In dissertational research the structure of lyrics Don-Aminado, including pre-revolutionary and emigrant creativity of the writer is analysed motivnaja. For the first time poetic creativity and the art world of the author are presented from the point of view of complex motivnogo the analysis.

According to the theoretical concept of motive offered taken for a basis. V.Tomashevskim, in dissertational work the basic motives in creativity of the writer come to light, evolution of change of values, reference points and priorities of the author during the different historical periods is traced.

As a result of the carried out research the problems put in introduction of the dissertation are solved. In the pre-revolutionary collection of verses of "a war Song as the core the motive of war having three different updatings (war imagined, war real, and war as threat to all world) is allocated. In the subsequent collections this motive does not receive the development. However communication between pre-revolutionary and emigrant creativity is obvious. Not one-planned perception of the validity, dual vision of the world was always peculiar to the poet. This feature was reflected in emigrant poetry Don-Aminado, namely in many-sided perception of a life. The lyrical hero of pre-revolutionary poetry does not feel a spiritual unification with Fatherland and does not realise, for what he is at war. Probably, such relation to Russia in more mature emigrant creativity became the reason of double vision of the native land: Don-Aminado misses on it and at the same time laughs at modern Russia.

In the course of the analysis of emigrant poetic collections Don - Aminado the basic motives in creativity of the writer are revealed. In the first collection of verses the Smoke without fatherland memoirs on Russia are fresh and distinct. In poems motives of destruction, a pain, sufferings which are replaced subsequently by motives of nostalgia prevail and
Memoirs. Tone of poems evolves from satirical to the lyrical. According to change of the basic motives the mood of the lyrical hero changes also. In earlier poems of the collection the mood of embitternment, insult, horror prevails. The mood of nostalgia, silent grief, love for the past later comes.

The tendency of transition planned in the first emigrant collection from satire to lyricism amplifies in the following collection Having thrown with a raincoat. Poems have entered Into it 1926-1928 Motive of nostalgia it is possible to allocate in this collection as the basic and the most frequency. Thus it is necessary to notice, that in poems of 1928 the motive of nostalgia is lateral while the motive of glorification of the future dominates. Poems of 1927 can be designated as a transition period in creativity of the writer. For them the silent grief far with despair, approaching to an enlightenment is characteristic. Subsequently there is a transition to optimism and life glorification. The malicious satire of poems is replaced 1920-1921 by easy irony and lyricism in products 1926-1928

In later collections Not dull garden and In those fabulous year the motive of nostalgia still remains to one of the most frequency, but seldom happens the core, acts more often in a role of the secondary. The collection Not dull garden represents the description of a life of Russian emigrants in Paris in this connection the motive of an emigrant life in it dominates.

On it lateral motives poterjannosti young generation, search of a course of life are strung. Wishing to distract from the present, the lyrical hero addresses to the past, recollects Russia. So, in collection poems there are motives of nostalgia and memoirs to which motives of the lost youth accompany, the former happiness, lost at home and a cosiness. Products about Russia and emigration differ on character and mood: sincerity and lyricism are opposed topical character and irony accordingly.

Last collection of verses Don-Aminado In those fabulous year is defined as total within the limits of all creativity of the writer. Poems get ispovedalnyj character and lyricism. Don - Aminado again addresses to the past. But now in the centre of its attention not personal memoirs on the former house and a cosiness, the history of Russia is interesting to it. The majority of poems differs satirical character: the author tries to characterise the basic marks of the Russian history of beginning HH century or addresses to ruthless ridicule of the Soviet life. Lyrics about Russia in this collection appear individual.

As a result of the analysis motivnoj structures of emigrant lyrics Don - Aminado in a context of a cultural-historical cut of an epoch of the first wave of emigration, it is established, that the tracked evolution of the basic motives is caused by influence of literary traditions of the designated epoch. In the beginning of 1 920th memory about Rossi was still too fresh, many writers - emigrants hoped for the future revival of the country, saw in the creativity special mission on preservation of cultural wealth of Russian culture. In this connection the motive of nostalgia appears dominating in products Don-Aminado the given period. In 1930th there is a self-identification in the emigrant environment: in the creativity many writers address to an emigration theme, and also to culture of the USSR, now Russia is perceived not as idealizirovannaja the lost Native land, and as the Soviet country. This historico-literary context had been caused transition in creativity Don-Aminado to development of new motive - an emigrant life.

Summing up researches, it is possible to notice, that in early emigrant collections motives of nostalgia, memoirs, acceptance of a life, updating, belief in the light future prevailed; in late collections the accurate tendency of transition from these motives to motives of an emigrant life, senselessness of existence in emigration is traced,
poterjannosti young generation, idealisation of a life, aversion of the Soviet Russia. The structure, organizujushchaja the art world Don-Aminado and based on two leitmotives - nostalgia and an emigrant life is built accurate motivnaja. The conclusions received as a result of research specify and deepen our representations about literary process of the given epoch.

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A source: BUDAGOVA MARINA ALEKSANDROVNA. MOTIVE STRUCTURE OF POETRY DON AMINADO. DISSERTATION for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2014. 2014

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