3.2. B.Akunina's project "Genres" - a collection of "pure" genre samples

The literary project under the name "Genres", characteristic various genre experiments, has been begun by B.Akuninym in 2005 After conceived tremendous success at readers of a series «New detective» the author decides to create something unlike the detective novels with their genre ambiguity, diskussionnostju and vneramochnostju.

B.Akunin in one of interview underlined: «.zdes"pure"samples of different genres of a fiction will be presented, and each of books carries the name
Corresponding genre. The first volley - three books «The children's book», «The espionage novel», "Fantasy". In the further plans - «the Family saga","the Industrial novel","the Terrible book","the Female novel"etc."(Akunin, Interview to the"News"newspaper, 2004: an electronic resource).

By 2005 in a series "Genres" there were 4 books of authorship of B.Akunina («the Children's book», «the Espionage novel», "Fantasy", "Quest") and one book, «the Children's book for girls», written together with one of the most known network writers of the present - Gloria Mu.

In creation of this project participated at once three large publishing houses, helping the writer to achieve integrity of perception of this series of books: "nuclear heating plant", "Zaharov", "OLMA-PRESS". It is necessary to note kontseptualnost the editions, expressed first of all in design of covers of this series of books on which insects are represented: «the Children's book» - the butterfly, «the Espionage novel» - a spider etc. This detail which at first sight in no way has been not connected with a literary component of the project, is the extremely important. After all this series of products of B.Akunina - certain insektary (capacity for cultivation of insects) in which ideal copies of various literary genres contain. Here so figuratively and very visually explains the plan the writer.

The project «Children's book» opens. The text name is its genre nomination and represents a two-member design.

The first part sends us to the children's literature which concern, in - the first, the products written for children and teenagers; secondly, the oral and written texts created directly by representatives of this age category can be ranked as the children's literature; and, at last, in - the third, it is products which initially have not been addressed youth, but, anyhow, became popular this environment.

As a rule, in the art texts concerning the children's literature, children or teenagers become protagonists, however such literature causes interest not only in contemporaries of characters, but also at adult readers.

Thus, creating the product in a genre of "the children's literature», B.Akunin has an opportunity expansions of the reader's audience at the expense of attraction of young readers.

The second component of the name of the project is even more interesting to research. The conditional genre designation of "book" in reader's perception goes back to base human and Christian cultural values - Bibles (in a translation from Greek - the book), the Life Book. Not casually therefore the central hint of the text becomes bible and Lastiku Fandorinu it is necessary to search for that apple-diamond which throughout already 2000 brings to trouble mankind at any attempt to break its integrity.

The sense of this genre definition is read out by children's consciousness a little differently. To the child of 7-9 years traditional nominations of a genre: the novel, the story etc., - will not give anything for understanding of structure and specificity of the maintenance. Reader's experience of children is still insignificant, therefore the general characteristic - the book suffices them. Besides, a vivid example and the sample of a genre of "book" for them is «the Book of jungle» («The Jungle Book») R.Kiplinga.

Z.G.Krivousova in article «in« "B.Akunina's" to Children's book notices Literary plots, that the author intentionally differentiates adult and children's perception of this product also at level of additional genre definitions (primary genre definition - the novel - then varies on the story, «.kotoraja, besides, it should not be perceived as a fairy tale» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 6). The researcher asserts what to "Perceive" the Children's book »as the novel children because of exceeding the typical story for children of volume and the big number of characters can only.

For the adult reader it is the story: in the centre of attention of the author one protagonist which line of adventures subject courses keep within, - all events move through perception Lastika »(Krivousova, 2014: 135).

Product has two more additional subtitles: «the Children's book for boys» and «the Children's book. Travel to time».

The first assumes a number of probable interpretation. Saying, that this book for boys, the author hints at preparing second children's book - for girls (which was published later). B.Akunin creates «a cycle in a cycle»: arises dilogija in the basic series - the project "Genres". It, in our opinion, confirms the fact of an accessory of its products to the popular literature (let and higher level), including gender aspect at addressing of products of a reader's audience («the female novel», «a female detective», etc.).

On the other hand, use by the author of a subtitle «for boys» is spoken about its good knowledge of the children's world, after all by sexual differentiation - one of the most important and difficult processes occurring at children's and youthful age. The gender competition and protivopostavlennost at children's age is shown very brightly. Boys will read this product actually because it is addressed directly them and the protagonist is the boy - Lastik. And girls will read this book, carrying interest to learn, that the author wished to inform such especial to boys. Thus, the subtitle «For boys», on the one hand, marks correlation of this product with concrete set of texts (popular literature), with another, shows a marketing step for audience attraction.

The second variant of a subtitle «Travel to time» also gives to the reader some possibilities for interpretation.

First, these direct instructions on feature of the future plot, after all the protagonist of product Lastik Fandorin will travel in time.

Secondly, such subtitle gives the chance intertekstualnoj games of the author with the reader, causing in its memory known products to which children travel in time and space («Alisa in the Country of miracles», «Alisa in the World behind the looking-glass» L.Carroll, «the Surprising wizard from the country Oz» F.Bauma and A.M.Volkova's transposition «the wizard of the Emerald city», «Chronicles Narnii» K.S.Lewis, etc.).

B.Akunin's genre game continues and in these texts, underlining, that all event in the book should not be perceived as a fairy tale, after all «all events described in it have occurred actually. And, maybe, at all once» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 6), and there and then using the fantastic formula of a beginning: «there Lived-existed the boy.» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 6). In our opinion, in this case B.Akunin skilfully plays with reader's expectations and acts as the expert on children's psychology. The closest and clear to children a genre - a fairy tale. All of us begin our way to the literature with fairy tales. However products of large volume (as analyzed), children can independently read in 8-9 years, in so-called psychological negation of "childishness". This factor takes on arms the writer, creating the product in the fantastic form, but constantly paying attention of the reader that it at all a fairy tale. Occupying with this reception of the child seriously, the author draws also an adult audience which perfectly understands all "fabulousness" of truthful history and attentively starts to watch subject peripetias of the book.

The further narration only strengthens sensation of fabulousness of an event on product pages. «The ordinary unusual boy» Lastik Fandorin, as well as the hero of folklore and literary fairy tales, was not the carrier of any outstanding qualities: «First, Lastik was in a class the smallest on growth. Secondly, on a teeth at it were metal brekety. Thirdly, it badly made progress in mathematics, and school in which it studied, called« Lycée with an is natural-mathematical bias ». The main thing, Lastik has come to a class the latest when all already had time to make friends, and the new friend, moreover such small growth and with a curve teeth, was necessary to nobody» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 7).

As well as in national fairy tales, Lastiku it is necessary to overcome three (sacral for the Russian and world culture, traditional number in folklore) tests with which to it arranges certain Van Dorn, appeared subsequently its distant relative. Lastik shows the boldness, resource,

Magnanimity and luck - by these criteria Van Dorn selected for the important mission of one of descendants Teo of the Crusader.

Having got acquainted with the future saviour, Van Dorn tells, what for the assistant-lastik is necessary to it, revealing before it secret of their sort. In days of crusades their far ancestor Teo the Crusader has been awarded for the feats very modest, at first sight, by an earth site. Trying to find out on it water, Teo very big diamond of unusual, iridescent colouring in weight in 64 carats »finds«. Under Z.G.Krivousovoj's fair remark, this history reminds the medieval tale of chivalry built in the basic text (Krivousova, 2014: 135).

Then B.Akunin even more complicates genre structure of the product, including in a fabric of a narration a parable about the Paradise apple which throughout a large quantity of years brings misfortune to people. About that Apple, «about which it is spoken in the Bible» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 51) which have broken Adam and Eve and because of which now in the world on 64 carats it is more malicious, than good. This apple, according to Van Dorna, - «quintessence of Harm. In it improbably concentrated charge of malicious, destructive energy contains. While it was under reliable supervision, in the Paradise Garden, the Universe flourished. When the Paradise Apple was pulled out on freedom and has swept on light, the History of Mankind mostly consisting of villainies and crimes» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 52-53) has begun.

One of the key moments of traditional folklore magic fairy tales, according to V.J.Proppa, is that «magic means gets to the order of the hero» (propp, 2001: 42), a being or essence, i.e.: «1) animals (a horse, an eagle and so forth); 2) subjects from which magic assistants (ognivo with a horse, a ring with good fellows) are; 3) the subjects having magic property, as, for example, cudgels, swords, a psaltery, spheres and many other things; 4) the qualities granted directly, as, for example, force, ability to turn to animals etc. All these objects of transfer are called as us (while conditionally) magic means» (propp, 2001: 42). And in hands Lastika
Fandorina the magic book-computer "unibeech" helping it to be guided in space (to search hronodyry), carrying out function of the encyclopaedia, the translator etc. the assistant Traditional for magic fairy tales - in this case the computer - a thing which is playing a huge role in a life of modern children and being a certain marker-conductor of a mass culture gets.

Researcher Z mentioned by us. G.Krivousova also underlines, that acquaintance Lastika with mission coming it occurs according to principles of the science-fiction literature. Van Dorn, the heading Royal centre of experimentally-applied technology, constantly underlines, that all its words are checked up scientifically and that he not tells fairy tales, and «states scientifically confirmed, though also to very few people the known fact» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 61). Also, according to the scientist, «nauchnoyofantasticheskaja the line is supported in the book with a hint on the novel of brothers Strugatsky« Difficultly to be the god ». So it is named a central board in a part« The day before yesterday »in which it is a question of attempt Are brisk and Lastika to carry out reforms for the power blessing» (Krivousova, 2014: 136).

"Component" of the Children's book »is also the fragment from Life Blazhennomudrogo of miracle man Erastija Soljansky, dated« 7114 (1606), which as almost all written certificates of that vague epoch, subsequently it has been destroyed. From the manuscript belonging to a feather of the unknown author, only one column (roll) which we and result here in transfer into modern Russian »(Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 335) by miracle has escaped.

The head "The day before yesterday", narrating about time of board Lzhedmitrija I, besides the historical story, is also the psychological story in which it is told about the first love Marinas and Lastika and Straws Are brisk also.

In the head "Tomorrow" the protagonist of product gets to the future. This plot also is one of the most popular in science-fiction children's stories. As truly considers Z.G.Krivousova, in such products heroes get in «idealizirovannyj the world of an advanced civilisation, as it

There is in «Fog Andromedy» I.Efremova or in books of G.Martynova less known now («the Visitor from a chasm» and "Kalipso") and V.Milenteva («Ordinary Memba»)»(Krivousova, 2014: 138). Such products

Are created in a Utopia or anti-Utopia genre to which it is possible to carry the specified chapter of considered product of B.Akunina.

Thus, addressing to the genre form of "book", B.Akunin creates the polygenre text in which various literary genres harmoniously intertwine: from ancient (a parable, the medieval tale of chivalry) to modern (a Utopia and anti-Utopia).

It is necessary to notice, that this form gives to the author freedom in stylistics and plot choice. The author manages to combine successfully special lexicon, a way of construction of the phrases specific to children's speech: «So, has run out Lastik from an entrance in a court yard of the house... No, at first it is necessary to tell about the house and about a court yard, and that will be not clear.» (Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 11), «anything to itself

"Ordinary" »(Akunin, the Children's book, 2009: 6), etc. On E.A.Avvakumovoj's supervision,« in comparison with the "adult" text "Azazel", in «the Children's book» in ready smaller quantity are used the isolated circumstances, the isolated definitions, specifications »(Avvakumova, 2011: 62), that also approaches language of this product to a manner govorenija children.

«The espionage novel» became the following novel which has left in a series "Genres". The author explained such sequence of the publication of the products in one of conversations: «With rupture in a week there are at once your three novels. It is new game in a literature genre? - Most likely, this my representation how those or other genres should look. It is the children's book which it would be interesting to me to read the child. Or the espionage novel which I would like to read, being the teenager. Or the fantastic novel, which would be interesting to me, when I became adults» (Akunin, My murderers., 2005: an electronic resource).

«The espionage novel» - one more of B.Akunina's products, successfully picturized in 2012 the Main problem of a screen version was, by a recognition
The author, uncertainty of that, «as this imagination to transfer on the screen. Because it is written as realistic product, and the phase lag in the end begins, you get to other reality.» (Akunin, I bear responsibility., 2012: an electronic resource).

The product plot sends us to the Great Patriotic War beginning. B.Akunin in this novel tries to comprehend the historical reasons of treacherous attack of Germany to the USSR in 1941 On a plot of the novel the German prospecting service on the eve of inevitable war the operation, which purpose is spent - to convince a management of the Soviet state that in 1941 of attack will not occur. The main figure of this operation - agent Wasser (Vasser).

The Soviet investigation in the name of the chief of special group "Invention" of major Alexey October and the second lieutenant of a state security Egor Dorina (obvious sending to surname Fandorin) is engaged in capture of the German spy. In the product ending it appears, that mission like is executed, Vasser attack date is grasped, declassified. With its same confidence it is possible to consider ruined since the German agent has had time to affect the government of the country before the capture and aggressive actions concerning the USSR have been carried out.

To a genre of "the espionage novel» B.Akunin as we remember, already addressed in the project «New detektiv» (the novel «Turkish gambit»). In «the Espionage novel» besides already mentioned in a detective about E.P.Fandorine of a genre layer, the writer uses and «parodies style sotsrealisticheskih espionage novels with their ideological constants and stereotypes (zabrasyvanie agents through border, radio operators, spies, mystifications, ambushes, pursuits)» (CHernjak, 2007: 192).

The novel is covered utrirovannymi by ideological statements and slogans, the author fills the text with various realities of that time. For the first time seeing the father of the beloved, Egor notices, that it was «the elderly man with a small beard, as at Michael Ivanovicha Kalinina» (Akunin, the Espionage novel, 2014: 47), at Egor's acquaintance with Nadej for it it is very important,
The member of the Komsomol it or not, etc. As marks M.A.Chernjak, «all attributes of the espionage novel are specified by ironical display of" the language person of the "present" Soviet scout », its ideological zashorennostju and limitation. For example, Dorin, the true member of the Komsomol, with suspicion estimates strange sample of the Soviet newspapers which is done by the father of its beloved Nadi doctor Vikenty Kirillovich:« The choice at it was wonderful. Is not present to esteem about news of the socialist industry or about conference Moscow oblpartorganizatsii - he chose any small things, and in its execution it sounded somehow suspiciously. Factory "Совсоцпитание" masters manufacture of vegetable oil from a nettle and a tall weeds. In selhozarteli name Pavlika Morozova the sow has brought 31 pigs. Management the REGISTRY OFFICE marks growing popularity of names of new type: Solidar, TSika (from the Central Committee), CHernysh (in honour of the proletarian writer Chernyshevsky), Zapokom (For a communism victory). Like anything especial, and in reading Vikentija Kirillovicha left nonsense »» (CHernjak, 2007: 193).

From the point of view of following to a genre canon, this product, certainly, - «the Soviet novel about spies», constructed on «to struggle of the Soviet security service against foreign spies, in the end of inevitably coming off second-best» (Hrapunovich, 2016: 167). Vasser has been exposed by the Soviet

Scouts, it is interrogated by them by means of specially developed preparation doing the person incapable to keep the thoughts. October with Dorinym have learnt exact number of an attack of Germany to the USSR.

The outset in novels of the given type is standard: on O.V.Feduninoj's supervision, the normal current of a life «in the Soviet society as a whole is broken or the separate hero, it is important, that this infringement was natural accident» (tsit. On: Hrapunovich, 2016: 168). So occurs and to the protagonist of "the Espionage novel» Egor Dorinym, the champion of a sports society "Dynamo" in the second average weight, the first-rank sportsman preparing for the ending of superiority of Moscow. Before Egor possibilities to become the master of sports open, to reach the final of the championship of the USSR. However
In his life there are 2 events which are pushing out it from a reality: he meets girl Nadju with whom unexpectedly falls in love; right after fight to it offer confidential work on neutralisation of the enemy of the USSR. So that "unusual" day and Egor's feelings is described in the novel: «But today shots [girls - JU.P.] it did not interest, it got accustomed more on a habit. Interest loss, most likely, was time, not for ever - until the future champion of Moscow will not understand one phenomenon, at which svetloyorusaja a plait to a belt and unique green eyes» (Akunin, the Espionage novel, 2014: 25).

Thus, the author creates again a synthetic genre: the novel plot about spies is diluted with a love collision. However, as such texture of genres very traditionally for the Soviet espionage novels is marked in A.I.Hrapunovicha's article: «As the true follower of all known literary scouts-spies, Soviet security officer Dorin is popular at an opposite sex, but chooses to itself one -« unique »» (Hrapunovich, 2016: 168).

As we already marked in the previous chapter, one of basic signs of the espionage novel is presence of opposition "-another's". Actually, the plot outset is interfaced to infringement of spatial border, at interosculation of "another's" and «» elements. This fact underlines also A.I.Hrapunovich, saying, that «central for the Soviet espionage novel the opposition"-another's"characterises also an image of space. Penetration of another's element (spy) in« the space becomes a plot outset, and neutralisation of the spy - an outcome »(Hrapunovich, 2016: 169).

However, as in «Turkish gambit», in «the Espionage novel» not all so is unequivocal, as in socialist realism products: «And you as thought? If the enemy it is obligatory also the swine? It start up agitproprabotniki to the population brains powder, and we with you professionals, to us little fools to be it is impossible - so not for long and an error to make. No, Egorka, fascists the same people, as we. And self-denying among
Them is, both kind and fair. Here a joke not in the one who is better who is worse. A question - who of whom: we them or they us. Because to two our designs on the earth of a place will not suffice »(Akunin, the Espionage novel, 2014: 191), - the major speaks to the October young subordinate.

Polemic with a genre canon arises in the text ending. According to norm any novel about spies should come to an end with a conclusive victory of "" over "strangers". However in considered product the template collapses: agent Vasser carries out the problem set for it.

The novel "Fantasy" narrating about accident, occurred in 1980 became the following within the limits of the project "Genres". On May, 10th the trip bus as a result of inexplicable circumstances turns over near to Moscow. All passengers of this bus perish, however two of them - to Robert Darnovskomu and Sergey Dronovu - by miracle manage to be rescued. In the novel there are no direct instructions on communication of these young men with well-known detective Fandorinym, however their surnames all the same can cause corresponding associations.

Both heroes, having regained consciousness after the happened tragedy in resuscitation, find out supernatural abilities: Darnovsky can read thoughts, and Dronov - to move much faster ordinary people. According to M.Chernjak, «the impossibility to connect two"gifts"is, on Akunin, - a recognition of impossibility of existence presently« the ideal hero ». It is remarkable, that this idea is put in pawn and in« the serial protagonist «fandorinskogo a cycle». Erast Fandorin represents type of the clever, talented, fearless detective-intellectual who has appeared, by a recognition of the author, «the emotional invalid» »(CHernjak, 2007: 197).

Though destinies of two characters long are not crossed, they are expected by vital and professional success: Darnovsky moves upwards on a career ladder, Dronov becomes the well-known sportsman. Thanks to the girl involved in notorious failure possessing strong intuition and ability to influence an emotional background of associates without words, men meet.

In this case «the scheme of a fantastic genre is used by Akunin primitively enough and reduced to operation of widespread stereotypes» (CHernjak, 2007: 198), the writer uses «only certain set of stamps, transforming the text in a puzzle» (CHernjak, 2007: 199).

Simplified nature is shown already at level of the title of the text, after all the science fiction genre possesses a large quantity of various specific interpretations. B.Akunin maintains one of the most settled stamps of the fantastic literature and cinema - about intrusion of aliens. So, the terrible failure which has carried away lives almost of all passengers of the bus, was a consequence of collision with inoplanetnym a flying machine. Subject markers of a fantasy are traced in the basic conflict of product (when heroes of the novel understand, that they now "mutants" and behind them watch aliens and employees of special department of KGB) (CHernjak, 2007: 199).

Plot turn when both heroes start to reflect on the Gift, testifies to expansion of horizons of a genre of science fiction in the considered text: «As you have disposed of the Gift whoever has given it to you - the God who is not present, aliens who too are not present, or concussion of brain cages? You could get into secrets of human consciousness and subconsciousness, to become the ingenious psychotherapist, the comforter suffering or a voice bezglasyh, and instead ten years rummaged in a manure heap, vyklevyvaja therefrom pity remains» (Akunin, the Fantasy, 2014: 379). Under M.A.Chernjak's fair remark, in this case the author «uses moralising receptions of novels of a socialist realism» (CHernjak, 2007: 200).

The novel "Quest" (2008) interests readers, critics and literary critics first of all in the unusual form. "Quest" exists in two full variants: electronic and paper. It is important to notice, that the electronic version of the novel is not simple representation of the text on the computer screen, and one more variation of the given product. It is added by several games-quizes, slide show and references-explanatories. However in this version of the novel there is no second part of the paper version - "helps".

"Quest" - one of B.Akunina's the most discussed novels in the scientific environment, in view of presence of a game component. Authors of the majority of works about the given novel tend to understanding of its genre specificity as innovations ("novel-quest"), and in the text see characteristic game for a postmodern (Isakova, 2013: 72—73). Critics and scientists were divided into 2 camps: one praise the novel for uniqueness and speak about successful attempt of creation of new genre structure, others name Akunin "grafomanom", try to lower advantages of product (Laktanov, 2009: an electronic resource) also doubt necessity of occurrence similar «the game form».

Scientists-philologists notice, that «occurrence of the new literary genres focused on use in the text of interactive strategy, and, as consequence, occurrence of a genre of the interactive literature is connected with orientation to simplification and entertainment of the reader» (Isakova, 2013: 72). In such novels the reader starts to feel the importance, participation in plot formation, under condition of observance of rules which are established in advance by the writer (H.Cortazar «Game in classics», to G.Garrison «Become a strong rat!», M.Pavic «the Hazaria dictionary»). We will notice also, that a birth of such genre as the novel-quest, have anticipated J. Faulz in the novel "Magician", K.Williams in the product "Masquerade" and D.Brown in «da Vinci Code», having constructed them on solving of puzzles and riddles. And B.Akunin already used similar reception in the novel «F. M» Offering the reader most to comprehend a book secret, for what promised the award - a ring with a brilliant, ostensibly belonging F.M.Dostoevsky. Thus, occurrence of a genre of the interactive literature is caused by social requirement: occurrence of new type of readers and necessity of attraction of their attention.

The end of Hh Th and the beginning of XXI centuries pass under the aegis of development the Internet - of technologies and strengthening kommertsializatsii literary activity. To win an audience, to expand the market, writers resort to a various sort to receptions. Inclusion new connected with the named tendencies
Attributes of a life of the modern person in products - a sure version of "mobilisation" of a fresh reader's audience. This circumstance becomes a certain push to formation of such synthetic genre as the novel-computer game.

Thus, formation of a genre "novel-quest" is caused socially and quite naturally. Genetically this novel is the successor of products of a genre "novel-game" and its limited variant.

Why "quest"? « Quest (English quest), or adventure game (English adventure game) - one of the basic genres of the computer games, representing interactive history with the protagonist operated the player. The major game elements in a quest genre are actually the narration and world inspection, and the key role in game process is played by the decision of puzzles and the problems demanding from the player intellectual efforts. Such characteristic for other genres of computer games elements as fights, economic planning and the problems demanding from the player speed of reaction and fast reciprocal actions, in quests are shown to a minimum or at all are absent »(Vikipedija: an electronic resource). It is possible to name a quest genre the most intellectual genre of computer games. Intellectuality, in turn, is one of conclusive lines of literary style of B.Akunina focused both on mass, and on the elite reader. Mind game - here that is close to B.Akuninu. And guessing of riddles - the employment favourite by all of us still since the childhood.

It is necessary to notice also, that the quest genre is very successful way of immersing (initially player, and at B.Akunina - the reader) in other reality. E.P.Isakova in article «the Novel-game.» Says that the main principle of a such genre version is «TINAG (this is not a game)... Assumes, that the space created by the author should exist not under game laws: the author creates illusion, that telephone numbers, e-mail addresses and even the heroes mentioned in product, exist actually Founders Are behind a curtain, them
Existence in doubt the author pushes the reader to a correct train of thought and helps to find answers to the riddles ciphered in the text »(Isakova, 2013: 73). Thus, illusion of a reality which is reached by B.Akuninymi by inclusion in an outline of a narration of real historic figures becomes essential characteristics of required genre formation: Kutuzov, Bonaparte, Rockefeller (in the book - Rotveller), personal pharmacist Napoleon etc.; a mention real-life presently or existing before realities: that Galton the North was the Nobel winner, OGPU, Razvedupr RKKA etc. we Will note also, as existence of the author of this book - G.Chhartishvili is mystified, the author writes this novel under B.Akunin's pseudonym, having thus still a number of pseudonyms.

The novel has a ten-private composition:

— The dictionary of necessary terms (Further - the Dictionary);

— Intro - «an introductory roller, the small cartoon film which is a prologue to game» (as it is explained in the Dictionary) (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 6) and telling about confidential laboratory in which certain Ajbolit has been shot by two unknown persons; however after their leaving «... Doctor Ajbolit has begun to move, villages. Has fastidiously pulled off from a head soiled red a cap.» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 14);

— Profile - «representation of the character» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 6) from which the reader learns about itself - the character of game; about the one who such Galton the North, than he is engaged etc.;

— Tutorial - «the training stage, allowing to accustom with a game mode» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 6) in which the player-reader gets acquainted with the chief, Dzhej-Pi Rotvellerom, receives the task and chooses to itself a command;

— 5-9) Level 1 level 5 - «game levels» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 6) - actually the basic action of the novel;

— 10) Final level - from which we learn about "Judges", "Receivers", «a power elixir», «an immortality elixir».

Transition to each new level of the novel is accompanied by helps - the codes, which in itself form one more plot which is carrying away us in days of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Game-quest in B.Akunina's this novel is sjuzhetoobrazujushchej. Three heroes constantly face problems which it should be solved: to choose the true capsule left in far 1812 Samsonom Fondorinym, to solve value of records of professor Gromova, and formation of the group - business rather responsible for Galtona the North.

The first paragraph of the novel - a laboratory reconstruction in which works certain Ajbolit: «.na the whitest tiled walls blikujut sparks - reflected light of numerous lamps and bulbs: bright and dim, white and colour, exactly burning and it is rhythmical pomigivajushchih.» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 7). This description pushes on thought on a screen projection of the monitor of the computer consisting of set of flickering multi-coloured pixels-bulbs. The author concludes, that the laboratory is similar on «a shot from a film under Herbert Wells's fantastic novel» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 7). The cinema mention in which people - actors play certain roles, becomes one more marker of a genre of "novel-game".

Game begins, when time "is nulled": «.hronometr

Has registered the beginning of new days: in the bottom line designating time, «11.59» has turned in «00.00»; in calendar instead of «14.04» has appeared «15.04»; in a line of year («1930») changes have not occurred »(Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 7) (it is necessary to notice, that fans of computer games become more active during dark time of days). In the book prevails computer, game hronotop (the novel introduction; the basic part with a settlement-commune locus« the Lenin way »where protagonists get and where existence is subordinated to certain rules:« Here even night birds did not shout. Wood seemed absolutely lifeless. The sandy path bent around a site and again left in wood. A room - simply picture. »(Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 532-535).

«The unique inhabitant of wonderful laboratory», represented in first two paragraphs, receives the code name or nik - "Ajbolit". Practically at all characters of the novel is similar niki: Kroll - the Rabbit, the professor - Ajbolit, immortal Kashchej, Dzhej-Pi Rotveller - the Inhabitant of heaven, the Tree, the Rhinoceros, the Mr. of One Percent, Zoe - the Egyptian cobra etc., even the unit of the scientist-ajbolita - samogonnyj the device, the Central Committee - Chain Dogs, and phone and at all receives the name "PS", that «.вообще meant« a reception - secretary »» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 11) under the version of the director of laboratory, and the reader pushes on association with abbreviation PC - personal computer.

At the characteristic of shape of heroes narratoru the reference of attention to external details is peculiar: «the Scientist resembled kind doctor Ajbolita: greyish espanolka, old regime eye-glasses, only a sight blinked faded the eye very much was sharp, too fast and avaricious movements» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 8); at times an image of the character zhivopisuetsja through elements of an interior of dwelling (the description of apartment of the North (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 45)). Even emotions of heroes often receive only external expression, for example, about anger Rotvellera: «Wax nostrils Rotvellera were angrily inflated, eyes threw lightnings» »(Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 26).

Acquaintance of the reader to the protagonist of the novel occurs quite in the spirit of a computer game where the player is offered to enter game as the character: «Imagine, that you call Galton the North, that to you the thirtieth year old and that you are engaged in the most interesting trade on light - experimental pharmacology...» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 15). On all workers at Rotvellera there is not a file, namely "file"; all actions of characters are is standard caused; the protagonist of a quest is offered to solve a standard problem for a quest: «.otpravitsja to a scene of action. To find. To stop. To open tightly sealed secret. To find out, which scientific body is engaged in" a genius Extract ». To establish, researches have how much far promoted. To destroy the reached results.» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 35). The same as and in a computer game, to the protagonist
It is offered to choose to itself group of assistants from the several offered variants.

So, heroes of the novel-quest appear at a reader's look characters of a computer game: the reader sees them how could observe on the monitor screen. The concept of figurative system of the given novel is completely subject to laws of computer games.

The lexical layer of the text in key positions (the name of all product, the name of heads, the description of characters, etc.,) is presented by prevalence of lexemes with semantics peculiar to computer games and games in whole (theatre, cinema, children's games): Ajzenkopf seemed to the North «an automatic doll», «a wax doll», instead of the person it had "mask" (as at the actor); Zoe Nord who has practically late for the steam-ship names «a devil's doll», steam-ship decks on which heroes walk, receive the name "levels".

From the point of view of syntax of the text interesting there is such component of representation of thoughts of characters as the list. Thought process of the protagonist is often expressed in the form of the list: «.galton expected to understand the thoughts and feelings. First, to make the primary analysis of working capacity of a command. Secondly, to consider possible difficulties on a piece of a way from porta.do the Soviet border. Thirdly.» (Akunin, the Quest, 2012: 81). The arch of vital rules of G.Norda is given in the beginning of the novel in the form of the register. Internally Galton touches the possible reasons of a call its Inhabitant of heaven and results them again in the form of the list. The designated textual form is convenient and evident for perception of the addressee, therefore is often enough used in computer games when it is necessary to find the problem decision, to list the basic possibilities of the hero etc.

Last product which has left within the limits of this project, the Children's book for girls », composed by Gloria Mu on« B.Akunina's scenario »is«.

By analogy to the first book of this series, already the main heroine, sister Lastika Fandorina of Gel, travels in time in attempt to find
Sacred Fruit. As this book is written by other author only under the scenario (the cinema term not peculiar to the literature as an art form) B.Akunina is used, we will not speak about features of stylistics of the given product. We will note only important lines:

- It is a sequel «the Children's book for boys». The term "tsiklizatsija" in this case can be replaced on "serialnost" - one of base principles of a mass culture and the literature (we can speak about conscious addressing of the book of a wide audience of readers). We will note also one more line, allowing to carry this product to the popular literature - aktsentuatsija on differentiation of readers to a sexual sign and active use of stamps of a mass culture: Gel, as well as any modern girl, dreams to become the actress, she watches the weight («for a month of sitting behind the computer and grandmother's feeding of Gel has recovered on three kgs» (Gloria Mu, 2012: 15)), the hobby of the girl - «to search on the Internet for stuff» (Gloria Mu, 2012: 30) etc.;

- "Childishness" of product is shown again in "fabulousness" of the text, after all the "ordinary" girl becomes the most unusual traveller in time: «And here Gel - the most ordinary, as, for example, Olezhka the Weaver». Certainly, the daddy says, that ordinary people on light are not present, all people especial, it is necessary to look narrowly... »(Gloria Mu, 2012: 17). Also the plot of travel in time becomes a marker of the children's literature also;

- Genre komplikatsija it is characteristic for the analyzed text in ready smaller degree, in comparison with the first book of this series. In our opinion, genre complication occurs only at plot level (an episode of love Gels and SHCHura).

Thus, we have revealed, that the project "Genres" defined by the author as the catalogue of "pure" genre forms, in categorical sense that is not. On the one hand, B.Akunin actively uses the "stamps" created by mass consciousness concerning separate literary genres, with another
The parties, moves apart genre borders, again entering in polemic with a genre canon.

The writer receives some kind of the "distilled" genre forms added and expanded at the expense of other literary traditions. Agreeing with M.A.Chernjak that «in the project.primitivnye genre formulas have resulted« genres »and to a certain pauperisation of literary toolkit» (CHernjak, 2007: 202), we will underline, that despite it, B.Akunina's prose still keeps popularity at the addressee - the modern middl-reader. Even «Children's books» are filled by the various historical realities which abundance will push away the unsophisticated and uneducated reader.

Creating own genre of the novel-quest, B.Akunin leans against postmodernist tradition, adapting it to modern realities.

All products of the given cycle are interconnected among themselves, have the various general (and to other texts of the writer) subject sendings, that as a result combines them in the uniform project.

Let's note kinematografichnost and vizualnost the considered products: illustrations in «Children's books», signs "IS coded" in «the Espionage novel», special structure "Quest" and, certainly, screen version presence «the Espionage novel».


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A source: Ponomareva Julia Vladimirovna. the GENRE ORIGINALITY of PRODUCTS + AKUNIN. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2018. 2018

More on topic 3.2. B.Akunina's project "Genres" - a collection of "pure" genre samples:

  1. subjects POV in a position "patriot" - "proponent" and "opponent" - "analyst"
  2. § 1. Genesis of terms "promise", "bribe" and "lihoimstvo" by the Russian right XIV-has begun XX centuries
  3. Teoretiko-legal research of a parity of concepts «the person,« the physical person, "citizen", "person", "individual", "Everyone"
  4. about the legal maintenance of concepts "protection", "protection", "preservation" and «steady use»
  5. § 1. Concepts "subject" and "object" of the operating criminal legislation, judiciary practice, philosophy and jurisprudence
  6. 3.2. Information support of acceptance of administrative decisions in a battalion "supply" oao "agromash-holding"
  7. 1.4.1. The typological characteristic of a modality through a prism filologiyocheskoj germenevtiki: opposition of concepts "value" and "sense"
  8. § 3.3 Justices of soul and justice of the policy in "State" and Platon's "Laws"
  9. Definition of the price of the bargain on association of "Buyer" and "Object"
  10. § 1.1. Concept "abstract" both "concrete": philosophical and legal аспектні
  11. §2. Attempts of the "limited" and "full" internationalisation of the Cyprian conflict (1964-67)
  12. § 1. Standard fastening of definition of concepts "interest" and"affilirovannost"
  13. § 1.4.2. A parity of concepts "recognition" and "execution" of a foreign judgement.
  14. "identification" of corporation with other connected persons ("identity") and «getting responsibility»