4.1.2. Latentnost the semantic subject in reflexive-passive designs

Elimination of the subject from a superficial sentence structure leads to erection in a position of subject inanimate object of interactive type.

The inanimate object in a subject role expressly or by implication demands pronominal verbs [Ruwet 1972], designating the action directed on semantic object.

We will notice, that in our terminology such object is represented as interactive (see above). Similar type pronominal verbs which a subject have an addition of a prototypical not pronominal verb, are called as objective:

Les journaux s’achetent bien (Ob ^ Pr} = On achete bien les journaux. {S (1) - Pr (2) ^Ob (3)}.

Formed from prjamoperehodnyh verbs, pronominal — are characterised by reduction of valency by unit in comparison with initial verbs. The staticized obligatory valency of a verb is directed on a subject:

(141) Toutes les lampes de l’escalier et du couloir venaient de s’allumer... (R. Sabatier. Les allumettes suedoises p. 27);

(142) On entendit la portiere de la voiture, puis les phares s’eteignirent (R. Vailland. Beau Masque p. 99);

(143) Et tu crois que? a va durer! Les autres poeles vont se rallumer d’un jour a l’autre (B. Clavel. La siason des loups, p. 76).

(144) Les coupes de Champagne se sont entrechoquees (P. Modiano. Les boulevards de ceinture, p. 199).

In offers with a pronominal passive it is meant, but is not called the semantic subject [Hrakovsky 1981]. To a subject there corresponds semantic interactive object. These designs allow to describe action from object. The subject formally is not expressed, however semantics of verbs and inanimate names, the sum of their semantic components (to-text) assumes its obligatory implitsitnoe presence.

Expressed by semantics of a verb action enters in the field of activity of the person, the subject situation is not represented possible without implitsitnogo the figure. For example:

(145) Toutes les sottises doivent se payer (A. Salacrou. Histoire de rire, p. 188);

(146) Brasilia s’est batie tres rapidement (le Petit Robert, p. 168);

(147) Bientot, un attroupement se forma (R. Sabatier. Les allumettes suedoises, p. 127);

(148) Des l’instant ou, rentrant a la maison, laporte se referme, je file dans la salle de bains me laver les mains et les pieds (S. Pasquale. Paroles de stars, p. 157);

(149) Cette jupe bleu marine se porte avec des chaussures a talon plat (bus);

(150) Une fenetre s ’ ouvrit et une lueur cireuse apparut. La fenetre se referma. On entendit les bruits de verrous. Le gros homme parut (A. Lanoux. Le commandant Watrin, p. 61);

(151) Mais il fut interrompu par le bruit d’une serrure qui grince. La porte en face de lui s ’ ouvrit, et М-me Dugrival apparut (M. Leblanc. Arsene Lupin, p. 103).

The sequence of verbs reflects occurrence of a condition of concrete objects (rezultativ), in particular change of the form, colour, the size, functioning. They can transfer the widest spectrum of actions: from occurrence before destruction and destruction of interactive object.

Semantics of verbs which reveals interaction of interactive object and the real figure in a reflexive-passive design, shows sufficient and necessary conditions for implitsirovanija the semantic subject.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
Otvety.Online. :

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  1. 4.1.1. Eliminatsija the semantic subject in passive designs
  2. 4.2.1. Latentnost the semantic subject in structures with objective nominalizatsiej
  3. Implitsitnost the semantic subject in impersonal designs
  4. 4.1.3. nevyrazhennost the semantic subject in vozvratnokauzativnyh designs
  5. 4.1.5. Implitsitnost the semantic subject in the designs formed by verbs-konversivami of type “recevoir”
  6. Semantic classification of designs with kauzativnymi link-verbs
  7. Semantic classification of designs with kauzativnymi link-verbs
  8. 4.2. Eliminatsija the subject in imperative designs
  9. 4.2. Elimination of the semantic subject by means of nominalizatsii
  10. 4.2.3. Implitsitnost the semantic subject in polipropozitsionalnom the offer
  11. 4.2. Metonimichesky expression of the semantic subject
  12. the Reasons of a reduction of the semantic subject
  13. Expression of the reduced semantic subject by a pronoun “on"
  14. 4.2.2. Eliminatsija semanticheskgo the subject from the designs formed by an impersonal turn ilу and + N
  15. 3.2. A reduction of the subject in interrogative designs of the French language