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the Urgency of dissertational research and degree of a readiness of a problem.

models and methods of realisation of the economic reforms which are carried out in the different countries, are a subject of steadfast attention of scientists-economists, state and politicians. In the literature experience of market transformations in countries of Eastern Europe and the CIS is widely shined.
Their results are evaluated differently. Along with the doubtless successes reached in business of reorganisation of economic system of these states, in many of them, especially at an initial stage of reforms, the crisis phenomena — slump in production, high inflation, unemployment growth etc. are observed. On this background the way which has been passed by economy of China where reforming has been begun in 1978 Unlike the postsocialist countries is allocated, the Peoples Republic of China has followed a way of gradual market transformation of the economic system within the limits of a socialist political system. Thus the management of China has gone on realistic revision of conceptual bases of strategy and tactics of building of the new company, soberly considering changes of international economic and political conditions, a level of development of productive forces and a production efficiency in the Peoples Republic of China and in we blow the world. For expired after the beginning of reform time in China was possible to achieve essential acceleration of economic growth and increase of a standard of life of the population, to create the market environment at preservation of the leading part of public sector, ustra - the obstacle thread, stirring to a free mobility of capital and a labour, to supply scientific and technical progress. The major element of the Chinese model of transition to market economy is the policy of an openness to an external world which purpose consists in attraction of the foreign capital, creation of new channels of receipt in the country of high technologies, engineering and management methods. Key direction of this policy was creation of special economic zones (SpEZ), the direct foreign investments opened for the application. SpEZ China are one of the most known versions of free economic zones (SEZ) complex type. After them formed SEZ other types — zones of technological development, a zone of development of high new technology, duty free zones and open frontier zones. Questions of the theory and practice of functioning SEZ are considered in E.F.Avdokushina, L.A.Anosovoj's works, JI. N.Vasileva, V.G.Gelbrasa, B.S.Gusev, A.Kapustin, V.V. Karlusova, V.I.Korkunova, S.Menezheva. P.Moziasa, I.Naumov, E.Pivovarova, V.Porzhjakova, V.I.Potapov, M.Potapov, N.Smorodinskoj, G.S.Jaskinoj and many other things scientists and experts. The big investment in working out of theoretical and methodological problems of development SEZ the Peoples Republic of China was introduced by the Chinese scientists and experts: Gao SHantsjuan, Go SHipin, Gu SHutan, Gu JUjmin, Dzhan CHzhujuan, the Tench Caen, Tench Lin, Tench Hanchuan, Lju Lishen, Ma Hun, Not Hualin, At TSzinljan, Fej CHenzhun, TSaj Sisjan, CHzhou SHuljan, CHi Fulin, CHen Vejchuj, CHen Huaj, SHen Dunshen, etc. However many theoretical and practical aspects of functioning SEZ and, in particular, SEZ China are investigated insufficiently. The profound analysis is required by a question on a role, evolution and the mechanism of functioning of these territorial complexes at different stages of market transformations.
There is no uniform classification of their various models. The economic mechanism and results of functioning of "base" special economic zones of the Peoples Republic of China and their influence on development of all Chinese economy are poorly studied. In Russia almost completely there are no the researches devoted to the present stage of development SEZ of China, to their new purposes, problems, functions and prospects. In the literature positive experience and results of activity Chinese SEZ are shined, as a rule, only, but difficulties available there and unsolved problems are not considered. Studying of these questions, working out of recommendations about the further development Chinese SEZ have certain significance n for Russia where process of creation SEZ is only at an initial stage. All it has defined an urgency, the theoretical and practical importance of a theme of the dissertation. Main objective of dissertational work is the analysis of role SEZ in transitive market economy and working out of recommendations about creation of favorable conditions of their development. The object in view has caused necessity of the decision of following problems: — To give the characteristic of main specific features of market transformation of the Chinese economic system in which conditions function SEZ; — To consider theoretical bases, to investigate world experience of organisation SEZ and their typification, to open their economic role; — To investigate the economic mechanism, a role, significance and evolution of the most typical for Peoples Republic of China SEZ — five special economic zones (SpEZ); — To justify necessity of transformation available in Peoples Republic of China SEZ in SEZ modern type, the economic and which legal status corresponds to the world standards; to define their primary goals; — To recommend concrete measures on perfection of system of stimulation of activity and territorial placing SEZ of modern type in the Peoples Republic of China. Object of research are free economic zones as the tool of market transformation of economy. Object of research are theoretical and practical problems of organisation SEZ in the Peoples Republic of China and prospects of their further development. As theoretical and methodological basis of dissertational research economic theory general provisions, scientific researches concerning transitive economy and organisation SEZ and modern methods of the statistical analysis have served. In the course of work references, instructive materials of the corresponding ministries, acts VSNP, archival, statistical, planned and accounting materials were used; data of local central and foreign periodicals; reports about NIR on investigated questions; office materials, standard directories; Own researches and supervision of the author. The significant part of these materials was not translated into Russian and introduced in a scientific turn-over for the first time. Scientific novelty of research consists in the following: — Principles and specific features of strategy and tactics of realisation of the Chinese model of market transformation of economic system, and also the methods which have developed now of macroeconomic regulation are opened; the critical estimation of results of reform of the Chinese economy is given; — The characteristic of basic lines SEZ as is given a part of territory of the country on which the goods are considered as the objects which are outside of national customs territory, and the special system of privileges directed on activization of foreign economic relations, investment and innovative activity is used; — Available approaches to typification SEZ to signs of their territorial placing, economic specialisation and the organisation are investigated; — Development of the most typical for China SEZ — five SpEZ is analysed; their role as proving ground of reforming and maintenance of an openness of the Chinese economy to an external world is opened; necessity of transition to creation SEZ of modern type is reasonable, the economic and which legal status corresponds to the world standards; — With allowance for world experience specific goals, problems, main principles, models, ways and organisation stages in Peoples Republic of China SEZ of modern type are defined; — The complex of measures on perfection of system of privileges and stimulus is offered, to orientation of production and territorial placing SEZ of modern type of the Peoples Republic of China, and also their legislative, economic and administrative maintenance.
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A source: Go Show-dzhi. FREE ECONOMIC ZONES AS the TOOL of MARKET TRANSFORMATION of ECONOMIC SYSTEM. ISSERTATSIJA on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. St.-Petersburg.

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