research Methodology.

the reference to a problem of methodological knowledge of the historian as is connected by the integral and defining component of its professionalism with features of development both the most historical community, and mutual relations of the historian, its professional work with the state and a society.
In due time the popular expression has been extended, that historians should study history of ideas, instead of history of people. However the history of political parties, as a rule, begins that there is a person or group of people which offer a society any idea, and if it corresponds to interests of this or that part of a society, round it followers and adherents unite and there is a kernel of the future party. Therefore by not casually methodological basis of research it is chosen tsivilizatsionnyj the approach. It focuses attention to integrity of processes in a society which is caused by action of various integration factors, including the state capable, however, to execute the functional role only at simultaneous action of other uniting components - spiritual culture and economic activities. In historiographic researches use tsivilizatsionnogo the approach allows to consider process of scientific knowledge as caused simultaneously subjective (the person of the author) and objective (sotsiokulturnaja environment) factors though a number of researchers believes, that the model tsivilizatsionnogo the approach to an explanation of historical process is represented logical both natural development and filling formatsionnoj to model in respect of expansion of space of explaining factors, keeping signs linear, instead of cyclic character of progress. So, according to N.B.Selunskoj, tsivilizatsionnyj the approach acts as źenriched and integrated formatsionnaja explanatory model╗, as komplementarnyj "replacing" подход12. Despite some critical orientation of such estimation, use tsivilizatsionnogo the approach has allowed to present with the greatest completeness sotsiokulturnuju an outline of occurring processes, to consider presence of the objective and subjective moments, mikro and the macrofactors affecting for a scientific life. Some foreign and domestic historians consider necessary expansion of a problematics of researches, including historiographic, first of all at the expense of close examination of social problems, inclusion in area of the analysis of people taking into account their moods, beliefs, belief, moral values. They notice, that research pathos of historical anthropology consists in disclosing of the human maintenance of history in all without an exception displays of the public person, and the main thing - in achievement on this basis qualitatively new historical синтеза13. According to M.M.Kroma the istoriko-anthropological approach gives the chance to expand a problematics of researches, to address to the analysis of microhistory, mentality, 10 Selunsky N.B.methodological knowledge and professionalism of the historian// New and newest history. 2004. №4. С.27. 11 Gurevich A.JA. The historian of the end of the XX-th century in search of the method//Odysseus: the Person in history. M, 1996. S.5-10. Daily occurrence, ordinary культуры8. Though some historians notice, that old approaches of the Soviet historiography is frequent mimikrirujut by means of terminology.
For example, V.P.Buldakov believes, that instead of the habitual term źconsciousness of weights╗ researchers willingly and callously operate with concept "mentality". In its opinion, historically the concept "mentality" includes, first of all, logic stereotypes of attitude, characteristic for western sotsiokulturnogo spaces. The historian considers, that in Russia attitude bases are defined more likely by an emotionality which is based, in turn, on ethical imperatives. V.P.Buldakov asserts, that with reference to Russia it is possible to speak only about психоментальности9. In the dissertation we have tried to consider a theme under a corner of social history, using theoretical and applied methods of historiographic research. Use of a principle of a historicism has predetermined studying of the historiographic facts in a context of their historical conditionality. Following this principle, the estimation of concepts or conclusions was carried out in comparison with previous and with each other, and also taking into account the passed historiographic way and the saved up knowledge. In the modern historiographic literature polemic about application of a method of scientific objectivity in historiographic research proceeds. Some authors believe, that scientific objectivity is the purpose, but not a research method. On the other hand, specificity of historiographic works assumes the account of influence on a position of the historian of such factors, as concrete historical conditions in which product is created, reflexion in consciousness of the author of representations and the ideas which are taking place in reality, the social order formulated by the state or a society before a science. In this context use in the given dissertation of a principle of scientific objectivity contacts problems of the full account socially-subjective in a subject of researches and maximum whenever possible bias neutralisation at an estimation and interpretation of the facts. During work following methods have been applied: diskursivnyj, comparative-historical, problemno Chronological, system-structural. For research system-structural and istoriko-anthropological approaches had basic value. First, because the Party of socialists-revolutionaries throughout all period of the existence did not differ ideological and political Solidity and unity of the numbers. Secondly, its studying passed in a certain system context, on the basis of accurately structured scientific and educational institutions. The author used a problemno-chronological method of a statement at which has designated problems which Are represented by the most important, allowing to reveal the main thing. To them are carried: studying of genesis PSR, research of the ideological concept of party, its program, the organisation, number, a social composition, tactics, mutual relation with other parties and the organisations, the reasons of leaving from historical arena. Abundantly clear necessity to show an estimation historians eserovskogo movements in chronological sequence, having concentrated attention to the central moments: occurrence, revolution 1905-1907, The interrevolutionary period, revolution of 1917 and Civil war, period NEPa and emigrations. Certain value in the dissertation is taken away sotsialnopsihologicheskomu to reception of research process. As a rule, subjective predilections of the authors representing different directions of public thought, have influenced definition of the concept of party eserov, persons of its leaders, disclosing of relationships of cause and effect, an estimation of events and a general characteristic at a stage of struggle against autocracy. The next decades the large layer of the domestic historical literature was created in the conditions of constant forcing of ideas of class struggle, animosities to heterodoxy. It not only affected character of creative activity of scientists, but also in many respects formed their psychology that was in turn reflected in their works. The combination of the named methods has allowed to consider a historiography of creation and activity of Party of socialists - of revolutionaries as certain system with all its making and co-operating elements — with creativity of researchers, with activity of the scientific and educational centres, the works appearing at us as the historical phenomena which in turn vzaimoobuslovleny and are interconnected with other historic facts. The scientifically-practical importance of the dissertation consists that its results can be used in scientific work by preparation of the generalising works devoted to history and Historiographies of Party of socialists-revolutionaries, in educational process (preparation of corresponding sections of lecture courses on a historiography of the domestic history, special lecture courses and seminars on the given problematics). The research methodology can be used for studying of a historiography of the Russian political parties and movements. On a theme of the dissertation the author acted with scientific reports and messages on 14 international, All-Russia and Regional conferences in Moscow, Ekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Omsk, Tyumen. 23 articles, including 6 - in the editions recommended VAK are published. Dissertation materials were used by the author in monographies źSocialists in Political life of Urals Mountains (1917-1918) ╗(Tyumen, 2003), źParty of socialists-revolutionaries in 1901-1922: historiography Problems╗ (Tyumen, 2004), in źthe Ural historical encyclopaedia╗ (Ekaterinburg, 2000) and other editions. Research positions are approved in a special course on a party historiography eserov which is read by the author on Faculty of history and political sciences of the Tyumen state university. Research structure. Work consists of the introduction, six heads, the conclusion, the list of the used sources and Literatures, appendices.
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A source: Kononenko, Anatoly Anatolevich. Historiography of the creation and activities of the Socialist Revolutionary Party in the years 1901-1922. / Thesis / Tyumen - 2005. 2005

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