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degree of a scientific readiness of a problem.

the choice of the scientific literature devoted to studying of the reasons of occurrence and activity pravoradikalnyh of the organisations in Post-Soviet Russia, is very limited. The Russian researchers, as a rule, interpret theories, (allowing to get into the deep, intrinsic bases of the right radicalism as ideological and political current), developed by the western researchers to classify these theories or to open the maintenance of concepts by allocation of their signs [129].
The purpose of revealing of efficiency of application of the western theories at research pravoradikalnyh movements and the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period became uniting for articles of such authors as V.S.Malakhov, A.L.Koshman, V.A.Tishkov, M. N. Rutkevich, E.V.Tadevosjan, S.V.Lure, etc. That kasaemo problems of Russian neo-nazism it is necessary to note work of collective of authors under the name «Political xenophobia: radical groups, representations of leaders, the Church role» [37], showing encyclopaedic research on origin history pravoradikalizma, various forms of its display and a condition known pravoradikalnyh the organisations of modern Russia. Representation about pravoradikalnoj in Russia can be received ideologies from the collection «Alphabet of the Russian nationalist» [203] which is a selection of articles of the official publication of Russian National Unity (RNE) «Russian order». As a matter of fact, it is original pravoradikalnyj a catechism of the basic ideological principles known in recent times is aggressive-reactionary pravoradikalnoj the organisations. In Russia the Post-Soviet period pravoradikalnye the organisations become the central object of various sciences – histories, political science, sociology and dominating subjects of their research interest. In particular, initial interest to pravoradikalnoj to subjects first of all has been caused by that on elections of December, 1993 the LDPR party which political program was under construction on the basis of use of elements of nationalist and chauvinistic ideology has unexpectedly shown rather high results. Since this period, number of publications increases by a theme of Russian nationalism and fascism from which the greatest research interest for the author of dissertation is represented by theoretical approaches of revealing of essence of the right radicalism [35, with. 7]. The scientific works devoted to the given problematics, left and earlier. So, I.N.Barygin [15, with. 24–25] differentiates pravoradikalnoe movement on the right radicals and the right extremists. The right radicals, in its opinion, for achievement of the political ends aspire to use a parliamentary way, and the right extremists suppose violence application. Meanwhile, in the subsequent real political practice of Russia the Post-Soviet period extremist (profascist) pravoradikalnye the organisations do not do basic distinctions between parliamentary and unparliamentary (violent) methods for realisation of the true intentions – an establishment of dictatorship of a totalitarian mode in the country. C.B. Lebedev understands as the right radicals of supporters of radical (radical) changes in a social, political and economic life of a society and creation qualitatively new is perfect other society, instead of preservation or restoration old. The right extremism – (in its representations it is fascism) – is only right radicalism finished to the logic end.
The main sign of modern fascism (neo-fascism) is the idea of existence of the "higher" nation (or races), called to be "people-mister", and "nedochelovekov", «called to be their slaves» [88, with. 20, 290–291]. In program documents of the right extremism the military-political component prevails. The problem of the right political extremism appears in the centre of attention of expert group "Panorama". They allocate following signs of political extremism: 1) propensity to political violence; 2) the policy directly directed on violent change of the existing political system or on capture of the power; 3) propagation of regular infringement of human rights; 4) chauvinistic and racist propagation of any sense [34, with. 9–10, 12]. It is represented, that the allocated signs are beyond the maintenance of radical political trends of Russia of the Post-Soviet period. In our opinion occurrence of the extremist organisations is caused not only depth of crisis of a society, but also that, the how much sharply certain social stratum perceives this crisis. At research of problems of the right radicalism leading scientists agree among themselves that the extremism in the name of fascism is an ideology of conservative revolutionism. The fascism as the political phenomenon is a consequence of sharp political, financial, social and economic crises. Fascism the phenomenon situational and display disfunktsionalnogo developments of a society [43]. The political extremism, according to E.Paina, has xenophobia in the basis, but is narrower and it is better the organised phenomenon, in difference from spontaneously appearing xenophobia. The terrorism is that political extremism which applies politically motivirovannoe violence in relation to civilians. Pain connects directly growth of political extremism not with poverty, and with process marginalizatsii certain groups of the population of some societies. In its representations extremism transfer «on rails» ideology and political practice is carried out by "hands" of ethnic and religious leaders [207]. In materials of a round table under the name «the Right radicalism as the factor of the European policy» (2002, Institute of Europe) extreme importance of a problem of the right radicalism is most accurately reflected. The forecast that after time the importance of the given problem will increase and be staticized more and more has been made, and ideological bases, a social base, activity of operating political actors to become the factors defining directions and prospects of a postindustrial stage of development of societies and the states of a planet the Earth. Thus, in the domestic and foreign literature three tendencies in consideration of the right radicalism are traced: 1) as situational phenomenon, result of economic crises and disfunktsionalnosti systems; 2) as political movement of an element of the political system, aspiring to establish an authoritative or totalitarian system; 3) as movement and the ideological current expressing concern of people by public problems and arrival not dependent on prospects to the political power. The estimation of degree of a level of scrutiny of a problematics of the dissertation testifies to insufficient study of essence and displays of the right extremism in the domestic and foreign literature. The extremism as a politiko-ideological phenomenon in which structure political parties are included, public associations and other actors, and also elements of political culture and political behaviour Means. Principal cause of the developed situation became, as absence of complete representation about the maintenance and degree of public danger of displays of radical ideology, and the limited possibilities of an estimation in connection with absence of the complete information on judgement political an expert. The given circumstances testify to necessity of carrying out of independent research of the maintenance and displays of the right radicalism for political process of Russia the Post-Soviet period. Object of research – the right radicalism as social movement and an ideological and political current. An object of research – the reasons of occurrence and activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations in Russia the Post-Soviet period. The purpose of dissertational research consists in revealing of the reasons of occurrence and specificity of activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period. Following research problems from this follow: 1. To define concept «pravoradikalnoe movement» and to show specificity of the politological approach in judgement of its maintenance. 2. To open revival principal causes pravoradikalnyh the organisations of Post-Soviet Russia. 3. To characterise methodological approaches for essence revealing pravoradikalnogo movements. 4. To show formation tendencies pravoradikalnyh the organisations on the post-Soviet territory. 5. To track evolution of ideas of neo-fascism in the European states and Russia. 6. To estimate conditions and to plan prospects of overcoming of distribution of ideology of neo-fascism in activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period. 7. To designate counteraction mechanisms pravoradikalnym to the organisations in the Russian political practice. As the theoretical bases of dissertational work methods of research of a policy, and also the theory and approaches of a political science which are expedient for applying to revealing of the reasons of occurrence and specificity of activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period act. As the independent teoretiko-methodological approach in the dissertation it was used new institutsionalizm in interpretation of J. March and J.Olsena1. As cardinal feature new institutsionalizma refusal of system understanding of essence of the political institutes possessing a considerable share of an autonomy has acted. Therefore at an estimation of political institutes it is necessary to start with studying of norms and the values necessary for construction of forecasts concerning functioning of political institutes. With reference to an essence estimation pravoradikalnyh the organisations it means, that priority value gets not the arch of formal rules, and those norms and values which will be accepted for the standard by agents of political institutes and public organisations. As specificity institutsionalnoj paradigms at research of essence and activity directions pravoradikalnyh the organisations the objectivism and an institutsionalno-structural determinism in the approach to a political reality which is considered as entirely depending on a configuration and functioning of political institutes which concern and the given public organisations acts. By means of revealing of specificity of the last, begins possible to answer a question on the distribution reasons pravoradikalnoj ideologies, both in public consciousness, and in political ideology of the Russian state. Instability developed institutsionalnyh configurations pravoradikalnyh the organisations, additional difficulties in research of remedial phenomena of a political life, especially in conditions razmytosti and illegibilities of their contours are formed. The given circumstance creates conditions for komplementarnogo interactions with metodologijami, focused on research is subjective-strong-willed and is subjective-interpretive making political processes. In particular, as independent group of methods the descriptive (descriptive) method and the rather-comparative analysis of the various points of view on actual problems of a sociopolitical life of Russia were used. In the dissertation elements of the system approach which focuses attention what even the most insignificant, peripheral social movement carries out certain function even if directly does not participate in acceptance of imperious decisions in political system were used. The theory of group conflicts has affected treatment prichin existence of the right radicalism. Methods of the system approach are used when any phenomenon or a complex of the interconnected phenomena is considered in the form of the system having structure and functions. It, first. Secondly, the materials of mass-media containing an estimation of the maintenance and activity pravoradikalnyh of the organisations, and also the analysis of their potential danger on public consciousness and political practice. The information of official sites of mass-media, public organisations and movements contains reports, analytical notes, the information notes devoted to concrete examples of activity pravoradikalnyh of the organisations. The basic attention in the dissertation was given to comparison of officially proclaimed installations fixed in authorised documents with real political practice where the emphasis was placed on the analysis of used mechanisms of influence on public consciousness. Thirdly, the polls spent VTSIOM in 1995-2014 Characterising the relation of Russians to danger of neo-fascism and radical extremism, and also to the public organisations positioning as chauvinistically adjusted ideological currents, allowing to prove the positions of the dissertation which are taken out on protection. Fourthly, the statistical information including statistical data about quantity pravoradikalnyh of public organisations. The limited possibilities of the given group of sources consist in absence of access to all volume of statistical data which not always contain the objective information. But within the limits of our research the accent became on consideration of tendencies of development pravoradikalnyh movements in Russia. The involved groups of sources have allowed to realise laid down in the dissertation the aim and problems. Scientific novelty proves to be true the results of research received by the author: 1. Occurrence process pravoradikalnyh the organisations on the post-Soviet territory which basis has made neofashistkaja, chauvinistic ideology and activity in a direction of achievement of wide influence on public relations and political culture of the population is analysed. Unlike the previous period pravoradikalnye movements have got more dynamical structure, capable to change the outlines depending on requirement and an internal political situation. It is necessary to ascertain expansion of channels of communications of the given movements with the foreign policy environment, in the name of separate neo-fascist movements in Baltic, Ukraine and other Post-Soviet states. 2. The reasons of occurrence and intrinsic characteristics which consist in it radikalizatsii, dominance submissiveness astable inside and foreign policy conditions, absence of uniform political strategy of the state in prevention and distribution suppression pravoradikalnoj ideologies are established. Expansion of channels of the communications, providing strengthening of influence of the last on political consciousness of the population, and also separation of ideological installations and development tendencies became feature pravoradikalnyh movements in Post-Soviet Russia. 3. Ways of overcoming of ideology of neo-fascism to activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations are planned. Basic value pravoradikalnyh the organisations consists in their ability to use as institutsionalnye, and ideological mechanisms of influence on political institutes, and public consciousness. Presence of organizational independence and unity of ideological views, provides with it possibility purposefully to influence political relations. On the other hand, there is also a basic contradiction – limitation of resource base, not legal character of activity, a transparency of contours institutsionalizatsii, distinctions at judgement of the maintenance of ideological base, form preconditions for consistent policy realisation on replacement pravoradikalnyh the organisations and ideology from political space of Russia. 4. Mechanisms of counteraction are offered neo-fascism which are connected with the decision of problems at two levels: formal and informal. At the first level carrying out of monitoring of the current legislation, formation of conditions for inclusion in it of preventive actions for counteraction is required to extremism displays, responsibility toughening in the given area, redistribution of efforts on preventive maintenance of extremism from the state on a society and its institutes. On the second – assistance to formation of the intolerant relation to displays of the right radicalism in political consciousness of a society by means of strengthening of the state ideology. The positions which are taken out on protection: 1) Pravoradikalnye the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period should be considered taking into account available in an arsenal of a political science of theories, and also those tendencies which are peculiar to the Russian political process. Institutsionalizatsija displays of legal radicalism and fascism became a consequence of an aggravation of internal political conditions, expansion of the international communities (public organisations, institutes) a radical direction in the Russian political space. Unavailability of the political power to resist to radicalism displays, deepening of crisis of public consciousness have led to occurrence of favorable conditions for distribution of ideology of extremism and neo-fascism. 2) the Neo-fascist ideology differs accurate institutsionalnymi characteristics as possesses concrete historical preconditions and steady quantity of the political actors, ready to act as its apologists. The permanent political and social crisis peculiar to the Russian society throughout the Post-Soviet period, becomes favourable circumstances for acquisition by neo-fascism institutsionalnyh frameworks in the name of public organisations pravoradikalnogo sense. 3) on the post-Soviet territory and behind its limits it is necessary to recognise as the basic forms of national contradictions territorial disputes, and as consequence, military conflicts, household nationalism, political opposition of regional national elite and ethnic groups. National contradictions serve as the catalyst of formation of complete ideology of political radicalism which creates conditions for chauvinism and neo-fascism displays. The given ideology included in institutsionalnye of a framework of public organisations and political movements, becomes the catalyst of processes of escalation of conflicts in various spheres of political relations. 4) the role and value pravoradikalnyh movements consists in their readiness and ability to use as institutsionalnye, and ideological mechanisms of influence on political institutes, and public consciousness. Presence institutsionalnoj independence and unity of ideological views, form possibility of their purposeful influence on political relations. On the other hand, there is also a basic contradiction – limitation of resource base, not legal character of activity, a transparency of contours institutsionalizatsii, distinctions at judgement of the maintenance of ideological base, form preconditions for consistent policy realisation on replacement pravoradikalnyh the organisations and ideology from political space of Russia. 5) counteraction pravoradikalnomu to extremism is connected with cardinal change of a state policy concerning the given public organisations, transition from counteraction to acceptance of preventive measures on preventive maintenance of displays of radical extremism and fascism. The political aspect of a studied problem is connected with a level of development of political culture and the political consciousness which reformatting is impossible without participation of bodies of the public power and a civil society. Legislation monitoring should become an additional source of counteraction to displays of extremism, redistribution of efforts on preventive maintenance of extremism from the state on a society and its institutes. The theoretical importance consists in judgement pravoradikalnogo movements as independent political fenome and process. Dissertational work promotes deepening and expansion of understanding of essence and displays pravoradikalnoj to ideology in the conditions of absence of uniform political ideology of the modern Russian state. The results of research received on an exit can be used actors – active operating subjects of political processes for increase of the functionality in counteraction to displays of extremism and the right radicalism.
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A source: Plihun Yana Vasilevna Prichiny. Occurrence and activity pravoradikalnyh the organisations of Russia of the Post-Soviet period. 2015

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