5.1. Subjectivity/ objectivity in semantic structure of a phraseological unit

Introduction of the indefinite-personal pronoun reflecting reflexing subject, does the statement "more objective", possessing bolshej argumentativnoj by force. Indefinite-personal statements aspire to generalisation, and consequently, and to objectivity.

With especial clearness this property is shown in language phraseology when fixedness of the form and the maintenance, on the one hand, relieves of responsibility with speaking (enuntsiatora) for reliability (probability) of a proposition, and with another, supposes ambivalence of interpretation of the subject - of the addressee of the stated proposition in refraction to own knowledge (presuppozitsii) and to a dialogue situation. For example: On ne converse pas avec les fous ni avec les clochards [Andre-Larochebouvy 1984, 5].

Not casually, in force all the same human reflexion, object of judgements and conclusions becomes language [Language 2000], rechemyslitelnyj the process defining the language person [Sentries 2007], its valuable thesaurus and degree normativnosti behaviour (including speech [Sternin, 2000]). However for reflexion transfer in a phraseology plane it is necessary to translate the subject speaking and intentsionalnyj on level of the subject-protagonista, to enter it in a proposition. Here the spirit of the people (on V.Humboldt), a picture of the world both language, and ethnic and kognitivnoj the person (subject) [Sentries 2007], having, depending on the purposes and the situations of dialogue corresponding to a nomination is shown.

As proclaim in the known work in J. Lakoff and M.Johnson, ... kategorialnaja the system is not realised. About the majority of trifles by which we do every day, we simply do not think, and we do them more or less automatically under certain schemes. That represent these schemes — not clearly. One of ways of studying of it is supervision over features of functioning of language. As communications are based on the same kategorialnoj to system which is used both in thinking, and in activity, language appears the important source of data about this system [Lakoff 2008, 25]. Authors assume, that the basis kategorialnoj systems by the nature is metaphoric [In the same place].

The phraseology including paremii, fixes certain "ready" set phrases which are not deprived subjectivity in language. Well-known, become ‘ a platitude ’ (paremiej) the statement de Gaulle Je vous ai compris — is situational (war in Algeria) and is subjective (the subject — kognitivno-intentsionalnyj the thesaurus and the status of the subject - the president de Gaulle).

Classification frazeoparemy, entering in kategorialnye fields of speech or intellectual activity of the subject, is reduced to aksiologicheskoj to a triad (+/-/0) where the zero position is meant as ambivalent characteristics of object. However what role of the subject in the field rechemyslitelnoj activity? Resulted above three here remain ipostasi: protagonist (+ a somatic metaphor/metonimija),

intentsionalnyj (aksiologichesky) the subject and enuntsiator in frameworks lokutsii the given phraseological unit (a phraseological nomination) in situationally caused speech interaction: (-) Mais, tete de bois, on parle the slave de ces choses-la! (7 ^); (-) Les fous inventent les modes, et les sages les suivent (VOUS / ILS); (0) C’est dit d’abondance de c&ur; (+ (JE/TU/IL); Qui langue a — a Rome va (ON).

Semantic obobshchennost, the indefinite-personal form of the subject allow to track a statics and dynamics of metaphorical realisation of the subject-protagonista in phraseological units and paremijah (paradigmatically and sintagmaticheski), that supplements a language picture, for example,

rechemyslitelnoj activity, allows to define the situational

aksiologiju a phraseological unit which entirely concerns to cumulative ipostasi enuntsiirujushchego and intentsionalnogo subjects. The use range dejksisa — from personal pronouns before transformation or eliminatsii (“Vouloir c’est pouvoir") allows to reveal the subject-protagonista

Involvement speaking in a phraseological nomination on parametres "subjectivity/objectivity", leaning against correlation

"subektnost/bessubektnost" corresponding syntactic model S - V-O and other leksiko-syntactic models of the statement.

Vaguely-generalizirovannyj the subject is not expressed by a separate word and not characterised neither in the area of a sort, nor in the area of number and the person. Formal elimination of the subject and actualisation of action also make to the pragmatist of similar reflective statements [Rylov 2006, 67].

<< | >>
A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
Otvety.Online. :

More on topic 5.1. Subjectivity/ objectivity in semantic structure of a phraseological unit:

  1. the Reduction of the subject in semantic structure of a phraseological unit
  2. 2.10. The phraseological units including in the structure of a lexeme of semantic sphere "music"
  3. 1.3 Problem of understanding of a phraseological unit in aspect philological germenevtiki
  4. 1.4 Phraseological unit as metaphorical means of awakening of a reflexion
  5. semantic differentiation of Russian and Vietnamese phraseological units with names of plants and their national-cultural originality
  6. 1.4.2. The polyphonic subject of the statement as basic unit of the semantic analysis
  7. Aleksandrova Elena Vladislavovna. the PHRASEOLOGICAL UNIT AS the NATIONAL-CULTURAL METAPHOR: FILOLOGO-GERMENEVTICHESKY ASPECT. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2015, 2015
  8. Aleksandrova Elena Vladislavovna. the PHRASEOLOGICAL UNIT AS the NATIONAL-CULTURAL METAPHOR: FILOLOGO-GERMENEVTICHESKY ASPECT. The dissertation AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2015, 2015
  9. 2.1. Semantic structure of a metaphor
  10. 1.7 Presence of a component otsenochnosti in semantic structure of the legal term
  11. 4.2. Semantic level of structure of legal ideology