directly mason and martinistom Papjusom with which the emperor long time communicated is not excluded. [196] it is necessary to notice, that in case of presence at Nikolay II degrees of dedication, it is possible to approve, that the emperor has up to the end done the duty in quality ezotericheskogo the knight and has courageously sustained events of 1917-1918. [197 [198] October revolution of 1917 in Russia has forbidden activity of secret orders. Masons, martinistov and rozenkrejtserov the All-Russia extreme commission on struggle against counterrevolution and sabotage at Council of national commissioners consistently pursued, the National commissariat of internal affairs and the State political management at it.

As a result of activity of retaliatory bodies of the Third Reich was lost from 80 000 to 200 000 masons to what materials of Central administrative board of imperial safety testify. Freemasonry views on state law have been incompatible with a nazi mode in this connection the coexistence of Masonic and nazi ideology on occupied territories was impossible. From a nazi mode have suffered as well martinisty, whose activity has been barred in Germany, and martinisty, as well as masons, went in concentration camp. [199]

The XX-th century as it has already been told, has put in the forefront in a public and political life various gnosticheskie movements of "the left hand». Moreover, not traditional positivistic currents of Christianity and a gnosticism current, and struggle of the gnosticism which is starting with negative kreatsionizma, and gnosticism of the right hand were the basic contradictory currents. Gnostiki «the left hand», practically disappeared after reprisals from medieval inquisition and award dissolution illjuminatov, again have appeared on state-legal arena in the form of two doctrines, played the pivotal role in XX-th century history: nazism and communism.

Despite various installations and external neshozhest, S.I.Yeremeyev names their phenomena of one order. In gnosticism history there are many examples of coexistence of two theories in one doctrine. One had ekzoterichesky character and intended for everything, the second was known only by few elite, and it carried ezoterichesky character. « Thus, the declarations proclaimed with gaining in strength doctrines carried ekzoterichesky character. Essence of both mentioned currents the general and as a matter of fact gnosticheskaja. Their founders (teachers, leaders) declared "knowledge" which has dawned them — absolute and definitive, applicable by all epoch and all people, peremptory and not recognising dialectics even if in public declarations other is declared »[200 [201]. All other doctrines which are distinct from this knowledge, appeared false, and them lozhnost resulted not so much because of errors, or ignorances how many showed intrigues of forces of harm (capitalism, a freemasonry or"criminal"races). An essence of supernatural knowledge, leaders applied for possession which, was reduced to that the existing world is disgusting and will inevitably be lost, or deserves destruction.

«Rise, prokljatem zaklejmyonnyj,

All world hungry and slaves!

Our reason the indignant And mortal fight boils to lead is ready.

nasilja we will destroy all world

To osnovanja, and then

We ours, we will construct the new world, —

Who was anything, that becomes all ».

The text "Internatsionala" in A.J.Kotsa's transfer, a hymn of the USSR with 1922 on 1944, visually confirms intention to destroy the old world that corresponds gnosticheskoj to tradition. Even more infernalno transfer "Internatsionala" V.Graevskim and K.Majskim in whom destruction of the world to a condition of a non-existence (anything) and construction of the new world from anything, among other things, is formulated sounds:

«Rise, prokljatem zaklejmyonnyj,

Hungry, oppressed ljud!

Our reason — a crater heated,

Streams of a lava will fill in the world.

Forcing down the past fetters,

Slaves will rise, and then the World will be changed in a basis:

Now anything — we become all! »[202]

Eric Fyogelin also marks similarity between ancient gnosticism and political theories of a modernism, in particular communism and nazism. It has defined a root gnosticheskogo an impulse as estrangement, feeling otdelennosti from a society and belief that this estrangement is result of perversity inherent in the world. Estrangement has two properties. The first - that harm inherent in the world can be overcome supernatural revelation, understanding or knowledge (gnozisom) which itself Fyogelin named «gnosticheskoj gamble on Fyogelinu». The second is an aspiration to realise a policy for carrying out during a life of such "gamble", to embody Eshaton, i.e. to create some kind of paradise on the earth in history.

According to Fyogelinu, gnostiki really deny Christian eshatologiju and replace with its human form of rescue through ezotericheskie rituals or experts.

The basic sign characterising the doctrine as gnosticheskoe, on Fyogelinu, postulation of is that the world and mankind can be radically transformed and advanced through intervention of the selected group of people (elite), cheloveko-gods, superpeople (Ubermensch), which are selected to own special knowledge (magic or a science) to improve human existence).

Such representation differs from concept of expiation, that is reconciliation human with the divine. Therefore the Marxism is defined Fyogelinom as gnosticheskoe the doctrine as it assumes, that the ideal society on the earth can be established once and for all through overthrow of capitalism and an establishment of dictatorship of proletariat. Similarly, the nazism is considered as gnosticheskoe the doctrine as it assumes achievement of a Utopia of racial cleanliness as soon as «the higher race» will be released from «rasovo defective». As a result, at achievement of a utopian ideal, interests of the majority are not considered, a consequence of that is mass compulsion and terror. [203]

«The elite can be rescued only: in one case proletarians, rukovodimye"made"- party leaders, in the second - Aryans, too rukovodimye"perfect"leaders of the Reich. Rescued pleasure in Plerome which as a result of scientific revolution has moved from spirit area on the earth under names of" world communism ", or" a thousand-year Reich "expects.

There, where there is a "selected" minority, occurrence "nedochelovekov", people of "the second grade" is inevitable. And as they, besides, a part of the hostile and malicious world any morals in relation to them — are absurd. Both the Bolshevism, and nazism "have cancelled" morals. Mass destruction doomed, under a certain corner of sight, can even seem the humanism certificate. Really, their world will be lost and, probably, its  destruction will be awful (communication between "we, on a grief all burzhujam is traced, a world fire we will inflate" with "a world fire" stoikov,

Apprehended this idea at gnostitsizirujushchih Pythagoreans) whether so is better to relieve unfortunate of sufferings, having offered them (violently, certainly, for they not only are malicious, but also are silly, and the happiness do not understand) "easy" death in


To the gas chamber? »

Metaphysical installations of communism and nazism differ nenamnogo. The total materialism to which the communistic ideology refers is the panegoism reduced to level magizma. If a matter — everything it simply is not present, as it, not having itself of other, nevydelima and as concept it is senseless. The nazism searched to itself for a support in esoterics, and in particular, in drevnegermanskoj demonologii more frankly.

S.I.Yeremeyev approves, that the Bolshevism and nazism were totalitarian and have created totalitarian societies not because of their many general lines, and owing to them gnosticheskoj installations. Split and heterodoxy in party elite was the main danger to both of them. Frequent shifts of shots in party structures and «night of long knifes» were a consequence of it. For similar structures, according to S.I.Yeremeyev, two variants of the politiko-legal device are possible only: one "godlike" leader - the guarantor of cleanliness of the doctrine, or split and degeneration owing to disagreements in «divine revelation» doctrines. Finally, radical disagreements also have led to decline of both doctrines.

More close by the XX-th century end the moderate gnosticism again has taken the place on a politiko-legal scene. Liberally-humanistic trends of a freemasonry became a basis for legal reforms of countries of Western Europe and the USA. The set of US presidents and France was masons, men of royal family of Britain belong to number of the free masons, some heads of the states publicly underline the accessory to secret orders (so, [204]

For example, president G abona Ali ben Bongo Ondimba publicly carries the Masonic



To the same condition there is also a Russian freemasonry. In 2008 of the Central Electoral Committee of the Russian Federation has registered the Great Master of the Great Box of Russia Andrey Vladimirovicha Bogdanova as the candidate on a post of the President of Russia. In spite of the fact that the freemasonry does not advertise the activity in the state bodies and the charitable organisations, principles and ideas of a freemasonry again become comprehensible in the Russian society. Decriminalization of many crimes in comparison with the right of RSFSR, commutation of military service, realisation of social guarantees, motherhood support already have found the reflexion in the modern Russian right. In spite of the fact that humanistic and social reforms of the legislation do not testify about them to moderately-gnosticheskoj nature, any is moderate - gnosticheskoe provides humanistic change of world around, including by legal reforms. The basic theses of electoral programme A.V. Bogdanova show possible changes in the Russian legislation in case in the Russian leader there would be a mason:

• Assistance to political and economic rapprochement of Russia and the European Union.

• Propagation and implementation base political, economic and the ethical principles put in pawn in the base of the European Union and reflected in its basic documents.

• Occurrence of Russia in the Schengen zone and maintenance of free movement of Russians across Europe.

• Increase of salaries and pension payments to worthy level according to the European standards.

• Carrying out of army reform. Legalisation of a payoff from service in armies, stage-by-stage transition to professional army. [205]

Toughening of the ecological legislation and responsibility for

Ecological crimes.

• Creation of conditions for a comfortable life and integration of invalids into society.

• science and education Reform, active participation in Bolonsky process.

• Development and support of small and average business according to the European practice.

• Struggle against corruption and protection of human rights.

• Maintenance of an original freedom of speech, support of the independent


• Active and consecutive development of a civil society in all its displays. [206]

Irrespectively political estimation of an electoral programme, it is possible to tell, that from the point of view of jurisprudence pre-election statements of the similar program are aimed at social reforms, support of inalienable laws and freedom of the person. The given points of the political program entirely correspond Masonic pravoponimaniju and to tendencies of a humanisation of the right, refusal of war as way of the resolution of disputes, carrying out during a life of morals of an honest work, justice and social protection.

The natural death expressed in inalienable laws and freedom of the person and the citizen, given to it at a birth, was initially a fruit of "inspiration" of philosophers and jurists of an epoch of Education. Natural deaths, concept about which it is put in pawn in each person, lead legal community to comprehension of necessity of application of positions of humanism and protection of the person in a positive law as during the Education epoch, and, in bolshej to degree, today.

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A source: PALJULIN ANTON JUREVICH. IDEAS of the RIGHT And the STATE In GNOSTICHESKY DOCTRINES. The dissertation On competition of a scientific degree of the master of laws. Moscow, 2014. 2014

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