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Kontsept the soldier in a context of a problem of mutual relation of language and culture

The question on interrelation of language and culture, the cultural phenomenon and its language designation is rather actual in lingvokulturologii. The problem of interaction of language and culture is in the centre of linguistic interest to what held scientific forums in different points of the world and our country (J.D.Apresjan, S.A.Askoldov, A.Vezhbitskaja) testify.

This
Problematics uholit roots in works V Humboldt, L.Vajsgerbera, E.Sepira, B.L.Uorfa, A.A.potebni, D.S.Lihacheva's background, etc. In a linguistics meta language enter concepts "lingvokultura", "lingvokulturema", «lingvokulturnaja a situation» in V.V. Vorobeva, V.A.Maslovoj, V.I.Postovalovoj's works, etc.

Displays of Russian culture are appreciable not only in traditions and customs of the people, but also in mutual relation forms between people in a society, in norms of behaviour of representatives of its different layers. One of such social strata is the military structure, called to protect interests of the state. The behaviour, ways of interaction with representatives of this social stratum different in a rank are regulated by the army regulations.

Texts of the army regulations are closely connected with kontseptami - behind each keyword of the army regulations is corresponding kontsept Russian lingvokultury. As the studying centre in the given work defines kontsept the soldier studying militarnoj (military) lexicon in texts of the army regulations has the important and defining character at formation lingvokulturologicheskih knowledge at the future military experts.

Studying militarnyh kontseptov allows to see in a new fashion history of Russian people, to open an essence of national mentality, and also to describe lingvokulturnuju a situation, characteristic for soldiers of this or that epoch. Cultural kontsepty display features of mentality of the people. Mentality is «set of the thought processes including construction of a special picture of the world» [Maslov 2008: 31]. «Mentality is a world view in categories and the native language forms, connecting intellectual, spiritual and strong-willed qualities of national character in its typical displays. Language embodies both national character, and national idea, and national ideals which in their finished kind can be presented in traditional symbols of the given culture» [Kolesov

1995: 14-15]. At kontsepta the soldier the valuable component is expressed in

To the stylistic form - a word the soldier concerns elevated style that speaks about the importance of it kontsepta for Russian language consciousness.

Acquired cultural kontsepty extremely influence consciousness of the person, change its scale of values and define its behaviour and a life in a society. Soldiers of Ancient Russia and modern soldiers have a lot of the similar: ideals of protection of the Native land have remained and until now, and the central theme of readiness for self-sacrifice for the sake of interests of the people is key for military culture in our country. N.A.Berdjaev marks: in a shower of the Russian person the Christianity and pagan-mythological representation about the world are merged together: «in type of the Russian person two elements - primitive, natural jazychestvo, and orthodox, from Byzantium received, asceticism, tendency to potustoronnemu to the world» [Berdjaev 1993: 8] always face.

The soldier is the person ready to a feat. The standard of behaviour of the soldier - protection of the people and upholding of its interests. Research and comparison kognitivnyh signs kontsepta allows «to reveal the general and specific features of naive (unscientific) systems of knowledge of private world of the person, and also to deduce some conclusions about properties of national mentality» [Pimenova 2004: 59]. As marks V.V. Kolesov, «mentality is means of national consciousness and a way of creation of a traditional picture of the world, rooting in categories and language forms» [Kolesov 1999: 148], "mental" archetypes ”develop historically, a mentality ideal - not momentary idea of social filling. It is difficult to judge another's mentality, not taking roots, for example, in spiritual space of the given language» [Kolesov 1995: 14-15]. The culture thus can be considered as the highest level of display of language, and a point of interaction, crossings of language and cultural levels there is a text [pocheptsov 1990: 110-112].

Word podvigperevoditsja not on all languages. The feat is a special display of the soldier in Russian culture. «Existence of the person in language assumes tridimentionality of communications: the relation of the person to a sign-word (we it named a symbol), its relation to idea-sense and its relation to a thing and the world. Completeness of perception assumes all three sources in information receipt: both feelings, and reason, and will» [Kolesov 2001: 6].

Kontsept the soldier it is safely possible to carry to the category key, representing national culture and Russian mentality in the concentrated kind. This kontsept is connected with such important spheres of human activity, as political, economic, ethical, psychological, obrazovatelno-educational, cultural-spiritual, etc.

1.3.

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A source: BODRIKOV Alexey Borisovich. LINGUO-CULTUROLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE MENTAL EDUCATION STRUCTURE OF A WARRIOR (BASED ON THE QUESTIONANT ANALYTICAL COURSES OF MILITARY-TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY). Thesis for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2019. 2019

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