the Appendix

the Comparative table of sights of ideologists of Split

Sravnina -

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Tsar Alexey Mihajlovich Patriarch Nikon Protopriest Avvakum and Old Believers

naja a support

nobility, a part of clergy ­(basically those ­ clerics with ­ whom ­ quick-tempered patriarch Nikon has had time to spoil ­ relations), a peasantry great bulk the majority ­ of clerics (the higher and average link), ­ a considerable part of laymen of all estates a peasantry part, including fluent serfs, the Cossacks, representatives ­ of nobility, clerics (in

the core of the lowest link)

the Sources, reflecting ­ weed - tiko - legal sights of ideologists of Split Letters, Reading and writing, Cathedral ­ Ulozhenie 1649, ­ memoirs on the tsar of its ­ contemporaries Messages (to the tsar and ­ east patriarchs), «Objection, or ­ Ruin smirennago ­ Nikona, Bozhieju milostiju the Patriarch, protivo ­ questions of boyar Simeona Streshneva,­ a hedgehog napisa to Gazsky ­ metropolitan Paisee Likari - diusu, and on answers Shares - seovy» (the most volume ­ work of the patriarch - 900 sheets), Kormchaja the book (Nomocanon) of 1653 «Life of protopriest Avvakuma ­ him written­», «the Book of conversations», «the Book of interpretation»,

«the Book of accusations, or the Gospel eternal», and also petitions, ­ messages, letters (to the tsar, native, to friends, avenue)

­ the World outlook basis of sights the Theory «Moscow-third Rome» inoka Filofeja (XVb.); Christian ­ values; ­ S.Polotskogo's compositions­; compositions ­ of east hierarches on ­ a special role of Russia and its ­ monarch in world history F.Akvinsky's Sights; «Kirillov the book» 374 ;

«Konstantins gift»;

«the Word short, or about freedom of Sacred Church»

Own treatment of the theory «Moscow - the Third Rome»; «Dispute with Greeks» Arseny Sukhanov; ­"Domostroj"; norms Stoglavogo ­ of the Cathedral of 1551;

Kormchaja 1653; «­ Konstantins gift»; «the Story about white klobuke»

­ Political views Special "bogoustanovlennaja" ­ the nature of the imperial ­ power: the tsar is above all system of the government and out of it. The absolute ­ superiority ­ of temporal power. The tsar protects both the earth, and the people, and belief. Necessity strictly

submission of the imperial ­ power. Enslaving ­ of a great bulk of the population of the country ­ - peasants, - with a view of maintenance ­ of the interstate order, hundred -

the Superiority of spirits­

ache the authorities over ­ the secular: «­ the kingdom priesthood ­ prebole is». Aspiration to become ­ the patriarch of all ­ orthodox world.

Independence of church of the state.

an application Admissibility ­ in divine service both old, and new ceremonies,­ and, as consequence, the quiet relation to Old Believers, nedopu -

Russia - the standard for all foreign states. Aversion of church ­ reform as the tsar and the patriarch "adjusted"

the country under foreign standards.

Full ­ political isolation is more useful ­ to the country, for ­ preservation of cleanliness of belief and originality ­ of a historical way of development. Independence of church of the state.

In a parity question

374 «Kazanja sacred Cyril about antihriste and its signs, with expansion of a science against heresies roznyh», more known under the name «Kirillov the book» (the collection of articles against Catholics and the Lutherans, ­ constituted Stefanom Zizaniem where he aspired to prove, that the Pope antihrist or its forerunner).

bilnosti, liabilities for control­. The maximum ­ easing of influence (political ­ and economic) the main competitor ­ of temporal power - churches. Aspiration to collect under protection of Russia

all orthodox states ­ and to become at the head of all orthodox world.

Prosecution and ­ bringing to criminal liability ­ of Old Believers, as not concordant with the selected ­ political policy.

stimost persecutions on data of persons. the authorities: ­ a temporal power priority,­ but only under a condition "pravednosti" ­ the monarch.

the Public life ­ is based on principles "Domostroja".

the First in domestic history of law and the states ­ ideologists (at ­ subconscious level) ­ a civil society and ­ a lawful state



the Tsar - a source «the law, favour and justice­». Inviolability of a figure of the tsar. Liquidation of white large villages for increase ­ in number of tax bearers­. An interdiction of growth ­ of church landed properties.

Replacement of the christian law by the secular. Equality (formal) all before the civil court. The control over activity of church from secular ­ establishments (creation ­ of the Monastic order).

Inviolability of the property of church. Necessity of strict ­ division ­ of jurisdiction between secular and ­ the spiritual courts. Inadmissibility ­ of investment ­ of temporal power ­ administrative powers ­ concerning church (management ­ of economic affairs, appointment of priests ­ to posts). ­ Attempt to make Kormchuju the basic source of law in the country, having superseded ­ Cathedral Ulozhenie with its anticlerical ­ norms. the Recognition of the leading part of the active, strong-willed person ­ and a society as a whole in government and church. All ­ rules of law (so-called ­«the terrestrial law») should proceed from ­ the society and ­ not contradict the core

to the law - "divine" ­(­ to Bible positions­). Ideas about inviolability ­ of a private property­. Aversion

the serfdom and ­ a recognition of freedom of work as pledge of economic success and prosperity ­ of the separate person and ­ state as a whole.

Conformity ­ on - litiko - legal sights to a spirit of the age ­ Corresponded ­ to the developed historical

situations: for XVII century the aspiration ­ to building was timely­

to huge empire and ­ repartition in these purposes of a card of the world; on a building way ­ absoljutizma ­ intention ­ of the tsar to limit the church power as a whole and the patriarch ­ in particular looked proved,­­ to develop new system of rules of law and to supersede ­ the christian law the secular.

did not consider a reality of come time, from here inopportuneness ­ and backwardness of sights: patriarch Nikon ­ stood on obviously utopian ­ for XVII century to idea of transformation of Russia in the theocratic state­. Under the maintenance ­ of politiko-legal ideas ­ Old Believers much more overtook ­ time, under the form of their realisation in practice - lagged behind, as searched for ideals in olden time, ­ preferred to leave from ­ the world, instead of to bear in it the ideas, were extreme conservatives.

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A source: Vodopjanova Marina Viktorovna. Political and legal sights of ideologists of Split in Russia XVII centuries. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the master of laws. Moscow - 2017. 2017

More on topic the Appendix:

  1. the Appendix
  2. the Appendix 4
  3. the Appendix
  5. the Appendix
  7. the APPENDIX 4
  8. the Appendix
  9. the Appendix
  10. the Appendix
  11. the Appendix