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THE WORK GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC

The urgency of research of features of medical terms within the limits of historical terminovedenija is caused by following factors: display of the general scientific interest to problems separate terminology, the general importance of a problem of studying of terms in a modern linguistic science, necessity of research of medical terms HEH of a century.

Research is aimed at revealing and the analysis of linguistic features of medical terms of XIX century, the historical destiny of terms that represents special interest for vision of development and formation of Russian medical terminology as a whole is traced also. Studying of terms expands understanding of development of Russian literary language. Evolution of a sublanguage of medicine is closely connected with evolution of knowledge of the person in the field of medicine, therefore studying of features of medical terms of XIX century promotes the best understanding of history of a science.

Object of research is development professional terminosistemy a medicine sublanguage.

Object of research - features of dynamics of primordially Russian and borrowed medical terms calling illnesses, in Russia in XIX century.

As research material 1835-1899 of the edition in total amount of 16153 pages have served 26 medical scientific texts on surgeries and pharmacology. From the seen material the terms designating the names of illnesses have been allocated and analysed.

The purpose of dissertational work - research and the multiplane analysis of terminological lexicon in various aspects: lexico-semantic, etymological, word-formation and lexicographic.

As the priorities defined according to an object in view, it is possible to allocate the following.

1. To present the lexico-semantic characteristic of the terms designating the names of illnesses of the person in XIX century.

2. To make the etymological analysis of medical terms.

3. To track history of changes of the specified terms till now.

4. To establish the reasons of disappearance of medical terms of XIX century.

5. To reveal sources and ways of formation of the terms used in medical texts of XIX century.

6. To define the grammatical organisation of compound medical terms

7. To describe specificity of terminological word-combinations.

For the decision of tasks in view following methods of linguistic research have been used: the teoretiko-analytical method including the review of the scientific literature on terminovedeniju; a method of continuous sample of the language material taken from manuals of XIX century; classification of investigated terms by origin and structure; the componental analysis of semantics of lexical units; the word-formation analysis of lexical units; a quantitatively-statistical method.

Scientific novelty of the present dissertational research is defined by that the linguistic features of medical terms designating the names of illnesses which were used in medical scientific texts on surgeries and pharmacology of second half XIX century for the first time are investigated.

The theoretical importance of research consists that the received results supplement available in terminovedenii data on the term nature, give new data on functioning of medical terms in texts of XIX century, promote expansion of knowledge of formation and development of Russian scientific medical terminology.

The practical importance of research consists that the actual material and separate positions of the dissertation can be used as one of sources of studying of terminology students-philologists. Materials and conclusions of dissertational research can represent scientific interest as an illustrative material within the limits of historical terminovedenija. The description of a concrete language material can be used at studying of a course of history of medicine. Usually at studying of this course the basic attention is given to stages of formation of medicine as sciences, historic figures who have brought the greatest contribution to medicine development to the concrete periods of time are studied. The given language research allows to add the information on the period of development of medical terminology in Russia in XIX century.

Theoretical basis of research works on terminovedeniju (D.S.Lotte, A.V.Superansky, V.P.Danilenko, L.A.Kapanadze, I.A.Sternin, V.A.Tatarinov, B.N.Golovin, V.M.Lejchik, V.F.Novodranova, O.V.Zagorovskaja, S.D.Shelov, etc.), on metaforizatsii (make L.M.Alekseeva, O.D.Mitrofanova, N.D.Arutyunov, E.V.Pikalova, etc.), on medicine history (F.R.Borodulin, M.P.Multanovsky, P.E.Zabludovsky, T.S.Sorokin, etc.), on medical terminology (M.N.Chernyavsky, G.A.Abramova, M.I.Volovich, S.Madzhaeva, I.V.Makarov, N.N.Maslov, S.L.Mishlanova, T.A.Trafimenkova, etc.).

On protection the following p about l about e n and I is taken out.

1. Russian medical terminology of XIX century represents the system reflecting a level of development of medicine of this historical period.

2. The superiority in strength of medical terms of primordially Russian origin over loans in XIX century has been connected with
The increased role of Russian in development of national medicine of the previous historical period.

3. Having begun formation in XVIII century, Russian medical terminology by XIX century has got the basic lines generated terminosistemy, remained till now.

4. XIX century - an initial stage of occurrence of the borrowed terms designating the names of illnesses. Process of the further development of Russian medical terminology will result in prevalence of the borrowed terms over primordially Russian in modern medicine.

5. Process of selection of medical terms is connected with the reasons of linguistic and extralinguistic character.

6. The historical destiny of medical terms of XIX century calling illnesses, has been directly connected with medicine development as sciences.

Work approbation. Substantive provisions and results of dissertational research were discussed on faculty meetings of Russian of philological faculty of the Tver state university, have been approved at following All-Russia and International conferences: the International scientifically-practical conference of "Strategy of research of language units╗ (Tver, 2012); the All-Russia scientifically-practical conference źProblems of regional linguistics: Memories d.f.n., prof. T.V.Kirillovoj╗ (Tver, 2013); IX International scientifically-practical conference źAchivement of high school╗ (Sofia, 2013); III International scientifically-practical conference źInteraction of languages and cultures at Russian studying as foreign and other foreign languages╗ (Tver, 2014); IV International scientifically-practical conference źSocially-humanitarian problems of the present: the person, a society and culture╗ (Krasnoyarsk, 2015).

By results of research 10 articles in total amount 2,75 items of l are published. (The personal contribution - 2,47 items of l.). 3 from them - in the editions recommended VAK to the Russian Federation

The dissertation structure is defined by its purpose and the problems put in it. It is composite the dissertation consists of the introduction, three heads, conclusions of each chapter, the conclusions, the list of the used literature, the list of the used dictionaries, the list of sources of an actual material and the appendix containing the list of used medical terms.

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A source: BUDANOVA Natalia Aleksandrovna. DEVELOPMENT of MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY In RUSSIAN LITERARY LANGUAGE of SECOND HALF XIX CENTURY (on a material of names of illnesses). The dissertation author's abstract on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2018. 2018

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