1.4.1. Intensionalnost/ekstensionalnost

First of all intentsionalnost/ekstensionalnost the subject the knowledge on acquaintance and correlates with J.Hintikki's opposition knowledge under the description (see above). Definiteness as korreljat referentsialnogo knowledge resists to the concept maintenance (intensionalnoe knowledge) which in language is expressed by a set this of two types, according to F.Raste [Raste 2001], — ingerentnyh and afferentnyh: Ingerentnye semy are in conducting functional system of language, and afferentnye - under the authority of other kinds of coding: socialised and even idiolektnyh norms. Hence, the operations, allowing to identify ingerentnye semy, differ in interpreting semantics from the operations, allowing to construct afferentnye semy [In the same place: 48].

Application of an is functional-semiotics method inevitably at the category analysis the language subject. The sign nature of a category incorporating in kognitivnoe representation and the form (sintaktiku) of a sign, and its value (lexical, grammatical), and its functional range, allows to allocate its static making (constants) and is functional-dynamic displays, for example, decentralisation (a reduction and elimination) and the is occasional-usual transformations depending on a situation of speech, a genre of speech, speech intention (intentsii) speaking, anaforo-kataforicheskogo a context, etc.

Considering the language subject as a sign, we can draw a conditional parallel between representation of a sign by Ogden and Richards [Ogden 1946; see tzh. Eko 2004] which it is possible to consider as static and schematic representation of three making semiozisa C.S.Pirsa
[A pier 2000], transferring pragmatical dynamics of a sign-kontsepta in a component "interpretanta":


The scheme № 2 Classical representation semiozisa:



T ate a sign


Concept ref erent signifikat (semantics) intensional

In static system I it is possible to notice, that the sign (the expression plan) contains two types of the maintenance: ekstensional — concept volume, i.e.

Set of reviewers, semanticheski correlating with the given (language) form of a sign, and intensional — the concept maintenance, i.e. set ingerentnyh this (on F.Raste) which distinguish one ekstensional (reviewer), one sign from another. As it was already marked, in case of the explicit language subject its value depends on both components. In the scheme II dynamics bears in itself interpretanta as internal property of a sign to be interpreted [the Pier 2000]. Only the contextually-situational use ("izotopija" on F.Raste) can reveal final interpretantu (CH.S.pier), i.e. sense of sign H in context Y (compare [Ducrot 1984]).

So in the lexicographic description of a word (sign) given at F.Raste ‘ fox ’ - "fox" there can be two ekstensionala: 1. A predatory mammal of family psovyh, with a sharp muzzle, a long fluffy tail...; 2. About the artful, flattering person... [SRJA t. P, 186-187]. Undoubtedly,
One of afferentnyh this of a word ‘ fox ’ (animal) — "cunning" (e.g., the Meeting with a fox can occur only at casual good luck: this artful and cautious predator perfectly is able to avoid danger... [In the same place: 186]), owing to some usual use, becomes ingerentnoj semoj in intensionale a sign the "fox" which reviewer is the person. F.Raste writes: the Sign / artful / has really different status in ' fox ' (/an animal/) and ' fox ' (the/person/) in which appears accordingly afferentnym or ingerentnym. As the proof, a combination a stupid fox a silly fox is quite comprehensible in the first case, but it seems strange in the second because of the contradiction in adiecto (mutually exclusive signs - A.CH.) . Means, / artful / does not enter in semnoe a kernel to which conditionally limit ingerentnymi semami. The derivational relation from ' fox ' (/an animal/) to ' fox ' (the/person/) is characterised by sign transition / artful / of the category af - ferentnoj semy in the category ingerentnoj semy (besides neutralisation other this.). Thereby it is possible, certainly to reconsider and such worthy concept, as “figurative sense” [Raste 2001, 49].

In the text (the statement, a discourse) on a surface there is a reviewer defined by all set ingerentnyh these. However emotsionalnootsenochnaja a statement framework [the Hook 1998] adds a subjective element in a kind afferentnyh this in terminology interpretatsionnoj semantics.

F.Raste in the work [Raste 2001] results as an example izotopii a phrase from the seventh chapter of the novel of E.Zolja "slaughter-house", when to a table submit a ragout from veal under white sauce. We will take advantage of it: Le saladier se creusait, une cuiller plantee dans la sauce epaisse, une bonne sauce jaune qui tremblait comme une gelee "[" Salatnik quickly became empty, and magnificent yellowish sauce shivered, as jelly, and was such dense, that the spoon stood in it upright (O.Moiseenko's transfer)]. Recurrent here it appears sema/intensity/:

Sememes The status

Sign

/intensity /

The comment
' saladier '

salatnik

afferentnyj In a context it is the most capacious ware: La blanquette apparut, servie dans un saladier, le menage n'ayant pas de plat assez grand the veal ragout - in salatnike, for the lack of the big dish (O.Moiseenko's transfer) has been submitted
' se creusait ' became empty afferentnyj Almost dense consistence is supposed limiting for a ragout,
' plantee ' stood upright afferentnyj Idem.
' epaisse '

The dense

ingerentnyj Intensive on a consistence scale
' bonne '

The magnificent

ingerentnyj Intensive on a value scale
' jaune '

The yellow

afferentnyj Very dark colour for white sauce (blanquette: a meat dish under white sauce (Larousse)); that zagustit sauce, F.Bernard provides only one yolk for four portions (F. Bernard, Les recettes faciles, Paris, Hachette, 1965) [Raste, 2001:]
F.Raste considers, that in the description of the fragment supplemented with a context,


It is absolutely ridiculous to separate ingerentnye semy from afferentnyh, underlining, that ingerentnaja sema there is a relation between sememes in the same taksemy (lexemes - A.CH.), whereas afferentnaja sema - the relation of one sememe to other sememe which is not belonging to its strict attributive set: means, it is function from one set of sememes to another [In the same place]. Thus, afferentnaja sema (or at other authors — konnotativnaja, contextual or even implitsitnaja [Kerbrat-Orecchioni

1986]) is a result of action "interpretanty" CH.S.pier who assumes as well personal, individual senses (semy) (see, e.g. about F.E.Vasiljuka's tetrahedron in [Zalevsky 2005, 120-121]).

From the point of view of our research, E.Zolja's considered phrase is an example of decentralisation or a reduction of the subject of action. The syntactic subject of this phrase ' saladier '-'salatnik ' semanticheski is object

Actions, and sema the operating subject it is concluded in a verbal sememe ' se creusait '. The reviewer is formed dynamically by expansion or narrowing of the maintenance of value, i.e. change intensionala a sign. In given izotopii (context) ' se creusait ' it is transformed to deep active model on creusait with indefinite-personal expression of the semantic subject, and the verb is contained implitsitnuju to this by "person".

In other text quality of a dish is described, but aksiologicheskaja sema "intensity", density definition (the spoon stood upright) and an estimated adjective "magnificent" are markers of the subject of the statement (the subject of a narration) and are directed on the subject of perception, the subject pertseptsii, not expressed in resulted izotopii. The figure of "observer" (eksperientsera) is as though put outside the brackets a subject situation (reviewer) of the statement, but implitsitno it is supposed a priori (compare [Ivanov 2004]). Thus, presence or absence of the semantic subject of action as sign body "person" does not mean its absence in the reviewer of a phrase for the account afferentnoj in the given context semy.

So there is a general concept of the subject (OPS) through presence of markers of subjectivity or various subject reprezentatsy (SR). Resorting to kvaziklassicheskoj — to a semiotics triangle and putting in the head the semantic subject of action, the given position it is schematically possible to present a zero sign to the scheme as follows:


However the fact of expressiveness or nevyrazhennosti the subject is defined by complexity of typology "subject-subject" of relations, i.e. the real sender and the addressee (O.Yakobson), presence in the communicative certificate which the statement is, referentsialnoj functions which mentions product of the statement speaking at level and the addressee at interpretation level in which, besides the maintenance circumstances of an external situation (interpersonalnye, argumentativnye, etc.), elements of a situation of speech in which join, as is known, and diskursivnye elements of the introduction into communications, and a modal-estimated framework of the statement and so forth [Yakobson 1975] are intertwined.

Let's consider the typology of the subject which are a subject of various concepts and researches.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
Otvety.Online. :

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