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4.2.2. Eliminatsija semanticheskgo the subject from the designs formed by an impersonal turn ilу and + N

Impersonal turn II at and + Nv / absence presence affirms as a certain fragment of the world of some action. For example:

(242) IIу eut un petit rire et Alexandre detourna la tete (R.

Merle. Weekend a Zuydcoote, p. 146);

(243) — Grenoble est une ville de passage; c’est interessant a cause du monde qu’on at voit: il at and beaucoup de remue-menage.

— Oui, les gens vont, viennent (Credif, p.46);

(244) II at eut aussi quelques cris aigres, quelques bonds, puis de nouveau une accalmie, mais illusoire, incertaine (E. Robles. La croisiere, p. 98).

Impersonal turn “il at and”, as well as existential verbs, do not open to the full intensional (the concept maintenance) semantic action. Naming events at level of the reviewer (ekstensionala), they specify in them, than come nearer to ekzistentsionalnomu dejksisu (compare [Wagner 1964]).

The turn “il at and” with a predicative name forms faktualnyj type of existential offers. For example:

(245) Paul serait reste la jusqu’a la fermeture mais il at avait au Louvre des pelerinages obligatoires (P. Vaillant-Couturier Enfance, p. 77);

(246) Petit Dore et le grand Gars se precipiterent avec une navrante impetuosite. IIу eut une bousculade a la porte. Leon Gars prit l’avantage et reussit a sortir le premier (M. Ayme. La retraite de Russie, p. 32).

The considered offers represent faktualnuju a proposition from it causally-sledstvenymi communications. Implitsitnyj the subject is concluded in a nomination of interactive object. The explication protagonista would transform resulted above a proposition in sobytijnye. Compare:

(247) P y a des petits rires a cette reponse et le Promoteur se rassoit, confus (J. Anouilh L’alouette, p. 23);

(248) //y eut quelques sifflements, grincements et chuintements, puis un paso doble eclata (A. Lanoux. Le commandant Watrin , p. 57);

(249) Il n’y a pas de coup de telephone pour moi ce matin (G. Simenon.

Maigret se fache, p. 83).

On character of action it is impossible to define the true figure. In most seme actions the abstract semantic subject is put in pawn. The information entered by a turn, turns in presuppozitsiju. Existence protagonista from which actions the certain consequences which are located in focus of the statement follow Indirectly affirms.

However informative hunger as writes N.D.Arutyunov, is satisfied with that character of incident at which the concrete noun hints, is definitely enough prompted by sense of the last [Arutyunov 1976, 143]. Indemnification of the data, concerning the real figure, occurs at the expense of a context, a situation and already available for listening data (background knowledge, presuppozitsija, etc.). The reduction of a name of the figure at syntactic level does not go to communications damage.

The design il y a + N informs on a macrocosm of the person, about the events occurring in external space for the person, therefore the turn includes a place localizer at aktsionalnom a name and has spatial orientation.

For example:

(250) //y eut des manifestations devant les bureaux de Pile Saint-Louis (G. Simenon "." La pipe de Maigret , p.68).

The investigated design designates the event which course is dependent as from uncertain, and the certain figure, however the given design is intended to inform more likely on the action and a place of its course, than about the participant / participants of described events.

As sobytijnye concepts are correlated in due course, action time finds the expression in corresponding forms of a verb “avoir”. Speaking makes validity partitioning on defined depending on duration, momentariness or recurrence of action fragments.

For example:

(251) II at eut un craquement sec, et une flamme brilla (R. Merle. Week-end a Zuydcoote, p. 103);

(252) Il y avait des jurons, des disputes (R. Merle. Week-end a Zuydcoote, p. 35).

As the language material, considerable prevalence of a turn il shows at and + N speaks that fact, that it gives the chance to keep temo-remanticheskoe statement construction in the French language and to allocate in a position remy the main semantic component — informed action.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
Otvety.Online. :

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