nevyrazhennost the semantic subject in the nominative offer

neupotreblenie at syntactic level prezentativov “il y and”, ”c’est” allows a name expressing action, to form the independent nominative offer. Transition of such noun in the offer is considered by linguists as the special syntactic derivation connected with process of transformation of a lexical nomination in a nomination propozitsionalnuju [of Arutyunov 1971, 67-68].

The structure of nouns of type “un cri”, “un remue-menage” etc. includes to this "process" that provides freedom of their transition in the offer without finitivnogo a verb. For this reason, acting as the sign assistant to event, the noun gets the status of the independent offer. The name forming the one-compound offer, is outwardly deprived those the basic kategorialnyh properties of a verb which underlie predicativity [Lombard 1930]. Predicativity, as is known, expresses correlation of the maintenance of the offer with vnejazykovoj the validity in general, sense of the given one-compound offers - in reference of a predicative sign to the environment perceived speaking as "here" and "now".

Predicative communication between the subject and a predicate in the nominative offer is not expressed, as the subject implitsiten. The model of the offer, its lexical filling testifies To presence internal predikatsii. Nominative offers with a verbal noun give an instant picture of action and are widely used in descriptions at transfer of events. Absence of a verb raises dynamism of a narration [Tesniere 1959]. The faltering rhythm of nominative offers reflects the validity in a kind

Consecutive chain of actions, thoughts, the phenomena. The more abruptly style of a narration, the more widely possibility of its interpretation concerning the real figure. The semantic ruptures arising in the text between lexical components, are filled with the information, which

domyslivaetsja or it is initially known kommunikantam.

For example:

(253) L’auto s’arreta. Un claquement de portiere. On frappe (J-P. Sartre.

Les mains sales, p. 22);

(254) Des pas rapides. Des voix etouffees. (G. Simenon. Maigret se fache, the river 34).

Nominative phrases most brightly transfer an expression and dynamism of action.

For example:

(255) Le declenchement d’un declic„.La lueur du couperet qui tombe.

Unjet de sang... Une sourde rumeur echappee de millepoitrines (P. Souvestre, M. Allain"Fantomas", p. 374);

(256) Qa y est! Portieres qu’on ferme. Baisers par-dessus la fenetre. Mouchoirs agites (P.Vaillant-Couturier. Enfance, the river 153);

(257) Un second coup de sifflet, et la foule enfantine commen5a de marquer le pas... (G. Duhamel. Le notaire du Havre, p. 62).

Thus, the use of predicative nouns in the offer status is based appreciably on implitsitnosti the semantic subject which in analyzed one-compound offers is caused by the same reasons, as nevyrazhennost the real figure in two-member sentences: the semantic subject aktsionalnogo offers can be lowered owing to contextual or situational redundancy, uselessness, and also because of ignorance or generalisation. Elimination of the subject is reached absolute nominalizatsiej, a verbal word in the status of the independent offer.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
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More on topic nevyrazhennost the semantic subject in the nominative offer:

  1. 4.1.3. nevyrazhennost the semantic subject in vozvratnokauzativnyh designs
  2. 4.2.3. Implitsitnost the semantic subject in polipropozitsionalnom the offer
  3. 4.1. Elimination of the semantic subject in the narrative offer
  4. 1.1. Indeksalnye and nominative fields of a category of the subject
  5. 3.3. A reduction of the subject and an offer and text actual division
  6. the Reasons of a reduction of the semantic subject
  7. 2.2.2. The Lexical and grammatical paradigm of forms of a reduction of the semantic subject
  8. 1.4.2. The polyphonic subject of the statement as basic unit of the semantic analysis
  9. Implitsitnost the semantic subject in impersonal designs
  10. the CHAPTER IV. IMPLITSITNYE FORMS of the SEMANTIC SUBJECT
  11. 4.2. Metonimichesky expression of the semantic subject
  12. 4.1.1. Eliminatsija the semantic subject in passive designs
  13. 4.1.2. Latentnost the semantic subject in reflexive-passive designs
  14. Expression of the reduced semantic subject by a pronoun “quelqu’un"
  15. 4.2. Elimination of the semantic subject by means of nominalizatsii
  16. the CHAPTER III. The LEXICO-SEMANTIC FIELD of MEANS RE DUKTSII of the SUBJECT IN the FRENCH LANGUAGE
  17. Expression of the reduced semantic subject by a pronoun “on"