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Results of research of vozrastno-sexual characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers

At an investigation phase of age and sexual features sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers we checked the validity of the second hypothesis put forward by us - «Structurally - urovnevye characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence depend on age and a floor:

Development sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers is characterised by unstable dynamics.

At younger schoolboys and teenagers exist age and sexual

Distinctions in expressiveness degree structurally-urovnevyh characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence.

Distinctions in structurally-urovnevyh characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence at boys and girls at younger school age are more expressed, than at teenage age ».

As respondents younger schoolboys, pupils of 3 average comprehensive schools, casually chosen of Vasileostrovsky (№6) acted,

Admiralty (№287) and Krasnoselsky (№291) areas of Sankt - Petersburg. Total of participants - 351 persons. At data gathering all six techniques of the present research also were used: the Technique of research of social intelligence of J. Gilforda (in E.S.Mihajlovoj's adaptation); test EmIn of D.V.Ljusina (a children's variant); Vexler's test (Subtests "comprehension" and «sequence of pictures»); a technique

Diagnostics of interpersonal and intergroup relations ("sotsiometrija") and a scale of SI Tromso. The analysis of empirical data was spent by means of statistical package IBM SPSS Statistics 22.

Vozrastno-sexual characteristics F1 have originally been studied

("The factor of an estimation and forecasting of behaviour of associates"). At attempt of application of methods of comparison of average values (criterion t-Стьюдента, ANOVA) it has appeared, that dispersions in compared samples differ statistically authentically (by criterion Livinja) from what follows, that application of parametrical criteria (methods) of comparison in this case is not correct. Therefore to comparison vyborok were applied nonparametric (rangovye) statistical criteria. For comparison of statistics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence at boys and girls the criterion the God-send-uitni (U-criterion) was used. N-criterion Kraskela-Uollesa was applied To comparison vyborok on age.

At comparison of three age groups on a floor (boys of 9-11 years, N = 109; boys of 12-13 years, N = 109; boys of 14-16 years and the girl of 9-11 years, N = 141; girls of 12-13 years, N = 141; girls of 12-16 years, N = 141) with use of criterion the God-send-uitni it was not revealed statistically authentic distinctions (the appendix 12 see).

Check of expressiveness of the factor of an estimation and forecasting of behaviour of associates (F1) SEI with application of criterion Kraskela-Uollesa has revealed authentic distinctions at high level of the statistical importance for С1 -

«Behaviour forecasting» (χ? = 83,752; df = 2; p < 0,001), С2 - «понимание мимики и жестов» (χ? = 75,073; df = 2; p < 0,001), С3 - «понимание вербальных проявлений поведения» (χ? = 88,774; df = 2; p < 0,001), С4 - «понимание интенций и потребностей участников коммуникации» (χ? = 84,559; df = 2; p < 0,001).

Statisticans of criterion Kraskela-Uollesa for variables С1, С2, С3, С4 are resulted in the appendix 13, and descriptive statisticans contain in the appendix 14.

As it is represented in drawing 8, the highest values on scale С1 -

«Behaviour forecasting» have been found out for pupils of 14-16 years (N = 36; M = 7,49), the lowest - for schoolboys of 9-11 years (N = 71; M = 4,88). The highest values on scale С2 - «understanding of a mimicry and gestures» at boys and girls of 14-16 years (N = 36; M = 6,67), the lowest at younger schoolboys of 9-11 years (N = 71; M = 3,57). The highest values on scale С3 -

«Understanding of verbal displays of behaviour» have been revealed for pupils of 14-16 years (N = 36; M = 8,28), the lowest - for schoolboys of 9-11 years (N = 71; M = 3,75). The highest values on scale С4 - «understanding intentsy and requirements of participants of communications» at boys and girls of 14-16 years (N =

36; M = 6,67), the lowest at younger schoolboys of 9-11 years (N = 71; M = 6,76).

Drawing 8. Stylar diagrammes of average values of scales С1, С2, С3, С4 depending on age

From results of research of the factor of an estimation and forecasting of behaviour of associates SEI it is possible to say that development of abilities

«To predict behaviour», «to understand mimicries and gestures», «to understand verbal displays of behaviour» and «to understand intentsii and requirements of participants of communications» it is essentially connected with the years. So, the the child, the above at it a level of development of these components sotsioemotsionalnogo is more senior intelligence (a linear positive trend). With another

The parties, statistical data processing has not revealed any sexual distinctions.

Further we have compared each component of the factor of an estimation and forecasting of behaviour surrounding SEI pupils c them sotsiometricheskim

Indicator. As statisticans of asymmetry and an excess on the module did not exceed 1, hence, it was possible to consider distributions for all

Four variables (С1, С2, С3, С4) approximately normal and to use factor correlations Pirsona (Table 41).

Apparently from table 41, for girls of teenage age (12-16 years) positive correlations at high level of the statistical importance between variable С1 – «behaviour forecasting» and sotsiometricheskim the status (N = 70 have been found out; factor Pirsona r = 0,637; p < 0,001). Для переменной С2 - «понимание мимики и жестов» и социометрического статуса

interrelations at level of the statistical tendency have been revealed. Statistically authentic interrelations of two other variables С3 - «understanding of verbal displays of behaviour» and С4 - «the understanding intentsy and requirements of participants of communications» with sotsiometricheskim the status also was not revealed for girls-teenagers.

Interrelation of variables С1, С2, С3, С4

With sotsiometricheskim the status (SS) schoolgirls of 12-16 years in a class.

Table 41.

Variables Correlations SS
Girls (12 – 16 years), N = 70
С1 Correlation

Pirsona

, 637

p , 000
С2 Correlation

Pirsona

, 227
p , 058
С3 Correlation

Pirsona

, 139
p , 250
С4 Correlation

Pirsona

-, 138
p , 254

By results of the correlation analysis it has been revealed, that for girls of younger school age (9 – 11 years) were not revealed statistically authentic interrelations of variables «behaviour forecasting» (С1),

«Understanding of a mimicry and gestures» (С2), «understanding of verbal displays of behaviour» (С3) and «understanding intentsy and requirements of participants of communications» (С4) with sotsiometricheskim the status.

By results of the correlation analysis (tab. 42) statistically authentic interrelations of a variable «behaviour forecasting» (С1) with sotsiometricheskim the status of the pupil in the class for boys of younger school age in an age range of 9-11 years (N = have been found out

40; factor Pirsona r = 0,383; p = 0,015).


Interrelation of variables С1, С2, С3, С4

With sotsiometricheskim the status (SS) male pupils of 9-11 years in a class.

Table 42.

Variables Correlations SS
Boys (9 – 11 years), N = 40
С1 Correlation

Pirsona

, 383
p , 015
С2 Correlation

Pirsona

-, 095
p , 560
С3 Correlation

Pirsona

-, 215
p , 182
С4 Correlation

Pirsona

-, 031
p , 851

Authentic correlation communications are observed also between scale С1 -

«Behaviour forecasting» and sotsiometricheskim the status (tab. 43) for boys of teenage age of 12-16 years (N = 69; factor Pirsona r = 0,258; p = 0,032).


Interrelation of variables С1, С2, С3, С4

With sotsiometricheskim the status (SS) male pupils of 12-16 years in a class.

Table 43.

Variables Correlations SS
Boys (12 – 16 years), N = 69
С1 Correlation

Pirsona

, 258
p , 032
С2 Correlation

Pirsona

-, 101
p , 410
С3 Correlation

Pirsona

, 042
p , 735
С4 Correlation

Pirsona

, 118
p , 336

At a following stage vozrastno-sexual characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and the teenagers, concerning to F2 ("the factor of successful social interaction") have been investigated. At attempt of application of methods of comparison of average values (criterion t-Стьюдента, ANOVA) in second time it has appeared, that dispersions in compared samples differ statistically authentically (by criterion Livinja) from what follows, that application of parametrical criteria (methods) of comparison in this case is not correct. Therefore to comparison vyborok were applied nonparametric (rangovye) statistical criteria. For comparison of statistics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence at boys and girls the criterion the God-send-uitni (U-criterion) was used. N-criterion Kraskela-Uollesa was applied To comparison vyborok on age.

According to results of application of criterion the God-send-uitni, statistically authentically sexual distinctions are shown on scale VP - understanding of the emotional conditions (U = 11482,000; W = 22360,000; Z = -

3,766; p < 0,001) и шкале Т_2 - социальные навыки (U = 11035,000; W = 18631,000; Z = -2,653; p = 0,009). В отношении шкал МП (понимание

emotional conditions of associates), MU (management of another's emotional conditions), was not revealed statistically authentic sexual distinctions (the appendix 15 see).

Check of expressiveness of component F2 at girls with application of criterion Kraskela-Uollesa has shown authentic age distinctions for MT scale -

«Understanding of emotional conditions of associates» (χ? = 9,240; df = 3; r = 0,026), scales VP - «understanding of the emotional conditions» (χ? = 15,879; df

= 3; r = 0,001), scales Т_2 - «social skills» (χ? = 6,108; df = 2; r = 0,047).

On the other hand, for girls of statistically authentic age distinctions it has not been revealed concerning scale MU - «management of another's emotional conditions». Statisticans of criterion Kraskela-Uollesa for variable MT, MU, VP, Т_2 are in the appendix 16, and descriptive statisticans are resulted in the appendix 17.

Check of expressiveness F2 at boys with application of criterion of Kraskela-Wallace has shown authentic age distinctions for MT scale -

«Understanding of emotional conditions of associates» (χ? = 8,004; df = 3; r =

0,046), scales MU - «management of another's emotional conditions» (χ? = 12,176; df = 3; r = 0,007), scales VP - «understanding of the emotional conditions» (χ? = 11,683; df = 3; r = 0,009) and scales Т_2 - «social skills» (χ?

= 11,109; df = 3; r = 0,012).

Stylar diagrammes of average values of a scale of MT depending on a floor and age are represented in drawing 9; stylar diagrammes of average values of scale VP depending on a floor and age are presented in drawing 10; stylar diagrammes of average values of scale MU depending on a floor and age are resulted in drawing 11; stylar diagrammes of average values of scale Т_2 depending on a floor and age are represented in drawing 12.

Drawing 9. Stylar diagrammes of average values of a scale of MT

Depending on a floor and age.

Statistically authentic age distinctions on MT scale – «understanding of emotional conditions of associates» have been revealed for boys and for girls. The highest values for boys on MT scale were found out in pupils of 9-11 years (N = 40; M = 19,20), the lowest - at pupils of 7-8 years (N = 38; M = 16,92). The highest values for girls on MT scale have come to light at schoolgirls of 14-16 years (N = 36; M = 19,69), the lowest at schoolgirls of 7-8 years (N = 63; M = 17,27).

Drawing 10. Stylar diagrammes of average values of scale VP depending on a floor and age.

Concerning scale VP – «understanding of the emotional conditions» statistically authentic distinctions on a floor and age have been revealed. The highest values on scale VP have been found out for girls of 9-11 years (N = 71; M = 19,70), the lowest - for girls 7-8 summer age (N = 63; M = 17,41). The highest values for sample of boys have been revealed at teenagers 12-13 summer age (N = 33; M = 18,70), the lowest - for younger male schoolboys of 7-8 years (N = 38; M =16,03). Thus, girls better boys understand the emotional conditions at all stages of younger school and teenage age. It can be connected with more developed JA-concept at pupils of a female [73].

Drawing 11. Stylar diagrammes of average values of scale MU

Depending on a floor and age.

Statistically authentic age distinctions on scale MU – «management of another's emotional conditions» have been revealed only for boys. The highest values for boys on scale MU have been found out in pupils of 12-13 years (N = 33; M = 19,45), the lowest - at pupils of 7-8 years (N = 38; M = 15,87).

Drawing 12. Stylar diagrammes of average values of scale Т_2 depending on a floor and age.

Concerning scale Т_2 – «social skills» have been found out statistically authentic distinctions to age and a floor. The highest values for girls on scale Т_2 have been found out for girls of 7-8 years (N = 63; M = 30), the lowest - for girls of 12-13 years (N = 34; M = 25). For boys on scale Т_2 – «social skills» the highest values have come to light in age group of 9-11 years (M = 30; N = 40), the lowest – in age groups of 7-8 years (M = 25; N = 38) and 12-13 (M = 27; N = 33) years. Such vozrastno - sexual distinctions can be connected with features of socialisation of pupils, style of parental education of boys and the girls who have taken part in our research. According to V.N.Panovoj, the preteenage age is especially senzitivnym in the plan for development of social intelligence of schoolboys owing to a unique social situation: change of the substantial party of mutual relations with significant adults and contemporaries. The help of adults during the given age period defines development of social intelligence. In 13-16 years - the help of adults can already be not demanded [60]. On the other hand, as specify L.A.Golovej, S.S.Savenysheva, V.E.Vasilenko, at certain stages of a life of a family the difficulties connected with education of the child, can increase, getting character stressful and to demand transformation of mutual relations in system the parent-child. The periods of passage by the child of age crises of development [22] can be such stages. In addition, for the teenage period crisis of the identity [35] which experience can negatively be shown in situations of social interaction is characteristic.

Further vozrastno-sexual characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers F3 - "the management Factor by the behaviour in situations interpersonal have been investigated

Interactions ". Here, also as well as in two previous cases, at attempt of application of methods of comparison of average values (criterion t-Стьюдента, ANOVA) it was found out, that dispersions in compared samples differ statistically authentically (by criterion Livinja) and application of the parametrical

Criteria (methods) of comparison in this case it is not correct. Thus, once again for comparison vyborok were applied nonparametric (rangovye) statistical criteria. For comparison of statistics

sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence at boys and girls the criterion the God-send-uitni (U-criterion) was used. To comparison vyborok on age it was applied N - criterion Kraskela-Uollesa.

According to results of application of criterion the God-send-uitni, statistically authentically sexual distinctions are shown only on scales VU:

«Management of the emotional conditions» (U = 12325,000;

W = 23203,000; Z =-2,865; p = 0,004) and Т_1: «Social sensitivity» (U

=12325,000; W = 16523,500; Z =-2,069; p = 0,039). Concerning scales VEKP

(A set of social knowledge), VEKPK (recognition of relationships of cause and effect in interpersonal situations), VE (management of the emotional conditions) was not revealed statistically authentic sexual distinctions (the appendix 18 see).

Check of expressiveness of component F3 - "the management factor the behaviour in situations of interpersonal interaction" at girls with application of criterion Kraskela-Uollesa has shown authentic age distinctions at high level of the statistical importance for scale VEKP -

«A set of social knowledge» (χ? = 109,360; df = 3; r

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A source: Semenov Vladislav Jurevich. AGE AND SEXUAL FEATURES OF SOCIO-EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF YOUNGER SCHOOLBOYS AND ADOLESCENTS. 2016

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