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Sources

Any science - the history, sociology, political science - addresses to sources of the social information, but does it, as a rule, selectively, under a corner of the concrete informative purposes. The key moment of a source study paradigm of methodology of history is the concept of a source as product of purposeful human activity, culture phenomenon.
In turn, it focuses on system studying of sources, on the reference to all object of products of culture (in a broad sense), created in the course of human activity and reflected in itself social, psychological and other aspects of development of a society and the person, the power and the right, morals, motives and stereotypes of human behaviour. As believes O.M.Medushevskaja, «this concept directed, first of all, on studying of primary sources and creatively developing ideas of the interdisciplinary approach to them, creates a basis of complete, system studying of some special problems of historical and political sciences, social psychology and mentality in their specific, always especial, concrete existential conditions» 62. Istochnikovuju the base of the present research is made by historiographic and historical sources. In the dissertation the literature published since 1901 till now, without dependence from a publication place is considered. With a view of creation of fuller picture of process of studying of a problem works of foreign authors are analysed. Under the maintenance and character the involved historiographic sources can be divided into some groups: First, concrete historical researches on history PSR as a whole. Monographies concern this group, the dissertation, articles shining history of Party of socialists - of revolutionaries. The overwhelming majority of the involved works concerns this group. The Research literature became obviously prevailing in all weight of published works only from the middle of 1950th years. Author's and collective monographies, protection candidate and theses for a doctor's degree, carrying out of problem conferences become the habitual phenomenon of a scientific life. The given fact testified and to appreciable expansion of a circle of experts in party history eserov. It is necessary to carry historiographic works of predecessors to the same group (literature reviews in the prologue of historical works, dissertations, articles). As the main criteria at selection of an analyzed material the condition of the general theoretical level of authors, their contribution to working out of studied questions served. Originality of judgements of historians and novelty of concepts put forward by them was considered also. Secondly, the major making steel the publications devoted to separate aspects of a theme. For example, dissertational researches, articles, theses, messages in which private or concrete questions of history of Party of socialists-revolutionaries are considered. Historiographic sources of this group serve basically for approbation of author's judgements and theses, at the same time deeply and full opening narrow questions of a theme. Thirdly, works on history of the Russian political parties - opponents eserov which allow to understand opponents and allies of Party of socialists-revolutionaries to reveal a place and a role eserov in partijno - political structure of the Russian society, to recreate the general background domestic partogeneza.
Long time in the given group of historiographic sources works on communist party history dominated, fundamental, multivolume researches of the theory and Bolshevism practice have been created, biographies of its leaders are published. The cadet, Menshevist, monarchic subjects in researches of the Russian political parties have been presented much more modestly. Last decade it is position has essentially changed as in quantitative, and in a qualitative sense. It is necessary to note especially thereupon the modern researches devoted menshevikam, to Bolsheviks, cadets, right партиям63. Collections of materials of the symposiums organised in 1975, 1979 and 1981 in Kalinin by Scientific council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on a complex problem «History of the Great October socialist revolution», played a considerable role in statement and working out of many questions of history of political parties in Russia are of interest in due time also. For theme disclosing materials of the international and All-Russia conferences spent to 2003-2005 have great value in 73 Omsk. Fourthly, works of the general character on history of Russia XX Century which expand a historical context of a considered problem, form representations about «an epoch fabric». They have appeared during the pre-October period of a domestic historiography and already then carried out function of reconstruction of a cultural life of the country against which the party eserov operated. Otherwise it is possible to characterise the Soviet literature 1920 - the end of 1980th, having distinctions among themselves on a circle of solved questions, width and completeness of use of documents. Fundamental generalising proceedings, encyclopaedias, manuals, author's and collective monographies concern them, candidate and theses for a doctor's degree, articles in which the history of Party of socialists-revolutionaries is stated only in passing. The basic emphasis in these works is made on ascertaining of that revolutions are «the history locomotive», and their heritage consists only of the positive moments: occurrences of party of proletariat, liquidation of autocracy and capitalist operation, improvement of a financial position of workers. This literature is interesting in istochnikovom the plan as contains the numerous facts characterising social and numerical structure of party eserov, strategy and tactics PSR, personal characteristics of heads of socialists-revolutionaries. It is natural, that conclusions and the conclusions of the literature of this period were the general and in advance known. General change of historical priorities in 1990th has visually shown dependence of a historical science on a current conjuncture. Enthusiastic idealisation of the heroic past was replaced it ocherneniem, that, certainly, was reflected and in works of general historical character on history of revolutions and Civil war. Their theoretical level has considerably decreased, instead of deepening of knowledge process of change of poles in estimations of events of the first quarter of XX century has gone though to dramatize a situation it would be wrong. At least, in the conditions of a new methodological situation a number of the general historical works which have become by a historiographic source of the present dissertation, distinguish aspiration to show a political life of the country as difficult and at the same time internally integral, taking into account all its making elements, the phenomenon. Fifthly, the educational and uchebno-methodical literature. This group includes high school and school textbooks on domestic history. In aggregate they form estimations and representations About party eserov at the most mass category of readers — schoolboys and students throughout seventy years. Sixthly, historiographic sources of the dissertation of a steel of work of foreign researchers. They owing to certain specificity (limited basically the memoirs istochnikovaja base, other methodology, absence of external censorship, essentially other approaches - "stabilisation" (traditional) and "revisionist", adherence of some historians of the Euroasian theory which are a substantiation of a special, antiwestern way of development of Russia etc.) Allow to allocate this group of sources in the independent. The first impulse to development western "sovetologii", including the period of revolutions and Civil war in the first quarter of XX century has been set subjective memuaristikoj Russian emigrants. The subsequent splash in interest of the western historians to party eserov has occurred in the mid-fifties Naturally, that in the conditions of "cold" war esery interested experts first of all as the most authoritative political opponent of Bolsheviks in 1917. Thus foreign historians of this party long enough were under influence eserovskih concepts of history of revolutions and Civil war and eserovskih leaders - V.M.Chernova, V.M.Zenzinova, N.D.Avksenteva, published in the USA the memoirs. Bias of interpretation of history of party eserov in the USSR provided certain advantage western "Sovietologists" though also to it it was not possible to avoid apologetics and idealisation of history of socialists-revolutionaries. The greatest contribution to studying of political activity of Party of socialists-revolutionaries has brought O.Radkey. Its numerous works - one of the most considerable achievements of the western historical science about Russian and Soviet history. In parallel with "sovetologiej" to the USA researches successfully develop in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Israel, Finland. So, according to the western and domestic historians of the best for today work about Party of the left socialists-revolutionaries, the monography of German historian L.Hafner64 admits. It contains carefully verified actual material, deep conclusions and originality of judgements. From special works on history eserov the pre-October period it is necessary to allocate works M.Perrie, M.Hildermeier and M.Melanson which characteristic is given in the special chapter. Politically biassed relation to Party of socialists - of revolutionaries during Soviet time promoted deleting of any positive information about eserah. Possibilities of reception of such information have been as much as possible limited. Eserovsky documents and the materials earlier flooding the country, were destroyed. Only one - two copies of documents were left in the largest libraries. Using them has been extremely complicated, as they were stored in so-called "spetshranah", access in which has been limited. The same rigid rules have been entered for using eserovskimi by the materials stored in archives. Any publication eserovskih documents was prohibited. In numerous Soviet publications of documents on history of the Russian revolutions for one of them there was no place. In present time when the public situation has radically changed, possibilities for originally scientific studying of history of party eserov have opened. Issue of such documentary publications, as chetyrehtomnik «Party of socialists-revolutionaries» (M, 1996-2001), the first volume The collection of documents «Party of the left socialists - of revolutionaries» (M, 2000) and an one-volume edition «the Union eserov - Extremists »(M, 2002), reflected the major stages and The basic parties of political activity eserov, is while one of the main historiographic acquisitions of the Post-Soviet period. Composers and commentators of the specified editions of a steel of N.D.Erofeev, J.V.Leontev, D.B.Pavlov. In them levonarodnicheskih the organisations as a result of which merge has arisen PSR, reports of congresses, decisions of the Central Committee and the Party council, the resolution of local party committees, memoirs visible eserovskih figures and the report program materials of a number are included in Department of police of the agent ohranki by E.F.Azefa. Concrete explanatories under each published document are given in corresponding notes. Unfortunately, in the edition there were not presented documents regional eserovskih the organisations, texts of performances of figures of party at congresses of Councils, plenums and sessions VTSIK, in the Constituent assembly etc. The collection of the documents, concerning the organisation and carrying out in Moscow in 1922 of indicative political process over group of members of the Central Committee and active workers PSR deserves special attention and let out in 2002 publishing house ROSSPEN in a series «Archives of the Kremlin». To composers of the collection «Litigation over socialists-revolutionaries (July-August 1922 ) »S.A.Krasilnikovu, K.N.Morozovu, I.V.Chubykinu was possible to pick up the documents opening various aspects of that regular work which throughout a number of years was conducted by the Soviet power for the purpose of destruction and destruction chg Litigation over socialists-revolutionaries (July-August, 1922). M, 2002. The largest party poslerevoljutsionnoj Russia, and also the materials reflecting personal heroism eserovskih of leaders in opposition with a law machine. Attracts attention the big analytical foreword and the vast comment to documents in which the huge additional information on set of the questions lifted in the publication is concluded. The given edition can be an example absolutely new type publikatorskoj works. As a result the reader receives Simultaneously both the documentary publication, and the scientific monography considerably advancing studying of one of the most drama periods in history eserovskoj of party. It is difficult to agree with opinion of some authors, Believing, that in «historiographic research documentary sources posess a supporting role» 65. On the contrary, historical sources form really scientific representation about a studied problematics. They allow to avoid discrepancies, and at times and falsifications of actual material unfairly stated in historical researches. Moreover, the historical source transfers original «spirit of an epoch», «time fabric», Promotes understanding of the true reasons of this or that event. In aggregate historical sources represent materials of documentary character, a personal origin and periodicals materials. In the course of preparation of the dissertation the author used materials of archives: the State archive of the Russian Federation (GARF), the Russian state archive of sociopolitical history (RGASPI), the Russian state archive of the literature and art (RGALI), Department of dissertations of the Russian state library (ODES RGB), Department of manuscripts of the Russian state library (OR RGB), the State archive of the Moscow area (GAMO), the Center of the documentation of public organisations of Sverdlovsk area (TSDOOSO), the State archive of the Tyumen area (GATO), the State archive of the Perm area (GAPO), the International institute of social history (IISH) (Amsterdam). Owing to specificity of work the estimation is given to concrete historical sources directly in heads of the dissertation. In the given case there is a sense to stop only on their general characteristic. Speeches concern the first group of historical sources, performances, theoretical works, polemic notes V.M.Chernova, N.D.Avksenteva, V.M.Zenzinova, A.A.Argunova, M.I.Spiridonovoj, M.A.Natansona, B.D.Kamkova, A.L.Kolegaeva, V.E.Trutovskogo, I.Z.Shtejnberga, A.A.Shrejdera, A.V.Peshehonova, N.F.Annenskogo, G.A.Rivkina, F.JU.Svetlov, G.A.Nestroeva and other heads eserov, left eserov, eserov-extremists and enesov. They allow to generate representations about various directions narodnicheskoj theories and experts, to show the general and individual in understanding of the purposes and the problems facing to socialists-revolutionaries at different stages of revolutionary movement. Without knowledge of the maintenance of works of the listed authors it is impossible to understand the reasons of occurrence of parties narodnicheskogo directions, their subsequent popularity among wide broad masses, and then splits and leaving from historical arena. The basic part of a literary heritage of heads of neopopulists is made by public statements: reports, speeches, articles, are more rare - books. Partially these works are included in their collections of products, partially published in active political activity of authors, partially stored in archives. The second group of historical sources is presented by documents of Party of socialists-revolutionaries (PSR), Parties of the left socialists-revolutionaries-internationalists (PLSR), the Union of socialists-revolutionaries-extremists (SSRM), Is national-socialist party (NSP). It can be subdivided into some subgroups: First, it is documents of the supreme bodies of party: the program of socialists-revolutionaries, the charter, projects of resolutions of party congresses, Party councils, conferences, resolutions and declarations of the Central Committee, Party councils, conferences. Here it is necessary to carry indications of members of the Central Committee, the Central Committee message, federal dogovory between the organisations which have united in PSR, projects of the laws offered PSR, reports and shorthand reports of congresses, Party councils and conferences, Central Committee PSR leaflets-references to various groups of the population. Reports of data concern the same group about the organisations, financial documents, editorial articles of the central publications of party. Documents and materials of the given group differ on the origin, type, a kind, volume, completeness and the maintenance. The majority of them was published by separate editions or in a party press. So, reports of I congress PSR which was passing on a boundary 1905-1906, both accepted the program and the charter, are the unique source, allowing to judge not only the decisions accepted by congress, but also the volume, what theoretical principles have been taken as a principle these decisions, what various points of view, opinions, shades, currents existed in party on theoretical, program, 77 To tactical and organizational questions. Reports of II congress PSR which has taken place in February, 1907, on the eve of opening The State Duma, open a management position eserov in relation to this Duma, and also various approaches to an organizational structure of party. Unique source under the maintenance are reports I All-party conference (August, 1908). They contain great volume of the information, allowing to judge a state of affairs in party eserov not only at the moment of conference carrying out, but also at earlier stages. This information gives the chance to present all spectrum of opinions, positions and moods which existed in party on all exciting it then to questions, to understand influence degree in it of various groupings, a parity of forces and character of mutual relations between them. Conference reports testify that the party as a whole continued to live by inertia of revolution, in it the spirit on national armed revolt though the same reports say and that in PSR influential enough moderate current led by N.D.Avksentevym was generated prevailed, offering to refuse any armed struggle and to concentrate on social work and терроре66. Reports III, IV, V Party councils long time were not published. The exception was made by separate documents of reports of V Council PSR. They have been printed in 1910 in second number eserovskogo a literary-political review "Socialist-revolutionary". Originals of reports of conference and Party councils are stored in archive IISH in fund of Party of socialists-revolutionaries. Resolutions of Councils PSR have been published in «the Arch of decisions of all-party Councils and congresses», placed in the first release of "the Memorable book of a socialist-revolutionary», left in Paris in 1911. Resolutions contain the information, allowing to understand a party position on all major questions of its activity, including an inner-party life, relations with other parties and the organisations. Comparison of these resolutions opens possibility to find out what opinion of a party management at various stages of genesis PSR was. Great value the verbatim record of III congress PSR, materials VI and VII Party councils among which especially it is necessary to note the financial report of Central Committee PSR from March, 1st till August, 1st, 1917 have, a report of accounting data about the regional The party organisations, lists of candidates from PSR in the Constituent assembly. In a complex the given documents allow to present, first, a party official position on ideological, political, tactical and organizational questions; in - the second, a spectrum of opinions and the points of view existing in party on these questions; thirdly, their evolution under the influence of conditions changing in the country. Documents of IV party congress, VIII; IX and X Party councils are presented by resolutions in which esery have reflected the understanding of events after Bolshevist revolution. Especially it is necessary to specify in materials of VIII Council PSR actually authorising the beginning of military struggle against Bolsheviks. Documents of directing bodies of party of the left socialists - of revolutionaries also differ on type, kinds, volume and an origin. Major of them are reports I and II congresses PLSR and verbatim records III and IV congresses. Reports of I congress left eserov have been published in 1918 in levoeserovskom publishing house «Revolutionary socialism». Materials II, III and IV congresses till 1963 were stored in the Central archive of KGB of the USSR and represent grouped on days of sessions and an order of performances the manuscript partially authorised. So, to the performances made M.A.Spiridonova, A.L.Kolegaev, V.E.Trutovsky's changes, etc. Under the assumption of workers RGASPI, the given materials represent a part of archive PLSR withdrawn by security officers from a premise of Central Committee PLSR in February, 1919. On pages of periodicals and in special collections in 1906-1920th were published programmnotakticheskie and authorised documents of one more narodnicheskoj organisations SSRM. Documents SSRM have remained in archives in individual copies and the limited quantity. Unlike other political structures which documents are presented by separate funds in various arhivohranilishchah the world, fund SSRM does not exist. Archival materials represent not original documents, and the typewritten copies executed by security officers from originals, grasped during arrests. As some researchers, original documents believe at arrests, possibly, have been destroyed. Individual copies of documents SSRM are stored in fund PLSR (Ф.564) RGASPI. As a whole, by our calculations, documents of this group of historical sources total more than 840 units of storage. Part of documents in which the information on events contains on July, 6-8th, 1918, and also private affairs M.A.Spiridonovoj, I.K.Kahovskoj, A.A.Izmajlovich and I.A.Majorova now are in TSA FSB of the Russian Federation and access to them it is still limited. Other subgroup of historical sources is made by materials regional eserovskih the organisations, allowing to recreate a daily life of party, its communication with broad masses. In them the questions, concerning practical activities of party groups and committees, as a rule, are put. Valuable materials party correspondence, summary reports to higher structures contains, inquiries about class, national, a social composition of the organisations, their number. In the dissertation documents on party history eserov which have not been claimed yet in historical researches are widely used. For theme disclosing meetings of documents of the head of foreign organisation PLSR of I.Z.Shtejnberga at the Jewish scientific institute (New York), Bahmetevsky fund of archive of the Colombian university (Nju - York), B.I.Nikolaevskogo's collection at Guverovsky institute of war, revolution and the world of Stenfordsky university (USA) have great value. Original reports of Central Committee PSR are stored In it from September, 1917 till March, 1918. Letters Here too contain V.M.Chernova to the pupil B.D.Kamkovu who has become in 1917 by one of theorists PLSR. The largest collection of documents on history PSR is stored in the International institute social истории79. In 1989 149 documents of Central Committee PSR from funds V.M.Chernova and Z.Rappoporta have been published by M.Jansenom80. The third group of documentary sources are materials of public organisations and other parties of Russia. These are documents of the country, trade-union, military, co-operative, student's organisations, and also SRN, cadets (PNS), RSDRP - RKP (). Documents of these political parties and public organisations are capable to make essential additions and specifications for illumination of separate questions of a theme. The special attention was given to documents RSDRP - RKP () as directive decisions of this party concerning PSR laid down in a basis legislative and practical activities of the Soviet state. The fourth group of historical sources is presented by government documents. Materials of this group fix as the official policy of the authorities in relation to Party of socialists-revolutionaries, and participation most PSR in power structures. In the dissertation the documents shining activity eserov in the State Duma, the Country union, VTSIK Councils, at the All-Russia congresses of country deputies in 1917-1918, in Executive Committee of Country Councils, bodies of city (rural) self-management were used. The part of documents characterises the repressive policy of a Bolshevist and Soviet management whom they spent in relation to party eserov, played far not last role in final destiny PSR, in its disappearance from the Russian political scene. Materials of a personal origin concern the fifth group. Among them memoirs, diaries and epistolary sources (letters). Sometimes sources of this group have crucial importance at reconstruction of this or that event, allowing to restore set of the facts which have not found reflexions in other materials. For us the most important are memoirs eserov V.M.Chernova, V.M.Zenzinova, M.V.Vishnjaka, A.F.Kerenskogo, I.Z.Shtejnberga, P.D.Klimushkina. Memoirs eserovskih figures represent, as a matter of fact, «live history». Variety of memoirs of those years contains not only the information on reproduced events, but also attempt of their interpretation, elements of the author's concept. Memoirs is not only passionless fixing of events of the past, it both a confession, and the justification, both charge, and meditations of the person. Therefore memoirs as any other document, are subjective. Its ideological heterogeneity was distinctive line of the memoirs literature of 1920th. It has been connected with active publishing of the Society were politkatorzhan which structure included supporters of different socialist currents including were esery, and also publishing of socialists-revolutionaries abroad. It is necessary to note also low degree of reliability of considered memoirs. Especially critically it is necessary to concern to that write and political leaders and political parties speak about themselves and about the activity. Some memoirs were created with use of documentary sources, for example, stored in institute of social history in Amsterdam. For theme disclosing memoirs have great value A.I.Spiridovicha, N.A.Berdjaeva, N.N.Sukhanov, L.A.Krolja, S.P.Melgunova, A.I.Denikina, P.N.Krasnova, G.M.Semenova, A.S.Solovejchika and other participants and witnesses of revolutions and Civil войны67. As a rule, authors of memoirs, Presented to this group, took sharply expressed negative positions in relation to eseram. The urgency of use of this group of sources consists in Reconstruction of variety of the events which have not found reflexions in other sources. The sixth group of historical sources is made by the recorded performances, theoretical works, memoirs of leaders of other parties. Among them, certainly, products of V.I.Lenina, L.B.Kameneva are allocated, L.D.Trotskogo, I.V.Stalina, J.O.Martova, P.B.Akselroda, P.N.Miljukova and other ideological opponents eserov, their political allies acting sometimes in a role. In them some them esery are considered only in passing, in others become object of steadfast attention and the groundless criticism, in the third the estimation of their role, including positive is given. And, at last, the seventh group of historical sources is made by periodicals. It differs diversity and efficiency in respect of reaction to socially significant events and their estimations. This property of the press does by its valuable source, allowing to track reaction to events from various political forces. Under the form periodicals are newspapers, magazines, bulletins. According to an encyclopaedia bibliographic index «Political parties of Russia. End Х1Х-первая third of XX-th century», the Party of socialists-revolutionaries and parties close to it left eserov, national socialists and the Union of socialists - of revolutionaries-extremists published 149 names of newspapers and журналов68. As the periodicals are a source multiplane, in it the material of a various origin contains. It is necessary to allocate official materials, for example, party or state documents, the chronicle of a party life and the newspaper information presented by reports, reportings, interview. The landscape of the party press in Russia the first quarter of XX century was rather various. Within twenty years neonarodnicheskie parties published brochures and leaflets, newspapers and magazines, had the party publishing houses, including abroad. Originally official body PSR was the newspaper «Revolutionary Russia», and the edition in which theoretical works were published, - magazine «Bulletin of Russian revolution». Then the newspaper «people Business» became official body of Central Committee PSR, representatives of the right direction in Central Committee PSR edited the newspaper «Will of the people», representatives of the left wing - «A work banner». Having allocated in independent party, left esery have organised party publishing house «Revolutionary socialism» which had branches in Petrograd, Moscow and Saratov. During the period from November, 1917 till June, 1918 the publishing house has published more than 30 brochures. After the Moscow events on July, 6-8th, 1918 left eseram it was possible to transfer publishing to Switzerland where they have organised publishing house "Scythians" which had branches in Berlin and Milan. Here till 1930 magazine "Banner" was printed in German and accordingly Italian languages, heads A.A.Shrejder, I.Z.Shtejnberg, Ivanov-Razumnik (R.V.Ivanov) were published levoeserovskie. Estimating the periodicals published in Russia after overthrow of autocracy, it is necessary to tell, that it consisted of weight of newspapers and brochures of a democratic direction. Easing of the state control over the press, occurrence of new party committees and groups, the public organisations requiring publications, mass politicisation of the population - all it quite corresponded to a spirit of inhabitants and created a favorable conjuncture for periodical press development. In it the edited publications of party programs necessary for researchers, shorthand reports of congresses, conferences, meetings contain, data are informed on number and a social composition of the organisations, various plots of party building and political strike are shined. Persecutions on a party and independent press have begun actually right after Bolshevist revolution in Petrograd. Tendencies to merge of publications of various Councils, and also the Soviet and party Bolshevist newspapers simultaneously were outlined. The pity and depressing impression makes quality of the periodicals published in regions in civil war - a grey paper, a fragile paint, scarcity of the information. Later these newspapers and other editions eserov were destroyed, withdrawn and hid. Complex use of all listed groups of historical sources allows to compare and check up author's judgements, the facts, conclusions, to add historiographic research by rare and little-known details, it is essential to expand representations about process of formation of historical knowledge on the declared problem. * * * * The basic conclusions of chapter 1 consist in the following: thanks to works of founders of political sociology it is established, that political parties are formed during an epoch when broad masses start to influence a political life of a society really. They arise in indissoluble communication with wreck absoljutistskih feudal modes, soslovno-hierarchical structure of a medieval society, the authoritative political power and qualification selective modes. In concrete conditions of Russia any plans of a socialist reorganisation of a society had no real material preconditions for their realisation. The primary goal of parties of socialist orientation, including eserov, was reduced to violent overthrow of an existing system, liquidation of a private property and creation essentially other system of a state system. Historiographic generalisation of knowledge of formation, activity and  destruction of Party of socialists-revolutionaries was undertaken repeatedly, however a condition The theme readiness should be recognised far not the satisfactory. Despite separate positive shifts, in the newest publications of the historiographic plan the first steps on conceptual updating of estimations of studying of history PSR are made only. Istochnikovuju base of the dissertation make The historiographic and historical sources involved on purpose to avoid of discrepancies, and at times and falsifications of unfairly stated actual material. Istochnikovaja the base of researchers of a theme constantly varied. To 1960th the archival materials containing documents on history eserov were in conducting bodies VCHK-OGPU-KGB, then, in 1961-1962th they have been transferred in IML at the Central Committee of the CPSU and regional partarhivy. From the middle of 1960th documents PSR are transferred in spetshrany archives and libraries. At the same time it is impossible to deny that fact, that the Soviet researchers could at desire use Bolshevist and Soviet newspapers of different years, and thus oposredovanno study a party life eserov.
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A source: Kononenko, Anatoly Anatolevich. Historiography of the creation and activities of the Socialist Revolutionary Party in the years 1901-1922. / Thesis / Tyumen - 2005. 2005

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