the Positions which are taken out on protection:

1. In a course transformatsionnyh changes of institute of judicial representation in the first poslerevoljutsionnye years, according to Decrees about court (1917 - 1918), the Instruction of the Narcofloor-mat of justice

RSFSR (1917), gradual washing out occurred Position about the people's court (1918), Decree Sovnarkoma RSFSR źAbout registration of persons with the higher juridical education╗ (1920),

institutsionalnyh bases of legal profession of the pre-revolutionary sample (professional personnel structure, lawyer self-management, a financial autonomy), come to the end with its abolition and liquidation of lawyer associations on places in October, 1920 with acceptance of new edition of Position źAbout the people's court╗.

2. Institutsionalizatsija the Soviet legal profession, representing process of streamlining and formalisation of social communications and relations in sphere of legal protection of legitimate rights and interests, creations of corresponding organizational structures and a standard regulation of their functioning, occurs in the conditions of active growth of the civil circulation and necessity of the qualified legal support of property legal relations at transition to new economic policy. Restoration of professional legal profession was promoted also by the termination of sharp social opposition and liquidation of system of extreme justice of the period of civil war. Characterising process of formation of the Soviet legal profession in territory of Western Siberia in 1920th It is necessary to notice its low enough rates and overdue introduction institutsionalnyh bases that was caused by "personnel hunger╗, absence of necessary financial assets and material resources and constant reforming of administrative territorial division.

3. A condition institutsionalnyh bases of the Soviet legal profession (personnel structure, organizational construction of lawyer associations, the basic directions of lawyer activity, gonorarnaja practice) with
The moment of its creation testifies to minor value of institute in system of the Soviet justice, caused by the objective contradiction between historically developed social mission of legal profession and intrinsic features Soviet partijnoyogosudarstvennoj control systems. The direct certificate of it is that circumstance, that legal profession activity was regulated republican, instead of the allied legislation, that, along with serious deformations institutsionalnyh legal profession bases on the places, caused, first of all, sotsiokulturnymi features of provincial regions, interfered with end of formation of institute in all-union scale.

4. Organizational and functional dependence of legal profession on judicial authorities, the party, Soviet and judicial device, has predetermined conditionality transformatsionnyh changes institutsionalnyh legal profession bases (centralisation strengthening, unification of the organizational device, liquidation of private practice of law) toughening of a political mode in conditions of "Stalin modernisation╗. During the period of 1930th in activity of lawyer associations of the West Siberian region the features inherent to the Soviet legal profession as a whole - low enough professional level, gradual bjurokratizatsija organizational structure, restriction of participation of lawyers in judicial protection are traced. In the conditions of mass reprisals the legal profession itself becomes object of the repressive actions shown as in personnel cleanings and physical destruction of many defenders, and in gross violation at regional level of one of major it institutsionalnyh bases - self-management of lawyer associations.

In territory of Western Siberia
These processes were showed in dissolution of Regional bar in 1935 and mass arrests as a part of presidium of again generated board in 1938

5. In days of the Great Patriotic War in development of the Soviet legal profession and its regional branches there are inconsistent enough processes. On the one hand, it is available still bolshee deterioration of a personnel situation, with another - some softening of the ideological control over activity of lawyers. The maintenance of all subordinate legislation standard legal acts according to which activity of lawyer associations was under construction during the military period, formulates only real practical problems. The given circumstance, along with end of process of formation of the steady lawyer associations, connected with creation of independent boards (Kemerovo, Tomsk, Tyumen), promoted activization of participation of the West Siberian legal profession in civil legal proceedings, development of system of a legal aid to the population, the organisations and the region enterprises.

6. In the limited democratic transformations (sulfurs. 1950 - nach. 1960th) liberalisation criminal and ugolovnoyoprotsessualnogo legislations has led to a reconstruction of the mechanism of realisation of legitimate rights of citizens on judicial protection. UPK RSFSR, the approved 27.10.1960, and Position about legal profession from 25.07.1962 have expanded possibilities of lawyers as independent and independent participants of process, having defined the right and a duty of defenders to use all means specified in the law and ways of protection. At the same time the disciplinary responsibility for źjudicial red tape╗ deprived of lawyers of this possibility, and the remaining monitoring system behind activity of the boards, excluding possibility of the independent
Definitions of organizational structure, the list of staff, gonorarnoj politicians, toughening of requirements to members of lawyer boards, testified to preservation of the former relation to the institute occupying subordinated position in system of the Soviet justice.

7. Development of regional lawyer associations in sulfurs. 1950 - nach. 1960th, characterised stabilisation of personnel structure and the organizational structure, some expansion of the rights of lawyers in sphere of judicial protection, system development juriskonsulstva and increase in volume of legal services to the population, predetermined by the basic tendencies of social and economic and political development of a society, and also intrinsic features of the Soviet political mode that has caused proceeding bjurokratizatsiju lawyer activity, preservation ideologizirovannosti the lawyer trade shown in encumbrance of legal profession nearby of functions unusual for it of educational, propaganda and other character.

The theoretical importance of research consists that positions of scientific work bring the positive contribution to basic researches of evolution of state-legal institutes of Russia at a certain historical stage. On an example of history of domestic legal profession in a context źthe centre - the periphery╗ is obviously possible definition of the general laws and development tendencies partijno - the government and the Soviet legislation, features of functioning of system of law enforcement bodies, as on sojuzno - republican, and local levels.

The practical importance of research consists in possibility of use of its results during the further realisation of a policy of reforming of the Russian legal profession including actions
On optimisation and increase of an overall performance of lawyer associations.

Conclusions and recommendations of dissertational work can be applied by preparation of educational programs on home state and right history, and also will promote development of scientific researches in the given area. Dissertation materials can be claimed in educational process by working out of special courses on legal profession history.

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A source: GAVRILOV STANISLAV OLEGOVICH. Institutional bases and regional features of the Soviet legal profession in the period from 1917 to the beginning of the 60s. (on the example of the West-Siberian region). Thesis for the degree of candidate of legal sciences. Moscow - 2017. 2017

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