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Gogol in perception Aldanova

Mark Aldanov, one of the most formed and erudite writers of "the first wave» emigrations, was perfectly familiar both with N.V.Gogol's creativity, and with scientifically-critical works, to it devoted.

In sketches, obituaries, publicistic works and works of art, its correspondence with writers-contemporaries Gogol "word" constantly sounds.

Nevertheless, sendings to person Gogol and its characters in heritage Aldanova are a little studied. To V.Sechkarev Pushkin and Gogol in products Aldanova »[159] has devoted to consideration of the given question the work«, to a theme retseptsii Gogol V.V. Shadursky [160] addresses. On supervision V.Sechkareva, Gogol is mentioned Aldanovym as often, as well as Pushkin; the relation to it the same as and to Pushkin - the worship for its genius, but in speeches of characters is more than reservations and they more veski [161].

For the first time mentions of Gogol meet in debut research Aldanova «Tolstoy and Rollan». Aldanov compares Gogol and other classics to "idol" - Lev Tolstoi, but this parity, as well as in a case with Pushkin, - not in favour of Nikolay Vasilevicha. Gogol living «government tips, petitioning for them through III branch», immeasurably below Tolstoy [1, with. 107].

"Checking" Russian and world classics, Aldanov names Gogol among those writers who «served ideas":"I have come to conclusion, that Balzac was the unique big writer, any idea not serving. In the Russian literature, of course, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Gogol, Turgenev

163

Served ».

A.S.Pushkin, L.N.Tolstoy, F.M.Dostoevsky, A.P.Chekhov has devoted a little literary-critical and works of art, he in detail and unexpectedly sharply argues on Gogol in article «Hundred years of Russian art prose». He is surprised with Gogol from it «amazing, but all the same grotesque (and consequently with easier) truthfulness». According to Aldanova, «almost all Russian writers learnt to something and saw in it the appointment But sometimes demands with which their talent or their genius had no anything the general» were made to writers. Gogol, «the great artist, could not learn, as itself knew very little, and in areas for the doctrine especially important did not know absolutely nothing». And in spite of the fact that Aldanov puts in one number of two great writers - Nikolay Gogol and Lev Tolstoi, notices, that they «on - russki» «absolutely incorrectly, throwing down to each phrase wrote a challenge to grammar» [162 [163].

In the developed review of V.Nabokov's book "Nikolay Gogol" Aldanov the personal opinion on Gogol also expresses. On its belief, Gogol, «at the most original genius, was much easier», than it is represented by Nabokov, «is easier from the first page with conversation of two than" Russian ”muzhiks And the young man in white kanifasovyh drawers to last with the noble bastard-prince and its inimitable“ certainly, the set innocent ”» [164] will suffer also.

In 1948 Aldanov together with J.M.Tsvibakom has arranged in America monetary gathering in favour of Bunin. Pride prevented to accept to the Nobel winner the help from friends, on what Aldanov has reminded it of Gogol, on itself felt need: «For God's sake, do not say, that it“ shameful business ”etc. At all times - even during the best times - the most famous writers often could not live work,
And, from Goratsija to Gogol and to our contemporaries, lived appreciably that their friends collected for them money. believe to me, anything "shameful" in gathering in your advantage is not present, and I could be convinced of how you are esteemed by people,

166 giving money... ».

The facts from Gogol and Bunin's biography help Aldanovu with disclosing of own person. So, concerning reproaches in the address in "rusofobii" he writes V.A.Maklakovu, that to them « were exposed Bunin and, apparently, Kljuchevsky not to go back to Gogol. Me it is very far both to Bunin, and to Kljuchevsky, and the more so to Gogol. Nevertheless this reproach is deserved by me no more or more likely

167 it is even less, than them ».

In our opinion, more objective estimation of person Gogol and to its heritage Aldanov gives in creativity.

In the novel «Live as you want» JAtsenko as if continues thoughts Aldanova stated in aforementioned article: «Even my favourite Gogol constantly changed plans, did not know, that will be further. He, however, and in general knew nothing, Pushkin shamed him, that he at all does not know the western literature. Among our classics Gogol was the unique person having little education, and from it that so has magnificently blossomed now has gone. But to it, and it to one, it did not prevent to be the great writer...» [5, kn. 5, with. 36]. It seems, that for JAtsenko, as well as for most Aldanova, Gogol existed in two ipostasjah: on the one hand, the great writer, the artist of a word, and with another - not understood, and because and not taken place teacher of a life.

2.2.

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A source: Zhiltsova Elena Aleksandrovna. the RUSSIAN CLASSICAL LITERATURE In I.A.BUNIN'S PERCEPTION And M. And. ALDANOVA. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Great Novgorod - 2013. 2013

More on topic Gogol in perception Aldanova:

  1. § 1. «Gogol - the basten writer. Great, remarkable, unusual, nevertheless basten»: the person and Gogol's creativity in Bunin's perception
  2. Gogol in Bunin's creative perception
  3. Chapter 2. N.V.Gogol in I.A.Bunin and M.A.Aldanova's estimations
  4. § 2. «The writer it was, of course, incomparable»: Gogol in creativity Aldanova
  5. Chapter 4. A.P.Chekhov in I.A.Bunin and M.A.Aldanova's creative perception
  6. Zhiltsova Elena Aleksandrovna. the RUSSIAN CLASSICAL LITERATURE In I.A.BUNIN'S PERCEPTION And M. And. ALDANOVA. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Great Novgorod - 2013, 2013
  7. ZHILTSOVA Elena Aleksandrovna. the RUSSIAN CLASSICAL LITERATURE In I.A.BUNIN'S PERCEPTION And M. And. ALDANOVA. The dissertation author's abstract on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Great Novgorod - 2013, 2013
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