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Conclusions

The carried out research has allowed to draw following conclusions and zakyoljuchenija.

1. As a result of economic and political changes, proizoshedyoshih in Russia for the last 13 years, instead of democratic inherently an effective market economy it was generated economic sisteyoma in which capitalism exists in the deformed kind.

And nakopleyonija the capital mechanisms of an effective competitiveness, market concentration do not work for the most productive firms; there are no stimulus for effective productive use of resources; is not present prozrachyonyh and observed by all corrected economic behaviour. Not sformiyorovalsja in the country and institute of a high-grade private property: the right sobyostvennosti is conditional, derivative and dependent on the political power; actually there are no legal guarantees and mechanisms of judicial protection of the property. The conceptual analysis and attempt of theoretical definition of the Russian capitalism at its present stage in kontekyoste modern lines of national economies and global economic cooperations has shown, that the Russian capitalism in its present kind is deprived the institutsionalno-legal core making main otlichiyotelnuju the characteristic of the modern developed countries, institutes and mehayonizmov civil company.

As a result for economic system in Russia have appeared harakteryonymi such essential defects, as hypertrophied and bolshej chayostju a negative role of a various sort of informal relations in ekonoyomike; a special role of the administrative power in economic otnosheyonijah; system deficiency of trust and narrowing of economic horizons. All is together taken stipulates also zatrudnennost formations of the uniform competitive markets in national scale. TeoretichesYOki the uniform national market actually breaks up to numerous territorial and branch segments with strong elements monopolyonogo the control from the strongest (including in the administrativyono-political plan) the subject. Segmentation of the markets is accompanied
High level tranzaktsionnyh costs and a slashing effekyotivnosti.

From the point of view of relationships of cause and effect formation in Russia the above described system can be partly co-ordinated with its natural and istoyoricheskim a heritage (availability of large stocks of mineral raw materials and topyoliva, stipulating ease of concentration of a huge part of incomes in the country in hands of narrow group official and business oligarchies; absence of historical tradition of civil company, weakness of all its basic institutes; huge territory and high degree of heterogeneity obshcheyostva; the general economic backwardness, etc.). However not a smaller role sygyorali and subjective factors: errors of the so-called "reformatory" governments. The detailed analysis of possibilities and the restrictions inherent in volume to type of capitalism which has affirmed as Russia on the basis of the Soviet planned system of managing created during 70 years, has shown, that ignoring institutsionalnoj continuity was serious proscheyotom in strategy and tactics of reforms.

2. A consequence ushcherbnosti the Russian capitalism as economic system in a combination to a structural warp of economy in favour of eksporyotno-focused syredobyvajushchih branches is it so nazyvaeyomyj "oligarchical" character — concentration it is disproportionate bolyoshoj shares of financial and administrative resources in hands of several biz - bore-groups, supervising the basic part of production, export and peryovichnoj processings of a toplivno-source of raw materials.

Defining a place of modern social and economic system RosYosii on a world scale of development by application historically-evoljutsion - nogo the approach in system of co-ordinates the centre — periphery, we have established, that today's Russian capitalism is not closed, izoliroyovannoj system — it is included in world capitalist ekonomiyoku, but as the subordinate, its peripheral part. Its development practically entirely depends on mutual relations with a nucleus world hozjajyostva — the developed economy of the West; the mechanism stable samopodder - zhivajushchego growth on own basis in the Russian economy is absent today.

All is together taken allows to define developed on segodnjashyony day in Russia system as peripheral capitalism.

3. The system of peripheral capitalism has internal ustojchivosyotju, it is capable not only to self-reproduction, but also to defined proyogressu. It not only supposes economy growth (relative successes in ekoyonomicheskoj areas the last three-four years can serve that svidetelyostvom), but also is capable to certain self-development, liquidation of "bottlenecks" and putting in order in some crucial spheres and areas.

Through formation of a significant layer of influential people and the groups in one way or another deriving from it considerable personal benefit, the system has received own and besides rather reliable social support.

However this system basically is not capable to reduce backlog of the country from group of world leaders from the point of view of efficiency of economy and blagoyosostojanija the population, and also to supply internal stability. In rezultayote Russia follows the deadlock way conducting to fastening to it it nyneshyonego position of poor and deprived possibility of "catching up" growth of world economic periphery. Moreover, the scenario realised today does practically inevitable loss by the possibility state to mobilise miyonimalno necessary quantity of economic and imperious resources, pozvoyoljajushchee to save unity of the country and the control over its regions.

4. The theoretical analysis of an organic continuity of problems hozjajstvenyonoj and the politiko-cultural modernisation directed on printsipialyonoe overcoming of dangerously negative tendencies of development, has allowed sformuyolirovat the basic lines to the necessary country of economic system:

— Unconditional respect for the rights and freedom, including the right sobyostvennosti;

— Granting of equal starting possibilities to all citizens strayony, i.e. involving in development and country modernisations of all obshcheyostva, and not just one social stratum or separate territories, megayopolisov;

— diversifitsirovannoe use of a wide spectrum proizvodiyotelnyh company resources, first of all the human;

— Ability of dynamical self-development.

It is proved, that the purpose is not simply "market" or economy with doubled gross national product, and the economy socially effective, that is capable to supply deep modernisation and company progress.

5. Proceeding from treatment of modernisation as the purpose economic and social policy it is offered:

— Reforming of the institutes defining conditions funktsioniroyovanija of economy, since judicial system and finishing a financial sector;

— Acceptance of intelligent state strategy of economic development, including a set of priorities (including in the form of the industrial policy) and system engineering of the stimulus necessary for their realisation;

— Line leading under criminal privatisation of 1990th years on the basis of the clear, public compromise issued by the law between grazhyodanami, the power and business;

— Realisation of such current economic policy (makroekonoyomicheskoe regulation) which would supply normal conditions for activity of managing subjects, absence of crisis situations, svjayozannyh with destabilization of those or other markets (commodity, financial, resource).

It is a question of creation of system modern state and obshcheyostvennyh institutes which, on the one hand, would protect legitimate interests of all participants of economic relations, and with other — reguliroyovali economic activity in company, directing it aside efyofektivnogo productive use of available resources.

Priorities as the general, and selective character, including branch (the industrial policy) should reflect strategy ekoyonomicheskogo the developments, allowing to concentrate available ograniyochennye economic resources, first of all investment, for poyovyshenija national competitiveness (a scale effect, direct economy of costs, institutsionalnaja support and so forth).

6. Application of methodology of the institutsionalno-evolutionary theory to research really developed in modern Russia hozjajstvennoyoekonomicheskoj has allowed to formulate systems kriterialnye naprav -
lenija and the contents of reforming of those components of system which among its patrimonial lines are among variable, i.e. giving in suyoshchestvennoj modernisations. Key principles reorganizayotsii are offered activity of so-called natural monopolies, housing-komyomunalnogo economy, tax, customs and financial systems, vkljuyochaja an exchange control.

The interrelation institutsionalnyh reforms and makroekoyonomicheskoj politicians is established. The thesis about a priority institutsionalnyh reforms as maintenance means in the country stable royosta, and also the basic contents necessary macroeconomic reguliyorovanija is formulated and justified. It is offered to aim, in particular, current economic poliyotiku not at exact target reference points (a monetary growth, inflation, balance of trading and current balance, relative parametres of a budget system etc.), and on prevention of swings over and critical situyoatsy, capable to lead to splash in negative expectations. Special znacheyonie it is given thus to social factors and restrictions.

7. To the Russian company to be pulled out from a vicious circle, in kotoyorom it has appeared during transition to market economy, the new public agreement is necessary.

Within centuries the public agreement in Russia carried strictly paternaliyostsky character. From the point of view of an economic theory for us it is important dostiyozhenie by means of the new public agreement of a condition of coordination and dynamic balance in the company, following of the general concept of evoljutsionno-stable strategy in theory games.

The basic line of the public agreement in modern Russian conditions of market economy should become that citizens accept responsibility for own well-being and for well-being svoyoih families while the management limits itself "protektsionistsyokoj" to the activity meaning, that any rights and freedom as grazhdanyoskie, and economic, should be guaranteed the state.

Coming into force of the new public agreement is neobhodiyomoj the precondition modernizatsionnogo ways of development Russian kapitayolizma with the purposes of preservation of the Russian statehood and the country in it nyyoneshnih borders in the XXI-st century.

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A source: Javlinsky Grigory Alekseevich. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEM of Russia And the PROBLEM of ITS MODERNIZATION. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the Doctor of Economics. Moscow - 2005. 2005

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