the Reduction of the subject in semantic structure of a phraseological unit

As is known, the phraseological resource of any language is formed as korreljat a national lexicon on purpose, on the one hand, metaforizatsii nominations or predikatsii, and with another — stereotypifications of language expression of judgements, mental reprezentatsy (Gestalt) in the form of ready judgements which the antique rhetoric [Aristotle 1975] mentions still.

Phraseology functioning was always marked by subjectivity as idiomatics and furthermore paremii, expressed a modality of the statement and, even when made a proposition, under the status statements [the Hook 1998] concerned an ekspressivno-estimated framework.

As it was specified, statement process (‘ enonciation ’), or judgement actualisation in speech, assumes at least three ipostasi the subject: 1) the subject speaking (enuntsiator), 2) the subject worrying (intentsionalnyj) and 3) the subject operating (protagonist) [the Hook 1998, 558-560]. In the phrase which left from under a feather of A.S.Griboedov and has become paremiej of Russian, whether It is impossible to choose far away for walks a back street? Both the subject govorenija and the addressee — implitsitny. However are easily assumed and even are identified at performance viewing, play perusal (Famusov — Molchalin).

"Having come off" the play text, the phrase became "flying" and paremicheski is used in suitable (stereotypic) situations (the speaking opposes occurrences in the given place of the addressee). From the syntactic point of view there is "elimination" both superficial, and the deep semantic subject, i.e. appears so-called "impersonal" (it, sometimes) a "rhetorical" question [In the same place: 401]. However from the pragmatical point of view we implitsiruem both speaking, and the addressee. Moreover, we ascertain argumentativnuju and illokutivnuju the purpose of the given statement (subektsubektnye agonalnye relations).

Thus, at the heart of formation of phraseological units generalisation of the subject lays, which leads semantic kvazibessubekt - nosti (in the presence of the speaking subject) and pseudo-objectivity of such set phrases. However the is functional-semantic analysis shows various typology of the subject and its is formal-substantial characteristics in phraseological units and paremijah the French language depending on structure and semantics of the language subject.

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A source: ALEXANDER MIHAJLOVICH CHERVONYJ. STRUCTURE And FUNCTIONAL DYNAMICS of the CATEGORY the LANGUAGE SUBJECT (ON the MATERIAL of the FRENCH LANGUAGE). 2014
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