the Basic results of dissertational research

According to results of research, B.N.Yeltsin's presidency was defined by dominating motive of the power at the developed motive affiliatsii. The post of the head of the state has raised its self-rating, and in the second legislatury has complicated the JA-concept.
Its operational code combined animosities of the political world and optimism, the concrete and global purposes, the low control over events and political will. In rhetoric of the first President of the Russian Federation ideas of equality, moderate patriotism in a combination to cosmopolitism were allocated antietatizm. It lidersky the behaviour type adequately describes style of "propagandist", and in interpersonal relations it proved as the introvert with high level of domination. As has shown research, D.A.Medvedev's presidency showed the developed motive of achievement in a combination to the expressed motive of the power, thus affiliatsija was considerably is lowered. At it the difficult and multidimensional JA-concept in a combination to the high self-rating based on stable internal standards. The operational code in its work as the head of the state was characterised by balance between perception of the political world depending on the characteristic of circumstances - hostile or friendly, reserved optimism, ability to supervise a situation, a spirit on global and long-term objectives. In its rhetoric value of a social equality was seen at respect for individual freedom, etatizm without infringement of the democracy, the developed cosmopolitism in a combination to moderate patriotism. The Lidersky type of behaviour reflected style of "manager" with some lines of "ideologist". In interpersonal relations Medvedev-president proved as the extrovert with high level of domination. By results of the research, three presidential legislatury V.V. Putin are characterised by a motivational profile with enough stable equilibrium of motives of the power and achievement, at high level of motive affiliatsii. In 2011 - 2012 some rising of motive of the power was observed at motive intensifying affiliatsii, that has been bound to a context of an electoral cycle. At the present leader of Russia - many-sided and slozhnostrukturirovannaja the JA-concept, and its self-rating for an operating time on the higher state posts has essentially raised thanks to success of a policy spent by it. Its operational code shows strong-willed qualities, optimism, statement of the global purposes, a friendly spirit to an external world, not excluding implications of reciprocal animosities. In its rhetoric prevails etatizm and patriotism in a combination to ideas of democracy, equality, cosmopolitism, and lidersky the behaviour type reflects style of "manager". In the beginning of the first legislatury to its style of interpersonal relations the introversion was characteristic, but already from the second term of presidential powers it confidently proves as the extrovert, and always shows high enough level of domination. In the third legislatury V.V. Putin intensifying of these features of its style of interpersonal relations is observed. Politiko-biographic comparison of the Russian presidents taps their accessory to three consecutive generations which political socialisation passed in various conditions. B.N.Yeltsin was the representative of generation of politicians to whom the technical education has allowed to promote in regional building branch and administrative hierarchy of the CPSU.
V.V. Putin represents average generation of the politicians, gone through change of the several epoch, possessing ability consistently to build career, not rejecting the past to adapt to circumstances. D. And. Medvedev belongs to generation of the Russian politicians which was generated in global reforms, "Iron Curtain" dismantle, and has had time to apply consistently the forces in a science, business and on civil service. Thus, generational specificity was the essential aspect reflected in execution of a presidential role which on - a miscellaneous was entered in Post-Soviet konstitutsionno-legal, politiko - a cultural and situational context. B.N.Yeltsin played a role of in public selected monarch, making use of the experience of the party official of provincial scale, at first - Ural, then - capital. It has changed the Constitution of the Russian Federation towards intensifying of powers of the head of the state, has spent "shock therapy" in economy and reforms in other spheres, having proclaimed a democratic choice of the country and a guarantee of the rights and freedom of citizens, including a freedom of speech. He had to struggle constantly with procommunistic parliament, thus to lean against West support, paying off with it concessions, and also on media resources of financial oligarchs, considering interests of the last. B.N.Yeltsin changed the cabinet more than five times for eight years. And, if in the first legislatury he explained it the purposes of reforms, during the second - search of the worthy successor. The logic interjection associated with its presidency - well-known here, understand and a colloquial metaphor "flourish", that it used in spontaneous comments to acute political situations 1991 - 1999, quite often appearing their impulsive creator. For half a year before the efflux of the second term he has voluntary retired, konstitutsionno having transferred the power to the head of last government and for ever having left a political scene. Having come to the power, V.V. Putin adhered to a role of the manager working under the contract, leaning on experience of the personnel scout and Petersburg apparatchika the top echelon. It has strengthened an imperious vertical, has framed predicted system of interaction with legislature and the government, has pushed aside financial oligarchs from acceptance of the state decisions and has deprived not consent with its course of the control over the media market. It managed to provide budget filling, to reduce an external debt and to enlarge financial reserves of the country. In its the first legislatury (2000 - 2004) the government structure practically did not vary, and after a victory on elections of 2004 - in it was replaced two technical prime ministers for four years. Ministerial shots have been kept, and the continuity of a course is provided. V.V. Putin has built relations with the western states and has restored cooperation with developing countries on the basis of mutually advantageous partnership. It has strengthened defensibility, economic independence and the international status of Russia. In its spontaneous performances popular citations from the Soviet comedy films and the strong army expressions sounded, capable is intelligible, without politesa speech writers to inform a position of the head of the state both to the journalist, and to the worker. Putin has transferred presidential powers to the successor under the Constitution of the Russian Federation - in certain term and when due hereunder. Itself subsequently has headed the government. D.A.Medvedev in 2008 - played 2012 a role of the high-ranking official with the powers caused by differentiation of spheres of the competence with the prime minister, more influential, than he. The third president leant against the different experience in jurisprudence, formation, business, a state machinery. It has concentrated on foreign policy, modernizatsionnyh initiatives and semantic public majorants, working in a tandem with the head of the government who in a role of the national leader supervised over a social and economic course. The tandem managed to overcome consequences of world financial crisis and to guarantee social payments. Medvedev-president in the developed conditions tried to democratise an election system, legal system, a business environment, to stimulate innovative projects and dialogue with opposition, to update the governor's case, to make the power transparentnoj, to approach it to citizens through modern systems of communications. Through personal diplomacy it has provided warming of relations with the West, development of cooperation of Russia with partners within the limits of the international economic and military-political alliances. As capacious characteristics which it gave to officials, to politicians, leaders of other countries, it used such words, as "sanity" and "adequacy". According to primary arrangements, on termination of term of presidency Medvedev has transferred powers to Putin, having passed on a role of the head of the government. As a result of "castling" in V.V. tandem. Putin in 2012 has returned to model of strong presidency in the strong state, having declared, that the policy is his life. Experience premerstva has professionally enriched it, having shipped in routine of economic affairs and having allowed to go round practically all regions to penetrate into everyday needs of the country. In the beginning of the third legislatury it has emphasised performance of social obligations to citizens, re-equipment of armed forces by modern technics, intensifying of tax discipline, anticorruption measures, deofshorizatsii economy. After protest performances Putin legislatively initiated the control over financial streams from abroad in NKO and regulations of legalisation of not system opposition in political parties and public associations. In the conditions of absence of the state ideology, national idea, increase of household interethnic and interreligious intolerance the President of the Russian Federation defines the political priorities, often using in spontaneous performances of an adverb is accurate","vzveshenno","reliably". Among actual problems: to build the migratory policy, to develop spiritual skrepy societies, to protect traditional values legislatively, to restore teaching of Russian and the literature in the country, allowing to support economic interaction with other states humanitarian public relations. V.P.Putin's going together with external economic, the foreign policy has got in 2012 - 2013 Offensive character that has led to a number of the international successes and popularity of the President of the Russian Federation as one of the most skilled and competent world leaders. So, the comparative analysis of board of B.N.Yeltsin, D.A.Medvedev and V.V. Putin in various contexts of internal policy and the international relations allows to ascertain confidently, that these representatives of three consecutive generations of the Russian leaders, playing a role of the head of the state, have introduced in presidency the individual lines generated during political socialisation and the professional biography. Thus, historical data, biographic data and results of politiko-psychological researches testify that the personal component plays the leading part in presidency development in Russia. Each new leader of the country modifies characteristics of the role, fitting them to the individuality, brings new lines in mechanisms of functioning of the power, in character of interaction with other political leaders and institutes - as to Russia, and abroad. Transformations of a presidential lead occur before our eyes and do continuation of scientific researches in frameworks personologii the Russian presidency to useful and answering inquiries of time.
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