CONCLUSIONS

. The explicit type of elimination of the semantic subject is carried out by lexical means, way of the direct replacement sometimes objectively compelled, sometimes subjectively selected the speaking. Forms of expression of the real-life figure pronouns "on", “qui”, “quelqu'un”, “5a” only mark formal presence of the animated, reasonable figure supervising a situation at syntactic level narrative and questions.

1). Explicit elimination has a vertical orientation that allows to avoid asymmetry of semantic and syntactic levels and

Thus formally to keep for the semantic subject a subject position in the French offer.

3). In spite of the fact that the given pronouns make uniform certain system of means of formal elimination of the subject, it is possible to isolate their some differential lines:

A) the Objective reason — uncertainty, absence of knowledge causes elimination of the semantic subject by means of a pronoun “quelqu’un”.

Dejktichesky “5a” replaces the concrete form of expression of the semantic subject for the subjective reasons.

B) the Reasons of the objective and subjective plan compel speaking to use “on”, “qui” instead of particularly expressed semantic subject.

Reviewer RS (uncertain, generalised, defined) corresponds with pronouns designating it as follows:

The reviewer Reprezentativy the subject
I The uncertain quelqu’un on 5a qui
II The defined on 5a qui
III The generalised on 5a qui
IV Factor sinkretichnosti 1 2 3 4

From group of analyzed pronouns only “quelqu’un” has the form of plural and changes on sorts “quelques” — “quelques - unes”. “Quelqu’un” in plural gets distributive function, as well as a pronoun “qui”. But distributive RS do not concern a paradigm of forms eksplitsitno the eliminated semantic subject owing to strong diaforicheskoj (anaforo-kataforicheskoj) communications with antetsedentom.

E) the Pronoun “quelqu’un” is always used in the primary function - reductions of the subject. The pronoun “5a” eksplitsitno is eliminated by the semantic subject only in secondary function. “On” and “qui” eliminate the semantic subject as in primary, and secondary functions.

Dejktichesky “ga” the speaking expresses the relation to the real figure. eksplitsitno eliminating the semantic subject, speaking reduces thereby possibility of the expressed person to represent itself as the active subject and the independent figure. The explicit form of elimination of the semantic subject by means of index “d and” is used speaking for expression of various additional semantic nuances: rude familiarity, unichizhitelnosti,

Neglect or condescension.

Pronouns “on” and “qui”, expressing the certain reviewer obobshchenno, are used for strengthening of the argument stated by the subject of speech of judgement. A pronoun “quelqu’un” in the majority of the uses neutrally. (The exception can be presented occasionally, for example: «Nicolas, qui a casse le vase? - Quelqu’un»).

For definition and formal expression eksplitsitno the eliminated semantic subject should be was beyond the separate offer. The semantic subject is concretised by a situation and a context. The reviewer receives the designation also with the help anafory and katafory (to-text).

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY «the LANGUAGE SUBJECT» (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
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