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the CONCLUSION

the Category the language subject bears in itself a metalanguage component as it is a question of the language. However this reflective metalanguage property is inherent in any significant language element if to speak about the expression plan.
Thus considered category not only formally sends us to purely language, leksiko-syntactic subcategories of type a subject, an impersonal design, neopredelennolichnoe a pronoun etc., it has difficult kognitivnuju structure which binds the plan of expression and ontologiju the named category. First of all it is represented by concept of the subject, polisemija which varies depending on a scientific paradigm of its research.

Whether all values of concept "subject" are included into a kernel kategorialnogo representations of "the language subject? On the one hand, all is simple, if it is a question of syntax. At all inversions through raznoporjadkovye syntactic units of many languages it is deduced invariant: the subject - the figure making action, or the assistant to the subject (subject reprezentativ - SR) or, at last, its absence as that (a significant zero) - in case of impersonal representation of the validity. Under the form it is obvious ellipsis, vosstanavliemyj from the point of view of the maintenance plan. In Russian in an impersonal design (BK) there is no also a hint on the language subject even if it is used in speech by a certain absolutely real person.

However Russian means a dichotomy of the subject that?/who? And absence compensating it indirect pronouns, adverbial modifiers of place, time, the conditions specifying on the subject of the statement.

In the French language given morfosintaksicheskaja the lacuna is filled obligatorno at the expense of impersonal il or index c'est (yes). These pronouns sintaksicheski are fulfilling duties the subject.

Thus, subject intentsija (the maintenance plan + the expression plan) belongs to the one who has brought into the world the given statement in the given communicative situation. The question in, whether enters speaking in a category the language subject or remains occasional lokutorom (manufacturer) of the statement.

Being based on the sintaktiko-semantic analysis of the offer (statement), we consider, that speaking remains on periphery kategorialnoj to the information, as well as BK in Russian and French languages.

If to assume, that the internal structure of a category is organised in the form of a field then head elements concern arising the first, at level of reflective realisation, kategorijnye avtomatizmy — transcendental concepts - constants at category actualisation the language subject. Such categories first of all are expressed by two personal pronouns I and You, and they form sinergeticheskuju a generality (I you ^ You). "I" assume "You", as well as on the contrary. And this mutual sinergeticheskaja ipostas protivopolozhena "not-person" (IT and THEY), on E.Benvenistu, the essence expressed by 3 person of the subject.

However the contradiction consists that the language subject is inseparable from the social subject including all three persons in the form of the points of view on object of the statement (the subject-objective of the relation). Thus, in the statement and in a discourse we observe hierarchy subektsubektnyh and the subject-objective of relations:

I - YOU
WE THE VERBAL OBJECT
IT - THEY KERNEL ACTIONS
In a discourse processes of asymmetry of the plan of expression and the maintenance plan are observed at generalisation of the subject, a reduction or its deposition, however the subject indirectly gives the chance to present the given functional dynamism: possesive, index mestoimenijahmi and

Others COMPARE


In a work of art the subject of speech can represent itself as author's "I", the storyteller, the witness or the participant of event. This or that type of the subject of speech enters into a discourse of new characters with which enters interaction in rechemyslitelnom process. Thus it is produced it is composite the difficult fabric of a narration including, besides the author and its sight at an event, speech, thought, judgement, representation of characters, and also other elements of the real and imagined world which are relevant at present for built enuntsiatorom a discourse.

Polyphonies of a category the language subject can be protivopolozhena sinergeticheskaja model of a kernel of a category. Internally dialogicheski connected, sinergeticheskie I/you can include real manufacturers of a discourse — speaking and listening — these interaktsionalnyh prototypes of the author and the reader. The modal-estimated framework enters roles intentsionalnogo, the worrying and estimating subject, both speaking, and listening. In propozitsionalnom the field a role of the subject is carried out protagonist (figure) who can be polyphonic simuljakrom all listed above roles. Its immanent quality — to remain at the bottom level of hierarchy of lichnostno-grammatical classification of a kernel of a category the language subject, that is to correspond with a pronoun IT even if IT accepts the person I or You (propozitsionalnyh).

Thus, a category kernel the language subject sinkretichno combines in itself speaking, worrying and protagonista at three levels hierarchical sinergeticheskoj models of a kernel of a category the language subject. Despite lexical and grammatical and pragmatical transformations, we at level kognitivnogo knowledge can define step-type behaviour of syncretic expression I/you/it, in whatever lexemes they were reflected or not reflected absolutely (implitsitnost, ellipsis). In the appendix II the example of deeply personal, metaphoric poetic speech where THEY become YOU (and, the reference of the author includes the appeal to great deceased, to past shades) is resulted, and the author () represents itself (died) in image the eternal health-resort visitor (IT-).

Research has shown, that the problem of the subject and its expressiveness concerns not only superficial (semantico-syntactical) level (see above), but also deep — kognitivnogo and pragmatical (subektsubektnogo, interaktsionalnogo), — shown in phraseology and paremiologii. This paradigm comes nearer to studying of functional aspect of subjectivity in political speech interaction, advertising, manipuljativnoj communications, etc.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
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