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the Urgency and the scientific importance of a theme of research is.

The destiny of Russia in the first quarter of XX century has been substantially defined by results of global opposition of the state and a society full of a mutual distrust and impatience, shown including in the intense and dramatic struggle which was developed between conservative, liberal and socialist forces.
The party of socialists-revolutionaries, being large on number and value among the Russian political parties and groups, during this historical period played one of the leading parts. She has officially declared herself in 1901 and has stopped existence in the early twenties. The vigorous activity eserov in emigration proceeded prior to the beginning of 1930th, and them is jorkskaja group has finished the existence only in the early fifties in connection with death of last apologists. With leaving in a non-existence eserov the history narodnicheskogo socialism, within several years of the Russian society which have captivated a considerable part has ended. The way which was offered eserami and based on ideas narodnicheskogo of socialism, has got support impressive, and in 1917 of, perhaps, prevailing part of the Russian society to what results of elections in the Constituent assembly testify. Nevertheless, the period after October, 1917 became for PSR dramatic. The Bolshevist stage of revolution has resulted eserov in oppositional camp where they played the important role. History PSR these years has to the full reflected rough and inconsistent character of a revolutionary epoch - participation of party in Civil war, reprisal to which esery were exposed both from Bolsheviks, and from white modes, numerous crises and splits. At the same time socialists-revolutionaries were also makers of history poslerevoljutsionnoj Russia, dividing responsibility for its many essential moments. Variety of plots of political and social and economic history of Russia after October, 1917 is closely connected with activity of Party of socialists-revolutionaries. It concerns process of formation of political opposition in the country after October events in Petrograd; to occurrence and escalation of Civil war; to folding in the Soviet Russia of an one-party system - the important element of a totalitarian society. The role eserovskih ideas in agrarian revolution is widely known 1917-1918, it is impossible to deny influence of an economic platform eserov on shift RKP () in 1921. The populism basis was made by idea about possibility for Russia a noncapitalistic way to socialism. Supporters of this idea were inspired by intentions to relieve the working people, first of all mullions-strong Russian peasantry, from feudal and capitalist operation. The beginnings of the future Russia to ideologists of populism saw in communal landed property. They considered, that the obshchinno-co-operative world of village has developed the special labour sense of justice easily closed with the intellectual sermon of agrarian socialism at peasants. Historiography PSR is a component of the general problem connected with studying of process of modernisation of Russia in the beginning of XX century, formation of a political life, formation of system of political parties and its subsequent liquidation. Destinies eserov and other representatives of the Russian multi-party system involve special attention of modern researchers. Changes in socially - political life, liquidation of ideological restrictions have given the chance to consider party activity eserov from different positions.
Access to archival documents has considerably extended, contacts to foreign researchers became closer and have led to variety of joint projects in the field of studying of history of the Russian multi-party system. There is a scale revaluation of a heritage of the Soviet historiography, there are all bases to consider, that the Russian historical science becomes a part world. It gives the chance to speak about a new stage in development of a domestic historical science. Studying of the selected theme allows not only to generalise experience of research of history of domestic multi-party system as in Russia, and abroad, but also to reveal the basic laws, tendencies, positions, conclusions, the methodical receptions applied in working out of a historiography of large political party of Russia of the first quarter of XX century, and also to plan problems on its further studying. The basis and pledge of the greatest objectivity, the valid scientific character of studying of history of this party is appreciably the decision of a problem with istochnikovoj base. By our calculations, the general bibliography of party of socialists - revolutionaries totals about 700 large works of Russian-speaking authors and about 90 works of representatives of foreign historical schools. However till now it is not written yet the special generalising research opening all this rich layer of the historical literature in a complex. If similar works on a historiography of parties of cadets, menshevikov, Bolsheviks already are available, the party historiography eserov in this sense has appeared is deprived. There are opened the major questions of historiographic character, among which and the main things: how there was a process of accumulation of historical knowledge about eserah during the different periods of studying of their activity, whether it was possible to researchers to create an authentic picture of history PSR? Historiographic publications available to the present time allow to answer these questions only partially. In this situation it is obviously necessary to bring certain results of development of historiography PSR. Presence of the debatable points of view on process of studying of history of party eserov, its stages and features convinces of necessity and perspectivity of the further working out of the declared problematics. It is known, that the historiography is the special branch of historical knowledge having the specific subject and object of research. It gives possibility to estimate the general condition of a historical science, to show degree of the decision of pressing questions, conceptual judgement of a problem, to focus attention on omissions and errors. Historiography function is also studying of concrete conditions of formation of basic concepts, and also the material and spiritual environment defining a direction and the maintenance of research process. Generalising experience of development of a science about the past, the historiography promotes its progress. Therefore even the works turned to studying of historical thought during last periods, are expressly or by implication connected with the decision of problems of the present day. Istoriografu it is necessary for Party of socialists-revolutionaries to show approaches to its studying, to give recommendations to research of history of a theme and comprehensively to analyse a course of events, having specified on various methods of studying of already known sources. The historiographic analysis gets the special importance in critical stages for historical research when istoriograf aspires to overcome the negative consequences generated by decomposition of a science 1. It is important in connection with the understanding which has changed recently of functions of a historiography as special branch of historical knowledge. It, according to the representative of the Siberian historiographic school V.P.Korzuna, should not only fix various displays of research process, but also itself to be developed as intellectual history. In other words, into its functions enters not only studying of process of accumulation of historical knowledge, but also working out of new directions in development of historiography PSR and their independent illumination. So, one of the main functions of historiographic research consists in studying of historiographic sources on purpose to reveal and analyse degree of a level of scrutiny of a problem, to show level of a gain of scientific knowledge, to allocate poorly and not up to the end investigated questions, to open internal laws of development of a historical science. Besides, functional duties of a historiography include generalisation of data about the organisation of scientific researches which means set organizational, teoretikometodologicheskih, source study bases against which the historical science during each concrete period of the leant Shevelev A.I., Sviridenko A.P., Pavlov D.B., Stepanskij A.D., Teoretikometodologichesky, historiographic and arheograficheskie aspects//Political parties of Russia: history and the present. M, 2000. С.29. Korzun Century of the Item In search of new model of the historiographic letter//the Domestic historiography and a regional component in educational programs: problems and prospects. Omsk, 2000. S.4-5. Developments. According to representatives of the Ural historiographic school of O.A.Vaskovskogo, E.B.Zabolotnogo, V.D.Kamynina, along with studying of the historiographic facts the researcher is obliged to give the analysis of theoretical representations on a concrete historical problem, changes In ISTOCHNIKOVOJ base and methods of historical research, to open functioning of scientific institutions of a historical profile and formation of personnel potential науки1. The important function of historiographic researches, according to leaders istoriografov the countries, statement of forecasts is. They consider, that historiographic works should give the practical recommendations, concerning problematics of scientific researches, evolutions of historical thought, various concepts, and as a result to answer social inquiries and expectations, to promote development of historical knowledge and scientific process. As believe V.D.Kamynin and E.B.Zabolotnyj, historiographic researches carried out and carry out among others the important function of preservation cultural памяти2. Other tendencies in a domestic historiography characterise the Moscow historiographic school. In the collective monography the Historical science in Russia in the XX-th century, prepared under the guidance of A.N.Saharova Institute of the Russian history of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is accurately traced the historiographic tendency connected with disclosing of three questions: how historians of various generations and schools got on with power structures how it was reflected in their destiny and on the power and how correspond, vzaimovlijajut a historical science, mass historical consciousness, the state ideology and political interests of the state and party in power? 3 Studying of a historiography of Party of socialists - Revolutionaries, is capable to expand our representations not only about political and social making history of Russia, but also about culture of the country in the widest understanding of the given phenomenon. It visually shows all, that work on creation of the updated history of socialists-revolutionaries is better to begin with historiographic work. Certainly, such approach essentially will affect optimisation of research process and will promote all-round illumination of studied problems. The urgency of works of the historiographic plan increases also because the stream of the information connected not only with quantity of historical works, but also with their substantial change, integration of humanitarian researches, rapprochement of positions of capital and regional authors increases. Especially it concerns continuity of various generations of historians. More and more the complex approach, vision of the events connected with history PSR, as multidimensional, difficult, taking into account natural the general and individual in the historical phenomena gets the best. The dissertation purpose is the complex analysis of the literature and process of accumulation of knowledge in a historical science on a problem of history of creation and activity of Party of socialists - of revolutionaries. Proceeding from it, the author puts following primary goals: 10 ЛІ ti... And ’? . At -Study formation and development of teoretiko-methodological toolkit of historians of Party of socialists-revolutionaries, their principles and receptions of scientific research of a theme; -Consider the organisation of scientific researches, its influence on intensity and the maintenance of research process; -Reveal changes in condition ISTOCHNIKOVOJ of base, its information possibilities and expansion prospects; -Analyse a problematics of scientific researches, to specify in unresolved and debatable questions, to express on them the opinion; -Define the basic stages of studying of a problem, their maintenance and features; -Show private world of the researcher of history of party eserov; To sum up research of history of Party of socialists - of revolutionaries, to designate the basic directions of its further studying.
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A source: Kononenko, Anatoly Anatolevich. Historiography of the creation and activities of the Socialist Revolutionary Party in the years 1901-1922. / Thesis / Tyumen - 2005. 2005

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