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the Basic maintenance of the dissertation

In Introduction the urgency and scientific novelty of research, its theoretical and practical importance is proved, are defined the purpose and work problems, theoretical and methodological base, the positions which are taken out on protection are formulated.

The separate attention is given to the review of a creative way Don-Aminado.

Analysis subject in chapter 1 «the Basic motives of pre-revolutionary poetry Don-Aminado» became motives of the collection of verses of "a war Song». In paragraph 1.1 - «the Concept of motive and motivnoj structures» - is paid attention of the theory of motive and one of the basic concepts used in the dissertation - «motivnaja structure» is defined.

The term "motive" is treated by researchers of the literature extremely ambiguously because is defined from different positions: from the point of view of a theme, event, a plot, a plot. Definition of the term "motive" varies from the most simple (where the main sign considers its repeatability) to
The most difficult (in definition variety of components is combined). In development of the theory of motive in a domestic science of first third HH century it is possible to allocate four approaches in treatment of this phenomenon: semantic (A.N.Veselovsky, A.L.Bem, O.M.Frejdenberg), morphological (V.J.Propp, B.I.Jarho), dichotomizing (A.I.Beletsky) and thematic (. V.Tomashevsky, V.B.Shklovsky, And. P.Skaftymov).

Leaning against the theoretical concept. V.Tomashevsky and taking into consideration research And. V.Silanteva, the author of the dissertation defines motive as the minimum indecomposable semantic part of product which differs stability, has the kernel a keyword and is allocated on a semantic dominant, repeats in art structure of some products and possesses ability to be combined with other semantic units and to act in the text in the form of a number of variants which depend on a context. In dissertational research the classification of motives offered is used. V.Tomashevskim. The literary critic allocates two kinds of motives: the basic and collateral (secondary, lateral). The basic motive is an original kernel, a core of lyrical product on which secondary motives are strung.

In the dissertation attempt to specify concept motivnoj structures which for today has no fixed designation in literary criticism is undertaken. Under motivnoj structure the author of work understands system interrelation and orderliness of motives which create external integrity of products and their supertext unity. It is thus noticed, that motivnaja the structure reflects specific features of a picture of the world of the lyrical hero.

Analysis subject in paragraph 1.2. «Motivnaja structure of the collection of verses“ war Song ”» motives of early lyrics Don-Aminado are, allowing to reveal one of the main features of creativity of the poet - many-sided nature of perception of the world, ability to estimate the same event from the different points of view. Thus evolution of perception by the poet of occurring events is accurately traced. So, in the collection of "a war Song» the motive of war which appears in three ipostasjah becomes the core: war imagined (apprehended through a prism of book representations), war real (death and sufferings) and war as threat to the world ( destruction of a western civilisation).

War imagined appears at the reader in poems "Talisman" (1914), «There!» (1914), «So it is necessary!.» (1914), "Game" (1914). War described in these products is far from a reality: steady book emblems, major tone and patriotic pathos do not transfer tragic element of war and muffle personal experiences of the lyrical hero.

All poems of the collection are united by the general motive of war receiving special development in each product. So, in a poem "Talisman" it is transformed to motive of fight, heroic battle. The lyrical hero goes into battle, as on a feat, thus, implitsitno in
The text there is a motive of a feat. It is underlined, first of all, at lexical level. The author uses the lexicon ennobling heroism of battle in fight: «solemn cliques», «a sword steel», «I lower an edge» [41 [1].

Essentially important in understanding of an author's position and the relation to war there is a poem "Game" (1914) where motives of war and game, being the cores, appear closely interconnected and are synthesised in uniform motive - war as game («I the artist! Whether also calm, whether a thunder-storm, / I love only shine and game!» [47]). Such rapprochement explains knizhno-romantic perception Don-Aminado bloody war.

As soon as the lyrical hero faces face to face war, with death, the war image in poems becomes more realistic, no less than experiences tested by the hero. In verses «the feeling of loneliness and defencelessness of the person in the face of a military thunder-storm» [2] dominates. War bares not only imperfection of the world, human cruelty, but also forces the lyrical hero to reflect on an own life, to understand true and false values. In poems there is oppositional pair of motives: lie / the truth («these days...», 1914, «One of many», 1914).

From tragedy of destiny of the person on war Don-Aminado addresses to more scale theme - to perception of war as threats to all world (to "France" (1914), «the Rejmssky cathedral» (1914-1915), "England" (1915), "Germany" (1914­1915), etc.). In a poem «the Rejmssky cathedral» (1914-1915) Don-Aminado does not hide the indignation of barbarity of "the German savage» and as the personal tragedy is perceived by western civilisation destruction. The motive of destruction material (a cathedral as a structure) evolves in destruction spiritual (a cathedral as a symbol of spirituality which means nothing for barbarians-Germans).

Considering «war Songs» in a context of creativity of the poet, the author of the dissertation notices, that the given collection differs more simple motivnoj structure: the basic motive of war is accompanied by relatives on semantics motives of destruction, suffering, death. In the collection evolution of perception of military events is distinctly traced: from the romaticized representations about war Don-Aminado comes to comprehension of tragedy of the person, and then and all western civilisation. Estimating early products from the point of view of a genre originality, it is necessary to notice, that they mismatch a genre of "lyrical satire» while the collections which have left in emigration, to the full reflect an essence of this literary concept.

At the same time it is possible to speak about a generality of some basic moments, characteristic for all creativity of the poet.
For example, throughout decades Don-Aminado has kept many-sided perception of the world. If in the first collection it concerns wars in emigrant editions of poems in the same way, from the different parties, Russia is shown: the lyrical hero that feels pressing nostalgia sees in it only modern Bolshevist country. As well the emigrant life is perceived differently: Don-Aminado ruthlessly derides emigration, but then itself searches for a pacification in a life.

The second chapter - «Motivnaja structure of early emigrant creativity Don-Aminado» - is devoted the analysis motivnoj structures of the first collections of verses the Don-Aminado which has left in emigration. The revolution which has come true in 1917 in Russia became an original starting point of formation of the modern history, a new cultural life. As V.A.Keldysh has noted, October, 1917 became large date from which are counted «not only new political, but also new literary processes» [3]. To the writers who have left Russia emigration seemed «mission on preservation of cultural wealth of Russian culture» [4], national experience in hope of the future revival of Russia. In this connection the motive of nostalgia and memory of Russia becomes one of dominating motives in their creativity.

The irreconcilable relation to the Soviet power formed motive of renunciation of new Russia, aversion of the Soviet validity in products of writers of Russian abroad. The motive of emigration, «hopelessness of attitude of emigrants» [5] as the life and a daily life made the basic part of existence abroad becomes one of leaders.

«A smoke without fatherland» - the first collection of verses the Don-Aminado which has left in emigration. Its name goes back to Ampere-second expression. Griboedov «And the smoke of Fatherland to us is sweet and pleasant» [6] which, in turn, is borrowed from a poem Derzhavin "Harp": «It is lovely to us the message about our party is kind: / Fatherland and the smoke to us is sweet and pleasant» [7]. Thus, in the name of the collection the native land theme is declared as main.

Classical expression Don-Aminado in own way reinterprets «a fatherland smoke»: the pretext "without" cardinally changes not only value, but also mood, attitude of the hero. The collection name adjusts at once the reader on concrete perception of an artistic image: "smoke" is a life or a condition of the external world surrounding the hero, a certain ambiguity, uncertainty which is caused by that the lyrical hero is deprived
Fatherland. In consciousness of the formed reader at once there will be an antithesis: «a smoke without fatherland» - «a fatherland smoke». If to start with expressions of classics «the fatherland smoke» "is sweet and pleasant". From here it is possible to draw a conclusion, that the primary goal Don-Aminado - to show, what «a smoke without fatherland»: it is sweet or gorek.

The collection «the Smoke without fatherland» included poems 1920-1921 But even throughout such small period creative evolution of the writer and change in development of the basic motives is obviously traced. The hero of the first emigrant collection Don-Aminado as marks L.A.Spiridonov, «the ordinary Russian emigrant lost, lost the way in darkness of own searches, painfully grieving for the native land lost for ever» [8].

In poems of 1920 Russia appears as the torn to pieces country exhausted with own people. The lyrical hero strictly and with condemnation responds about reality. Motives of a sin, destruction and payment for sins, punishments («At a kingdom gate","it is very simple», "Svershiteli", etc.) prevail. In many poems Don-Aminado 1920 of memoirs of the lyrical hero about Russia are connected with negative emotions, very often the hero sneers and sneers at the validity, in tone of its words it is possible to distinguish even embitternment home and on the world for the position of the emigrant. In motivnoj to structure of products of 1920 the motive of memoirs is one of dominating, but thus has negative emotional colouring, it is accompanied by lateral motives of condemnation, unbelief: « Lived nasty and poorly. / and anybody, anybody from us / Never believed in God »[62]. The image of the native land appears inseparably linked with the Soviet Russia in this connection in poems of the given period receives the development motive of condemnation, aversions of new Russia and its new political mode:« I would send them to devil's mummy! »[63] ("Edem").

Gradually attitude of the lyrical hero varies. On change to rage, insult, indignation that it is possible to name actually nostalgia comes. Memoirs on the native land are filled by silent grief and melancholy. In poems there are Russian and Moscow realities, details of a life, a life of the lyrical hero in Russia. In motivnoj to structure of poems of 1921 the motive of nostalgia is allocated as dominating, on it motives of grief, loss, memoirs ("Invincible", "Paris", "Humility", etc.) are strung. In due course in creativity Don-Aminado varies the rigid, irreconcilable, bilious relation to the past and the present of emigrant intelligency. Gradually intonations in poems are softened. The grief still does not leave the hero, but its tonality varies: it is not so gloomy, gloomy grief, and silent humility, comprehension of pleasure of a life, possibility of its continuation. In poems motives of humility, updating, life acceptance sound: « If only to wish, / It is possible to understand much. / and to understand and undergo, / If only to want »[85].

In connection with such evolution differently it is possible to interpret and the name of the first emigrant collection of verses Don-Aminado. On the one hand, «the smoke without fatherland» is a smoke of civil war, which objal all country living, as if in charcoal fumes from this smoke. And this smoke torments and forces to suffer the lyrical hero who is far from the native land. On the other hand, «the smoke without fatherland» is "vague" and "easy" («on Seventeenth of September») a smoke of memoirs. But in any case, this smoke appears bitter, especially because the author as the representative of intelligency, feels on itself all measure of responsibility for occurred to Russia.

Feelings Don-Aminado were divided by its many contemporaries about what we find certificates in their creativity. So, for example, in the collection of verses of Sasha Cherny "Thirst" (1923) motives of nostalgia and memory often sound. This book, «entirely constructed on motives and images of the left past, testified to aversion it of an emigrant life» [9]. The collection consists of the several sections, two of which - «Another's sun» and «Russian pompeja» - directly focus attention on memoirs on Russia. It is remarkable, that, as well as at Don-Aminado, at S.Chyornogo in the title of final section of the book («Russian pompeja») the motive of destruction and  destruction sounds. If at Don-Aminado the smoke of the ashes of civil war, at Sasha Cherny - full breakdown and  destruction of the native land (Russia became a victim of hostile forces as once pompeja has disappeared from the face of the earth because of a volcano) is meant. Recollecting Russia and drawing pictures of last life in the verses, the poet tries «to recreate lost and, alas, irrevocable paradise what now to it the former life» [10] saw.

The collection «Ottsvetshaja a geranium became P.P.Potyomkin's which has left in emigration the first book. What will not be» (1923). Such name of the collection brightly reflects an author's position: the poet does not build illusive hopes to return home and understands, that Russia already never will be former. «Full gloomy loneliness on foreign land - here a leitmotif of verses of the poet written to emigrations» [11]. In collection poems motives of memory, nostalgia, a hopelessness often sound.

Despite affinity of motives and similar perception of the emigrant and Russian validity of 20th of XX century in verses of different poets, creativity Don-Aminado distinguishes aspiration not simply to establish the fact of a sad life in exile, but to find the reasons of the developed situation and to try to find in itself forces to live further. This tendency to aspiration to glorify a life, whatever it was, will develop in more mature emigrant creativity of the poet.

Evolution of outlook and attitude of the author is shown in motivnoj to structure of its poetry. If in poems of 1920 the motive of destruction, a pain, sufferings, in 1921 - motive of nostalgia and memoirs prevails. The general character of products of 1920 can be designated as ironical, satirical, (many poems are topical on subjects, are sated by realities modern to the author of a life), and in poems of 1921 it mainly lyrical (poems, as a rule, abound with memoirs, from the present the author leaves in the past). Varies as well mood of the lyrical hero, its relation to the world. In poems of 1920 it is embitternment, insult, horror, criticism of the terrible validity. The mood of nostalgia, grief, love for the past later comes.

In creativity Don-Aminado one of central is the collection of poems «Having thrown with a raincoat» (1928). It is the second book of the verses which have left in emigration. In it the author continues to develop motives, characteristic for its former creativity («the Smoke without fatherland»), but as a whole poems get the big lyricism, the caustic sarcasm is replaced by lyrical irony. The collection «Having thrown with a raincoat» included the poems written in 1926, 1927, 1928 Motives of nostalgia and emigration are in it the cores.

In poems of many poets-emigrants motives of memoirs and nostalgia are leaders. Recreating in the products an image of Russia, poets try to idealise it; thus, against an emigrant life last life is perceived even more expensive and lovely, the pain from its loss is even more sharply felt. In poetry Don-Aminado a native land symbol becomes Moscow. The Moscow realities symbolising the house, are characteristic in the basic 1926 for poems in which the motive of the house becomes the core («Tatjanin day»). In some poems the motive of the house extends from limits of Moscow to all Russia («Woman's summer»). In poems of 1927 the motive of the house evolves in motive of homelessness and wandering, thus the house durability of life and self-affirmation of the person appears not so concrete, and the certain abstract concept, symbolising as itself. The lyrical hero of a poem «Sentimental record» feels itself as the wanderer, he does not feel the owner of own life in exile and is obedient accepts such fate, «smirjas and not complaining» [95].

The pair of motives memory / zabyvanie represents a certain synthesis in creativity of many writers of emigrants. And, in particular, in motivnoj to structure of poetry Don-Aminado, it is of great importance. It is possible to tell, that the motive zabyvanija designates itself a certain transitive stage in creativity when motives of nostalgia and memoirs leave on the second plan, giving way to motive of glorification and life acceptance. So, the lyrical hero of a poem «Cities and years» (1927) recollects what already is not present, namely a smell of Russian snow: «Only it cannot recollect / the Heart remembering many» [90]. Thus, tragical isolation of the lyrical hero from the native land is underlined: memoirs on another's, nonnative cities appear fresh, more brightly and more long, than representations about the native land.

In poems of 1926 motives of nostalgia and grief are the cores, but nevertheless in some of them the withdrawal from this tendency which will receive the fullest development in products of the next years is planned. So, in a poem «the Appeal to vivacity» the core becomes motive of the statement of a life: «the Person, be not discouraged / on a fifth, not differently» [107]. The planned tendency of reconciliation with a life gradually outgrows in creativity Don-Aminado in life declaration. Vital motives most typical for poems of 1928 («Having thrown with a raincoat», «September roses», «the Spring prologue», "Thunder-storm", etc.). Don-Aminado calls for a new life: «we Will imagine, that we as before, are young, / That to us as before, much is given! it is time to reject despondency for a long time...» [86] (a poem «Having thrown with a raincoat»).

Such «an appeal to vivacity» and life acceptance, according to the author of the dissertation, is, perhaps, exclusive feature of creativity Don-Aminado. Its many contemporaries have more pessimistic sight at an emigrant life.

Thus, motivnaja the collection structure «Having thrown with a raincoat» is represented rather difficult. If in poems of 1926 and partly 1927 motives of memoirs, nostalgia were the cores, and the general tone of products pessimistic in poems of 1928 these motives leave on the second plan, the motive of the future becomes the core vital, and on the emotional colouring optimistical. Transition from despondency and pessimism to optimism occurs gradually: for poems of 1927 reconciliation with the validity, the silent grief far with despair, coming nearer to an enlightenment and vospevaniju lives is characteristic.

Not casually therefore the collection «Having thrown with a raincoat» is called as the author under the poem name in which the despondency and grief, and optimism sounds not, pertinent even in emigration.

During the analysis of the poems which have made collections of 20th, the author of the dissertation reveals the basic, most frequency motives in creativity Don-Aminado. Located as chronological occurrence and development, these motives allow to reveal evolution of creativity of the poet: destruction, death, a sin, punishment, nostalgia, memoirs, life acceptance, updating, belief in the light future. As a leitmotif the motive of nostalgia as it is the most frequency these years is allocated. From embitternment on destiny the poet comes to glorification of a life and to pleasure to it. The general tone, mood of poems varies: the lyrical hero comes from pessimism to optimism. This transition is carried out gradually, as an intermediate stage it is possible to allocate prevalence in poems of mood of silent grief, overcoming of despair, occurrence of hope of the happy future, and subsequently - confidence of tomorrow.

The motives expressing to feature of the art world of late emigrant creativity Don - have appeared an analysis subject in the third chapter - «Motivnaja structure of late emigrant creativity Don-Aminado» -
Aminado and fixing its accurate, built structure. Motivnaja the organisation of creativity of the poet of the given period (collections «Not dull garden», 1935, and «In those fabulous year», 1951) is based on motives of emigration, memoirs, nostalgia and senselessness of a life.

The collection «Not dull garden» left in Paris in 1935. As marks L.A.Spiridonov, «to the beginning of 1930th the life in Russian Paris has considerably changed: stories about flight from Bolsheviks have left in the past, have ceased debates“ the East and the West "," Europe and we ”, courts over intelligency» [12]. Small Russian "small town" on Hay became, in opinion Don-Aminado, «not dull garden». Thus, in the name of the collection the author declares the basic theme of all poems which have entered into it: a life of Russian emigrants in Paris.

The collection poems have made 1927-1935 Motive of nostalgia becomes secondary and sounds, as a rule, in poems of the end of 1920th later products are devoted modern to the author of a life of emigrants. In motivnoj to structure of the collection of verses Don-Aminado «Not dull garden» the motive of a daily life, a life becomes one of the main things, smysloobrazujushchih. It is a certain kernel, the central making poetry of the given period. On it lateral motives are strung, making, as if in a mosaic, a complete picture of an emigrant life. As lateral in the collection «Not dull garden» following motives are allocated:

• and isolation - the life of emigrants is presented recurrence in creativity Don-Aminado as boring, deprived of a variety, in it is not present «either the ends and or the beginnings» [125] («Our small life», 1927-1934);

• search, - thus it is important to senselessness to notice, that search is deprived the spiritual beginning, shown to a life: search of a room with a sofa, penthouses for a servants, a dress coat, etc. («Works and days», 1933);

• reconciliation - the lyrical hero, being an emigration part, sees all lacks of such life and understands its inevitability ("Party", 1933);

• poterjannosti young generation - children of emigrants appear in rather ambiguous position: they receive education in Russian families according to Russian traditions, but grow absolutely in other conditions - tragical isolation of children from generation of fathers and mutual misunderstanding which too appears inevitable («Vershoks and backs», 1933) is as a result created.

By the moment of issue of the collection «Not dull garden» Don-Aminado was in emigration already more than 10 years. Therefore that the theme of an emigrant life has taken a considerable place in its creativity is quite natural. But nevertheless the essential part of his life which associated with a youth, happiness and serenity, has been connected with Russia. In this connection motives of memoirs and nostalgia become the second smysloobrazujushchim the centre
motivnoj collection structures. The lyrical hero Don-Aminado does not forget the native land, «the emigrant reality intertwines with memoirs on the native land», «the image of Russia never is represented isolated, torn off from the today's validity» [13]. Motives of nostalgia and memoirs dominate in poems "Smoke" (1928, 1935), «the Attracting distance» (1933), «the District lilac» (1929-1935), etc.

As a rule, it is difficult to lyrical hero to describe the feelings to the native land. He does not know, «how to tell» about it, how to find the necessary words to characterise to the full the feelings. Its love to Russia is so strong, that it is difficult to it «to explain it in simple words» [152]. To the author bright paints, metaphors, epithets are required. For this reason poems Don-Aminado about pre-revolutionary Russia are filled by special colours, smells, sounds, that meets in poems on France, emigration much less often. In a poem «How to tell.» The author describes run of a crazy three by a winter dawn in Petersburg. Before eyes of the reader there are live pictures: «the crazy three rushes», «behind verst the verst runs», «smells as a moisture, needles, an animal» [152]. The reader as if is involved in action, becomes the accomplice of events, sees Russia eyes of the author.

But the lyrical hero realises, that the old image of its native land irrevocably remained in the past. In products Don-Aminado appears the image of modern Russia sharply opposed to the idyllic past which will receive the fullest development in late creativity of the poet (the collection «In those fabulous year», 1951). In a poem "Native land" (1926, 1931) the author satirically represents the Soviet Russia: «.v the professor studies in a corner, / In other shoemaker has got. / and in the third pride of the nation, / the Sailor-bandit» [140]. The Soviet validity causes in the lyrical hero Don-Aminado sincere bewilderment. In its perception of the USSR has no anything the general with that Russia which he once knew and loves till now. If feelings of pressing nostalgia, sincere grief and melancholy the Soviet country does not cause anything are connected with image of pre-revolutionary Russia at the poet, except a sneer.

As a whole the collection «Not dull garden» represents the description of a life of Russian emigrants in capital of France. The basic motives of poems on Paris - an emigrant life, poterjannost young generation, a senseless life of the senior generation, search of a course of life (which it is reduced from philosophical judgement to a life). The lyrical hero lives the present, occasionally addressing to the past, recollects the native land. In poems on Russia motives of nostalgia, memoirs dominate. They are accompanied by motives of the lost youth, the former happiness, lost at home and a cosiness. Products about Russia and France differ and on mood. If poems on the native land are lyrical, executed by sincere and pressing feeling
Nostalgia in topical poems on the subjects about the emigrant validity tone of the author is ironic and it is sometimes ruthless.

In 1951 in Paris there was last collection of verses Don-Aminado «In those fabulous year». It is anticipated by two epigraphs: «I knew it still then, / In those fabulous year» (F.I.Tyutchev) and «Gravity in levity» (S.Baudelaire), «they define two main themes of the collection: meditations about the native land both its historical destinies and deification of the cheerful laughter rescuing for horror of a life» [14]. In the collection Russia - first of all the Soviet country. Only occasionally it appears in foggy a smoke of nostalgic memoirs. The book name defines themes of the poems which have entered into it: basically it is memoirs on the past. Therefore motives of an emigrant life practically do not sound in collection poems.

In poem "prolegomeny" (1932) memoirs on Russia are deprived lyricism and nostalgia. The lyrical hero is the detached onlooker. It only ascertains the history facts, sometimes sneering over the compatriots: «symbolists beat a retreat. / there are crowd futurists. / a panic. A crush. Fear. / a cloud, all in trousers» [153]. In the early thirties, under the fair remark And. G.Sokolova, «for Europe in general and, of course, for Russian emigration in particular more and more became characteristic interest to culture of the Soviet Russia and in general by a life of Republic of Councils» [15]. In poetry Don-Aminado the motive of the Soviet Russia becomes one of dominating («1917», 1930, "Searches", 1936, «the Belovezhsky dense forest», 1938, etc.).

The irreconcilable relation Don-Aminado to the Soviet Russia has affected in its late creativity and development of motive of nostalgia and memory of the native land. The lyrical hero still in the memoirs comes back to pre-revolutionary Russia. In the dissertation it is noticed, that in collection poems «In those fabulous year» Don-Aminado recollects old Russia, than in previous years much less often. Gradually on change to motive of nostalgia the motive of memory comes. Now at the lyrical hero the past associates more likely not with pre-revolutionary Russia, and with a youth and the first love, therefore and he not recollects the native land, and former years when it was young and happy.

Considering products of the collection of verses Don-Aminado «In those fabulous year» in a context of creativity of its contemporaries, the author of the dissertation does a conclusion, that during this period the image of Russia in poetry of emigrants receives dual treatment. On the one hand, Russia is the Soviet country which has no anything the general with that native land which poets recollect. On the other hand, Russia represents a native land which is connected with a youth, the finest and happy years of a life. The pair of oppositional motives is as a result formed: aversion of Russia /
Memory of the native land. Thus during the given period of development of the emigrant literature the motive of nostalgia which once were to leaders, becomes secondary. As the cores motives of irreconcilability with the Soviet validity, refusal of new Russia are allocated. In poems Don-Aminado about the Soviet Russia the cores are motives of destruction, death, aversion. In motivnoj to structure of the products devoted to a life in pre-revolutionary Russia, motives of the memory, the lost youth dominate, and the motive of nostalgia, as a rule, is present only implied sense («Summer record», 1928, «the Lyrical interval», 1939, etc.).

In late creativity Don-Aminado memory of pre-revolutionary Russia all becomes weaker, even more often in poems the author addresses to the present. In the collection «In those fabulous year» the considerable attention is given to an emigrant life. If earlier the life in emigration of a scarecrow of the lyrical hero by the emptiness, senselessness now it has reconciled to it and even finds any positive moments. So, the life filled with calmness and a cosiness, reminding idyll of provincial Russia before revolution ("Idyll", 1936, «The corner», 1936, etc.) becomes an ideal for it.

The lyrical hero idealises the life not so much, how many tries to convince itself that it is ideal, despite all lacks. However contrary to attempt to find life positive sides in emigration, in verses motives of senselessness, uncertainty sound. The life in emigration is represented deprived of any spiritual beginning, is reduced to a life. And in spite of the fact that it was adjusted, settled", it does not seduce it, after all in a life there is main thing - the purposes, no sense.

As the secondary declares itself motive of destiny of children of emigrants, characteristic for poems on a life in France. In "Idyll" there is through in creativity Don-Aminado an image of the boy If. Addressing to the general for satirikontsev to idea of the childhood, Don-Aminado has created a remembered image of the boy If Syroezhkina, become by the hero of its such products as «what does not know Kohl» (1927), «In an album» (1927), "House" (1927), "Kohl Syroezhkin" (1926), "Cry from the heart" (1926), «the Diary Prick Syroezhkina» (1927), etc.

In creativity Don-Aminado the motive of the childhood unites two opposite has begun. On the one hand, children are a symbol of pleasure and life continuation. As a rule, such relation to children is traced in prosaic products ("Kohl Syroezhkin" (1926), "Cry from the heart" (1926), etc.): «the author does not wait from them for a dirty trick, and their pranks, infinite questions, irrepressible energy are perceived by it as a counterbalance to infinite complaints of adults» [16]. In poetic products («Vershoks and backs» (1933), "Idyll" (1936), etc.) the motive of the childhood is connected with isolation of young generation from the native land and fading of a life of adults. It is remarkable, that this
Isolation is perceived by the lyrical hero of poems not as tragedy, and as a reality and inevitability of an emigrant life.

Original ideal of a life in poetry Don-Aminado becomes house "corner". This idea underlies a poem «The corner» (1936). Motive of the house, a cosiness hidden from the vain world, - the basic in this poem. As about true pleasure the lyrical hero speaks about comprehension of a life on the basis of personal experience, penetration «in circulation of things» [158]. Secondary motives of self-knowledge and harmony join the core with the world. One of the most bitter poems on an emigrant life is "Epilogue" (1938) in which the author says a severe sentence to itself and the generation. It is not simple an epilogue, and certain author's epitafija. The poem consists all of one stanza: «Lived. Were. Fur-trees. Drank. / water in a mortar tolokli. / Round yes nearby went, / By the main thing have passed» [161]. The motive of senselessness of an emigrant life is the core in a poem, on it motives of search of a course of life, absence of meaning of the life are strung.

The collection «In those fabulous year» finishes poetic creativity Don-Aminado. If in the previous emigrant collections motives of nostalgia, memoirs, acceptance of a life, updating, belief in the light future now motives of senselessness of existence out of the Native land become the cores, poterjannosti young generation, life idealisation prevailed.

The image of pre-revolutionary Russia meets in poems Don - Aminado all less often in this connection also the motive of nostalgia leaves on periphery, becoming secondary. In the collection «In those fabulous year» the poet addresses not only to an emigrant life, but also in detail stops on the Russian history. It is remarkable, that the majority of poems on Russia carries not lyrical, but satirical character: it or attempt to characterise the basic marks of pre-revolutionary history, or the life description in the Soviet Russia. The lyrics filled with pressing nostalgic memoirs, appear in this collection individual.

As a result of the analysis motivnoj structures of emigrant lyrics Don - Aminado in a context of a cultural-historical cut of an epoch of the first wave of emigration, it is established, that evolution of the basic motives is caused by influence of literary traditions of an epoch as a whole. In the early twenties memory of Russia was still too fresh, many emigrants hoped for the future revival of the country, saw in the creativity special mission on preservation of cultural wealth of Russian culture. In this connection the motive of nostalgia appears dominating in products Don-Aminado the given period. In 1930th there is a self-identification in the emigrant environment: in the creativity many writers address to an emigration theme, and also to culture of the USSR, now Russia is perceived not as idealizirovannaja the lost Native land, and as the Soviet country. It istorikoyo
The literary context had been caused transition in creativity Don-Aminado to development of new motive - an emigrant life.

In the Conclusion the basic are summed up works and generalising conclusions become.

The motive of war which is the core in pre-revolutionary poetry, does not receive development in emigrant creativity of the poet.

In early emigrant collections motives of nostalgia, memoirs, acceptance of a life, updating, belief in the light future prevailed; in late collections the accurate tendency of transition from these motives to motives of an emigrant life, senselessness of existence in emigration, poterjannosti young generation, idealisation of a life, aversion of the Soviet Russia is traced. The structure, organizujushchaja the art world Don-Aminado and based on two leitmotives - nostalgia and an emigrant life is built accurate motivnaja.

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A source: BUDAGOVA Marina Aleksandrovna. MOTIVE STRUCTURE OF POETRY DON AMINADO. Abstract of dissertation for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2014. 2014

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