the Urgency of a theme of research

The outstanding Russian philosopher of the XX-th century, the known seminary student and the historian of church archpriest George Florovsky in the well-known composition Way of Russian divinity, briefing a Christian sight at importance of studying of a historical heritage, wrote: Last destiny of Russian divinity was for me always history tvorimoj the present in which it was necessary to find itself [1].

In these words the idea about indissoluble communication of the past and the present according to which history studying is necessary not only for the sake of satisfaction for only one curiosity and at all is expressed because minuv - tttih times we find a key to a solution of the processes occurring in the present in events. The past represents a material forming an image of the modern person so, is not lost heritage, and past and the present in one person, that is eternal. For this reason especially important studying not only certain geopolitical processes, wars, cataclysms, etc. is represented., but also lives of those who defines itself history, that is usual people. Thereupon modern researchers the increasing attention give to social history which problem includes not so much studying of the large foreign policy events which have defined a course of world history, how many consideration of the separate human destinies hidden behind them. The given research also is devoted studying of one of aspects of social history of our country, namely history of clergy of the Russian orthodox church on an example of the Voronezh diocese in second half XIX - the XX-th century beginning.

The urgency of the chosen theme is caused, first of all, by that, in - the first, the church throughout centuries played the important role in a spiritual life of the Russian society. Our history is inseparable from Orthodoxy. The thought on indissolubility of secular and church history for our country was remarkably expressed by the outstanding domestic seminary student of the beginning of the XX-th century archimandrite Ilarion (Troitsk). In 1918 during discussions of patriarchate restoration on pomestnom a cathedral of the Russian church he has said following words: Call Moscow heart of Russia. But where in Moscow Russian heart fights? At a stock exchange? In trading numbers? On Kuznetsk to the bridge? It fights, of course, in the Kremlin. But where in the Kremlin? In district court? Or in soldier's barracks? No, in the Uspensky cathedral. There, at a forward right pillar Russian orthodox heart [2] should fight. Our past developed under direct influence of Orthodoxy which has in many respects defined an originality of cultural shape of the Russian state. Studying of the past of church allows to understand many questions not only a religious life of our country, but also its civil history.

Secondly, the theme urgency is connected and with an insufficient level of scrutiny of last Russian clergy, first of all, at regional level. It is necessary to underline, that with reference to territory of the Voronezh province of considered time the given theme was not a subject of independent research. Meanwhile, the regional material allows to track feature of a life and way of the simple provincial is sacred-clergymen and it is better to understand the processes occurring in bowels of rural clergy, most closely adjoining to the country population of Russian empire.

Thirdly, necessity of research of history of parish clergy is proved as well by that special social role which it played histories of our country, being one of conductors of the state ideology, and also carrying out of the important cultural-educational problems. The clergy in the course of the service realised variety of the functions which frequently are not concerning to svjashchennicheskomu to service directly. For this reason research of its past can throw light and on history of other estates closely connected with it.

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